Salvation Army personal papers collections: Major Adám Ormagy Macher

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

These are the personal papers of Major Adám Ormagy Macher, 1936-1947.

The papers are arranged into the following series:

AOM/1 Correspondence

AOM/2 Official papers

The correspondence includes both personal correspondence and official Salvation Army correspondence received by Major Macher in 1936-1938, 1944 and 1947. The personal correspondence largely relates to Major Macher's interest in the Hungarian Methodist Episcopal Church and his temporary leave of absence to preach for that Church. Letters also discuss family news, the wearing of uniform, details of appointments to the Men's Home, Budapest, and to financial boards at Budapest Headquarters, and translation on corps visits. The official correspondence relates to Major Macher's transfer from Budapest to Rákosszentmihály in 1944, and to the emptying and confiscation of the Salvation Army hall in Debrecen and the potential confiscation of officers' quarters on Kertész Street, Debrecen, in 1947.

The official records, mostly relating to Segélykiáltás, the Hungarian-language 'War Cry', were issued by the Hungarian state and local authorities and by the Association for the Representation of the Interests of Hungarian Periodicals from 1937-1947. These include two resolutions issued by The Mayor of Budapest (October 1939), the first, 'concerning the limitations placed on the public lives and economic expansion of the Jews', stating that 'the publishing license for periodicals loses its validity if [...] the publisher of the periodical is considered a Jew', and the second confirming that the identity of editor Margit Króner had been verified in line with the earlier resolution. Later papers in the file include a letter from the Association for the Representation of the Interests of Hungarian Periodicals awarding Segélykiáltás with gold, silver and bronze medals and honourable mention in the First Hungarian National Press Exhibition (February 1943), and a final resolution issued by The Mayor of Budapest (May 1944) banning the publication of Segélykiáltás.

The records are in Hungarian (Magyar) or German, but English translations made by Major John Dyall were deposited with the records.

Administrative / Biographical History

Major Adám Macher (1911-1999) was a Salvation Army Officer in Hungary from 1929 until the suppression of Salvation Army activities in the country in 1950. Following the re-establishment of Salvation Army work in Hungary in 1990, Major Macher continued to assist the Army in retirement.

The Salvation Army International Headquarters appointed German Officer Colonel Franz Rothstein to pioneer work in Hungary and official opening proceedings were held on 27 July 1924. Salvation Army work in Hungary lasted scarcely 25 years, years which coincided with a politically turbulent period in the country’s history. In 1949, following the establishment of the People’s Republic of Hungary, serious restrictions were imposed on Salvation Army work in Hungary forcing operations to cease. Work was re-established in the Territory in 1990.

Conditions Governing Access

Open for research. The reading room of The Salvation Army International Heritage Centre is open Tue-Fri 9.30-4.00. It is advisable to make an appointment. Tel: 0207 326 7800; email: heritage@salvationarmy.org.uk.

Other Finding Aids

A multi-level description of this collection can be accessed in the International Heritage Centre's online catalogue: http://www.calmview.eu/SalvationArmy/CalmView/. A paper catalogue is available in the reading room of the International Heritage Centre.

Alternative Form Available

Photocopies were also deposited with The Salvation Army Archives in Bern, Switzerland.

Custodial History

The correspondence and papers in this collection passed into the possession of Aux.-Captain Adám Macher on the death of his father, Major Adám Macher, in 1999. They were given to Major John Dyall who gifted them to the Heritage Centre in 2000.

Geographical Names