The Act 31 Geo.II, c.26 s.28 (1758) provided for the families of militiamen. When the militia was embodied and on actual service, parishes were to provide relief out of the poor rate for families unable to support themselves. These overseers' accounts, signed by one or two justices, were then sent to the county treasurer. In the case of the poor rate being insufficient, overseers might be reimbursed from county stock.
Where a man's family lived elsewhere than in the county in whose militia he was serving, overseers of the relieving parish were reimbursed by their county treasurer. The latter claimed payment from the county for which the man was serving through the appropriate county treasurer (see claims on and made by other counties).
The accounts give the names of militiamen, names of wives, number of children, abode, sometimes rank, for whom substituting (if applicable), number of weeks of relief, at what rate and amount.