This collection comprises papers of James Frederick Schon, CMS missionary, particularly concerning his translation work. It includes letters he received from CMS headquarters, from native clergy in West Africa and from colleagues and friends. It also includes a translation of the gospel of St Matthew into Hausa
Papers of James Frederick Schon
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- ReferenceGB 150 CMS/ACC78
- Dates of Creation1850-1893
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish Hausa
- Physical Description68 documents 1 volume
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
James Frederick Schon (b. c. 1802) of Ober Weiler, Baden, Germany attended the Basel Seminary and, in 1831, the Church Missionary Society College. He was ordained a deacon in 1831 and priest in 1832 when he went to Sierra Leone. He accompanied the first Niger Expedition 1841. His connection with the CMS ceased in 1853 after 20 years service. He was renowned for his African linguistic work, particularly in Hausa, and he continued to be engaged in this work after ceasing to be a missionary. He was the author of numerous works including Journal of the Niger Expedition (1842); Vocabulary and Elements of Grammar of the Hausa Language (1843); Translations of Genesis, Exodus, the Gospels, and the Acts of the Apostles into the Hausa Language (1857-1861); Grammar of the Hausa Language (1862); Dictionary of the Hausa Language (1876). In 1848 he became chaplain to the Melville Hospital, Chatham. In 1877 he was awarded the Volney Prize for his linguistic work and in 1884 received an honorary doctorate from Oxford University. He died at Chatham 30 March 1889.
Schon married Anne Elizabeth Nylander in 1835 who died in Sierra Leone 5 Nov 1837. In 1839 he married Cordelia Irving who died the following year. On 5 February 1841 he married Catherine White (ne Drake), the widow of James White CMS missionary. Catherine survived her husband dying 26 Oct 1892. One daughter, Annie Catherine married Edward Thomas Higgens, CMS missionary in Ceylon, in 1858.
Reference: Register of missionaries (clerical, lay & female) and native clergy from 1804 to 1904 ( Church Missionary Society, 1905 ).
This collection forms part of the Church Missionary Society Unofficial Papers. It is arranged into one series: Family Papers.
Open. Access to all registered researchers.
Presented to the CMS by a member of the Schon family in 1948; transferred on permanent loan to the Special Collections Department by the CMS in the 1980s.
Other Finding Aids
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Conditions Governing Use
Permission to make any published use of any material from the collection must be sought in advance in writing from the University Archivist, Special Collections. Identification of copyright holders of unpublished material is often difficult. Special Collections will assist where possible with identifying copyright owners, but responsibility for ensuring copyright clearance rests with the user of the material.