Felicia Hemans Papers. 1772-1897, 2010

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

The records comprise correspondence and manuscript poems written by Felicia Hemans to Frances Maynard. Also includes manuscript material relating to Frances Maynard which is associated with Hemans's manuscripts. The material has been arranged to reflect, as far as possible, its original order and has been subdivided into three sections:

  • Correspondence: MS/28/3/1
  • Poetry Manuscripts: MS/28/3/2
  • Miscellaneous Manuscripts: MS/28/3/3

Administrative / Biographical History

Felicia Dorothea Hemans née Browne (1793-1835) was a prolific and renowned Romantic poet. In 1826 the Literary Chronicle called her the first poetess of the day and with the exception of Lord Byron, the sales of her publications during her lifetime outstripped those of all of the other Romantic poets. Wordsworth himself lamented Hemans's death in the 1837 text of his Extempore Effusion on the Death of James Hogg:

  • Mourn rather for that holy spirit,
  • Sweet as the spring, as ocean deep;
  • For her who, ere her summer faded,
  • Has sunk into a breathless sleep.

Felicia Dorothea Browne was born in Liverpool in 1793, one of six children born to George Browne and his wife, Felicity Dorothea, (née Wagner). Her father George Browne was an Irish merchant and her mother was the daughter of the Tuscan Consul in Liverpool. Due to troubles with the family business, the Browne family moved to Wales in 1800 when Felicia was seven years old. At this time, her favourite pastime was to sit in the apple tree and read Shakespeare. Felicia began writing poetry at a very young age, and her first volume of poetry titled Poems by Felicia Dorothea Browne was published in 1808 when she was just 15 years old. Over her lifetime she would publish a further 19 volumes and a total of 400 poems, plus a play, and numerous articles for magazines including Blackwoods.

Felicia Dorothea Browne married Captain Alfred Hemans in 1812 and together they had 5 children - all boys - between 1813 and 1817. In 1818 the Hemans separated and Captain Hemans settled in Rome, leaving Felicia and their young family in Wales. This was to become a permanent separation and the two never met again before Hemans's death in 1835. Hemans's Records of Woman: With Other Poems (1828) concentrates on the various hardships faced by women and many of these trials were reflected in her own life - she had been responsible for the financial maintenance of her family for 10 years when it was published, this included not only her 5 sons, but also her Mother and Sister too. In 1827 Hemans's Mother died and the family fragmented with Hemans moving to Liverpool with three of her sons, while the eldest two were sent to Rome to live with their Father. Hemans's stay in Liverpool was plagued with ill health, although collaborations and acquaintances were formed with Geraldine Jewsbury, William Roscoe, and the Nortons. In 1829 and 1830, Hemans travelled to Edinburgh and the Lake District and visited Sir Walter Scott, Francis Jeffrey, and Wordworth.

Hemans was advised that another winter in Liverpool would be bad for her health and in 1831 she decided to move to Dublin as her brother George lived in Kilkenny. She continued to write in Dublin, submitting several translations and commentaries on foreign literature to various publications. Unfortunately her health was in decline and towards the end of 1834, she contracted scarlet fever, an illness from which Hemans never completely recovered. In February 1835 her predicament prompted Sir Robert Peel to offer her son Henry a clerkship and grant Hemans herself £100, unfortunately she died some months later in May 1835 at only forty-three years old.

Hemans is remembered in various memorials including a plaque and a stained-glass window featuring women of the scriptures, above her resting place in the vault of St Ann's Church, Dublin. The window was funded by donations in 1865. Another memorial is the annual Felicia Hemans poetry prize awarded by the University of Liverpool, open to past and present members and students.

Arrangement

Information for users

Conditions Governing Access

The collection is open to bona fide researchers.

Acquisition Information

Sir Sydney Giffard

Other Finding Aids

A finding aid is available in the reading room.

Archivist's Note

Listed by Helen Donald, using Xemacs SGML authoring software 2010.

Conditions Governing Use

Licensing and reproduction rules available on request.

Custodial History

The collection was donated to the University of Liverpool by Sir Sydney Giffard in July 2010. There is no information about the history of the collection beyond this.

Accruals

There are no anticipated accruals.

Related Material

Other holdings in Special Collections and Archives, University of Liverpool:

There is material relating to Felicia Hemans within The Rathbone Papers, The Papers of Blanco White, and the Manuscript Collection:

  • RP.V.4.18 Papers of Blanco White
  • RP.XXI.11.11 Autograph Collection
  • BW1/116 Correspondence
  • MS.3.1 (82-84)
  • MS.26.4 (6)

Material held elsewhere:

Liverpool Record Office hold correspondence and literary manuscripts for Felicia Hemans dating from 1820-1969.

Huntingdon Library hold letters and literary manuscripts for Felicia Dorothea Hemans dating from 1819-1893.

Trinity College, Dublin hold a commonplace book relating to Felicia Hemans and correspondence between Hemans and Robert Perceval Graves dating from 1830-1831.

Harvard University: Houghton Library hold a literary manuscript for Felicia Hemans.

The Wordsworth Trust hold correspondence for Felicia Hemans dating from 1827-1834.

The National Library of Scotland: Manuscript Collections, hold poems and letters to Blackwoods from Felicia Hemans dating from 1827-1834.

British Library: Manuscript Collections, hold letters to Dr Samuel Butler from Felicia Hemans dated 1823-1835 and (copies) of letters to members of the Graves family of Dublin dated 1831-1834.

Bibliography

  • Chorley, H.F.Memorials of Mrs Hemans with illustrations of her literary character from her private correspondence (1836)
  • Hicks, HarrietThe works of Mrs Hemans with a memoir of her life by her sister (William Blackwood and Sons, Edinburgh, 1844)
  • Lawrence, R.Recollections of Mrs Hemans: The last autumn at a favourite residence, with other poems and recollections of Mrs Hemans (1836)
  • Leslie, M.I.Felicia Hemans: the basis of a biography, PhD dissertation (University of Dublin, 1943)
  • Owen, H.B.HMemoir of Mrs Hemans, The Works of Mrs Hemans, 7 vols. (1839)
  • Sweet, Nanora and Malynk, Julie (Eds) Felicia Hemans: Reimagining poetry in the Nineteenth Century (Basingstoke, Palgrave, 2001)
  • Sweet, NanoraFelicia Dorothea Hemans (1793-1835) in Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford University Press, 2004)