John Strutt, 3rd Lord Rayleigh: Sound detection papers

Scope and Content

Papers sent to Lord Rayleigh regarding sound detection in water.

1. R.A.S. Paget, Board of Invention and Research, letter to Rayleigh, 6 October 1915, 1 page, enclosing no. 2.

2. Sir Ernest Rutherford, Manchester University, 'Report on methods of collection of sound from water and the determination of the direction of sound', 30 September 1915, 11 pages.

3. R.A.S. Paget, letter to Rayleigh, 25 October 1915, 2 pages, enclosing no. 4.

4. A. Mallock, 'Experiments on the determination of the direction of sound', 20 September 1915, 3 pages.

5. R.A.S. Paget, letter to Rayleigh, 8 November 1915, 2 pages, regarding Mallock's report (no. 4), with a page containing four figures.

6. W.H. Bragg, Hawkcraig Experimental Station, Aberdour, Fifeshire, letter to Rayleigh, 8 November 1916, 3 pages, regarding the work of the station and its move to Harwich.

Administrative / Biographical History

John William Strutt (1842-1919), 3rd Baron Rayleigh, was born at Maldon, Essex, on 12 November 1842. He was educated privately and at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was a Fellow, 1866-1871. He succeeded his father as baron in 1873. Rayleigh was Cavendish Professor of Experimental Physics at Cambridge, 1879-1884. He retired to Terling Place, Essex, in 1885, but continued to work in his private laboratory. He carried out research in physics, chemistry and mathematics, and published many scientific papers. In 1894 he was responsible, with William Ramsay, for the discovery of argon. He was Secretary of the Royal Society, 1885-1896, and President, 1905. He died at Witham, Essex, on 30 June 1919.

Access Information

Open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.

Acquisition Information

Purchased from Sotheby's, 2 May 1979.


Description compiled by Robert Steiner, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives. The biographical history was compiled with reference to the entry on Rayleigh in H.W.C. Davis and J.R.H. Weaver, eds, Dictionary of national biography, 1912-1921 (Oxford University Press, 1927), pp. 514-517.

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