Papers of Sir Cecil Clementi: Service in Hong Kong,1899-1912

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Microfilm copies of papers, reports, diary letters, etc. relating to service in Hong Kong,1899-1912.

Administrative / Biographical History

Sir Cecil Clementi (1875-1947), colonial administrator and traveller, began hiscareer as a cadet in the Hong Kong Civil Service in 1899, passing examinationsin both Cantonese and Pekingese. He translated and edited CantoneseLove-songs (Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1904), partly to assist studentswith the Chinese language. In 1902 he was posted for special service under theGovernment of India, and for famine relief work in China's Kwang-si province in1903. He also served as a land officer and police magistrate in the then newly leased territories in mainland China, 1903-1906. Later he travelledfrom Andijan in Central Asia to Kowloon, publishing Observationstaken during a Journey from Kashgar to Kowloon, 1907-1908 (Hong Kong,Naronha & Co., 1911). His maps were subsequently incorporated in theSurvey of India's map of Tibet and adjacent countries,and he received the Cuthbert Peek award of the Royal Geographical Society in 1912.

In 1913 he was appointed Colonial Secretary of British Guiana, where headministered the government in 1916-1917, 1919 and 1921. He and his wife alsodiscovered a route from the Kaieteur Falls on the Potaro river to the summitof Mount Roraima on the borders of Brazil and Venezuela. While in BritishGuiana, he concerned himself with the colony's health, drainage, immigrationand development, publishing a report on conditions in 1919, as well as The Chinese in British Guiana (Georgetown,British Guiana, 'The Argosy' Co., 1915) and A ConstitutionalHistory of British Guiana (London, Macmillan & Co., 1937).

In 1922he became Colonial Secretary in Ceylon, administering the government in1922-1923 and 1925. In 1925 he became Governor of Hong Kong, where his primarytasks were to restore confidence inside the colony, check piracy and restorefriendly relations with Canton. He was made Chancellor of the University ofHong Kong, where he established a school of Chinese classical literature andphilosophy. In 1930 he was made Governor of the Straits Settlements and HighCommissioner for the Malay States, his policy being to achieve federation forall nine Malay states. He also inspired the raising of the first battalion ofthe Malay Regiment and through his knowledge of Chinese affairs was able tocheck the influence of the Kuomintang and Moscow's plan for 'colonial revolution'in Malaya. He finally retired in 1934 on the grounds of ill health. He wasawarded the GCMG in 1931, was a knight of grace of the Order of St. John ofJerusalem, and was Master of the Mercers' Company, 1940-1941, having served on itscourt from 1935. In 1912 he married Marie Penelope Rose Eyres, with whom hehad one son and three daughters.

Conditions Governing Access

Bodleian reader's ticket required.

Note

Collection level description created by Paul Davidson, Bodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Rhodes House.

Other Finding Aids

Listed as no. 671 in Manuscript Collections in Rhodes House Library Oxford,Accessions 1978-1994 (Oxford, Bodleian Library, 1996).

Alternative Form Available

Microfilm copies are available at the Public Record Office of Hong Kong and the Hong Kong University Library.

Conditions Governing Use

No reproduction or publication of personal papers without permission. Contact the library in the first instance.

Related Material

Correspondence, reports, speeches, etc. relating to Hong Kong, 1913-1937;speeches, correspondence, reports, memoranda, printed papers, etc. relatingto Malaya, Singapore and Borneo, 1882-1947; notes, printed papers, etc.relating to his published books, [1898-1936]; photographs and miscellaneousitems, 1873-1961 (ref. MSS. Ind. Ocn. s. 352). Papers of C.H.F. Blake concerning his service as Secretary of the Perak StateWar Executive Committee during the Malayan emergency, [1948-1960] (ref. MSS.Ind. Ocn. s. 276).