The collection comprises of material relating to the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914 (leader Douglas Mawson) the Imperial Tran-Antarctic Expedition [Weddell Sea Party], 1914-1916 (leader Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton) and correspondence to the geographer and meteorologist Hugh Robert Mill.
James Francis [Frank] Hurley collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 James Hurley
- Dates of Creation1912-1917
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionExpedition material (2 microfilms, 434 leaves) and correspondence (1 leaf)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
James Francis [Frank] Hurley was born in Sydney, Australia in 1885. He left school without qualifications and worked in a steel mill before completing his education at the University of Sydney. He then worked for a firm of photographers but soon left to join the Australasian Antarctic Expedition, 1911-1914 (leader Douglas Mawson). He took photographs of wildlife and was also a member of the party of three that sledged to the South Magnetic Pole in 1912.
Almost immediately after the return of this expedition, he joined the Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition [Weddell Sea Party], 1914-1916 (leader Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton), sailing in Endurance. After the ship was crushed in the pack ice of the Weddell Sea, he and his companions escaped in boats to Elephant Island. A party of six led by Shackleton made the epic journey from Elephant Island to South Georgia to seek help from the Stromness whaling station and in August 1916, Hurley and the remaining members of the expedition were rescued from Elephant Island.
He brought back memorable photographs of the wreck of the Endurance and scenes on Elephant Island together with the documentary film In the grip of the polar ice [This was later titled The Endurance and is now generally known as South].
During the First World War, Hurley served as an official war photographer in France and in the Middle East. Then followed filming ventures in New Guinea and central Australia as well as lecture tours in America before he returned to the Antarctic with the British, Australian and New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition, 1929-1931 (leader Sir Douglas Mawson).
After this expedition, Hurley served as a war photographer in the Second World War. He died in Sydney on 17 January 1962.
Published work, Shackleton's Argonauts, a saga of the Antarctic ice-packs by James Francis Hurley, Angus and Robertson, Sydney (1948) SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(08)[1914-1916 Shackleton], Argonauts of the south, being a narrative of voyaging and polar seas and adventures in the Antarctic with Sir Douglas Mawson and Sir Ernest Shackleton by James Francis Hurley, G.P. Putnam's Sons, New York (1925) SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(091)
The collection is split into three sub-fonds covering expedition material and correspondence respectively.
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The term holograph is used when the item is wholly in the handwriting of the author. The term autograph is used when the author has signed the item.
Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034 and The Polar Record (May 1962) volume 11, number 71, p210 and Encyclopaedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans ed. Bernard Stonehouse, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester (2002) ISBN 0471986658 SPRI Library (7)
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
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