The collection comprises of correspondence by Liddon and biographical information on him.
Mathew Liddon collection
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 15 Mathew Liddon
- Dates of Creation1821-1869
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionCorrespondence (1 leaf) Papers (12 leaves)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Matthew Liddon joined the Royal Navy in 1804, serving in the West Indies where he was captured by French privateers. On his return to England, he joined HMS Pheasant in 1806, participating in an expedition to the Rio de la Plata under Sir Samuel Auchmuty. Between 1808 and 1818, he served in a succession of ships off the coasts of North America and Britain and in the Mediterranean, advancing to the rank of lieutenant in 1811.
In 1819, he took command of HMS Griper on the British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition, 1819-1820 (leader William Edward Parry), sailing in company with HMS Hecla to the Canadian Arctic to seek a passage through Lancaster Sound.
Setting out from London in May 1819, the expedition reached Davis Strait before proceeding to Lancaster Sound where the two vessels continued westward, exploring Prince Regent Inlet before progressing along Barrow Strait. On 6 September 1819, Parry crossed the meridian of 110° West, off the south shore of Melville Island, earning for the expedition the prize of 5,000 offered by Parliament for reaching this longitude. Prevented from progressing still further west by ice conditions, the expedition wintered at Winter Harbour on Melville Island, where the vessels remained until 1 August 1820.
After the expedition, he did not serve at sea again, advancing to the rank of commander in 1821 and retiring as captain in 1856. He died on 31 August 1869 at Clifton, near Bristol.
The collection is arranged in the order it was deposited at the Institute.
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Some materials deposited at the Institute are NOT owned by the Institute. In such cases the archivist will advise about any requirements imposed by the owner. These may include seeking permission to read, extended closure, or other specific conditions.
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to The Arctic Navy List, or, a century of Arctic and Antarctic Officers 1773-1873... by Clements Markham, Royal Naval Museum, Portsmouth (1992) SPRI Library Shelf 92(08) and British polar exploration and research a historical and medallic record with biographies 1818-1999 by Lieutenant Colonel Neville W. Poulsom and Rear Admiral John A.L. Myres, Savannah Publications London (2000) SPRI Library Shelf 737.2 and Arctic, exploration and development c500 BC to 1915, an encyclopaedia by Clive Holland, Garland Publishing, London (1994) ISBN number 0824076486 and Exploring Polar Frontiers, a historical encyclopaedia by William Mills, San Diego and Oxford, 2003
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
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