The collection comprises of correspondence by Stanley to Sir John Richardson written during the early stages of the British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition, 1845-1848 (leader Sir John Franklin)
Seven Stanley collection
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 15 Steven Stanley
- Dates of Creation1845
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionCorrespondence (1 leaf)
- Direct Link
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Stephen Samuel Stanley qualified in medicine in 1838, joining the Navy as an assistant surgeon in the same year and later serving in the China War of 1842. He was appointed surgeon in HMS Erebus on the British Naval Northwest Passage Expedition, 1845-1848 (leader Sir John Franklin), sent to search for a Northwest Passage beyond Lancaster Sound and Barrow Strait in the unexplored region south-west of Barrow Strait. Sailing from London in company with HMS Terror in May 1845, the expedition was last seen heading for Lancaster Sound by two whalers in northern Baffin Bay in late July 1845. After that, the expedition disappeared and Europeans never again saw its members alive. The two vessels become beset north of King William Island, where they had spent two winters between September 1846 and April 1848. Franklin died on 11 June 1847 and the command had devolved on Francis Crozier. Abandoning the vessels on 22 April 1848, the 105 survivors led by Crozier set out toward Back River. All perished during the journey.
The correspondence with Richardson is arranged chronologically
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Arctic, exploration and development c500 BC to 1915, an encyclopaedia by Clive Holland Garland Publishing, London (1994) and Exploring Polar Frontiers, a historical encyclopaedia by William Mills San Diego and Oxford, 2003 and British polar exploration and research a historical and medallic record with biographies 1818-1999 by Lieutenant Colonel Neville W Poulsom and Rear Admiral John A L Myres, Savannah Publications, London (2000) SPRI Library Shelf 737.2
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
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