India Photographs

Scope and Content

Photographic material, including sepia or black and white prints, postcards, cuttings, drawings and negatives connected with the work of the London Missionary Society in India.

Material is divided into sub-sections (repeated for the second, and to a lesser extent the third deposit of photographs). The first section contains material which has not been assigned to a particular sub-section either because it concerns India as a whole, it covers more than one sub-section, or there is insufficient information to assign it to a particular sub-section; the second covers the South India region as a whole; then there are sections reflecting the linguistic break-down of the South India region - Telugu, Tamil, Travancore [Kerala], and Kanarese [Karnataka]; the seventh section is for the North India region as a whole; then there are subsequent sections for Bengal and the United Provinces [Uttar Pradesh]. Large sets such as the mounted lettered and numbered sequence of general prints, and the mounted set acquired by LMS Foreign Secretary Ralph Wardlaw Thompson (1842-1916) have been reunited. Following the main section are several sets of photographs, which form part of Personal Collections given to the London Missionary Society (again, this pattern is repeated for the second deposit). Within the sub-sections described above, files have been arranged chronologically as far as is possible, although individual files can cover large date ranges. The latest deposit includes material for Bangledesh and Pakistan. There are also photographs from the London Missionary Society Print Library relating to India.

Photographs show individuals, groups, buildings, and local scenes (often from rural areas), featuring missionaries, Indian Christians, hospitals, schools, etc. Significant sets of prints

have been received from missionaries including Edward Rice (1849-1936), Samuel Harman (1881-1913), and Richard Harman (1888-1978). In addition to photographic prints there also a sizeable collection of commercially produced postcards.

Note on place names:

Where possible, each place name is identified by a contemporary standard form (generally taken from Norman Goodhall 's 'A History of the London Missionary Society 1895-1945') and a current modern standard form (generally taken from the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names). The modern standard used for Amber is Amer; for Benares, Varanasi; Berhampore, Berhampur; Bombay, Mumbai; Cawnpore, Kanpur; Chikka Ballapura, Chikballapur; Darjeeling, Darjiling; Kachwa, Kachhwa; Madras, Chennai; Madura, Madurai; Mirzapore, Mirzapur; Munshiari, Munsiyari; Mysore (state), Karnataka; Ootacamund, Udagamandalam; Poona, Pune; Rani Khet (instead of Ranee Khet), Ranikhet; Tanjore, Thanjavur; Trichinopoly, Tiruchchirappalli; Vizagapatam, Vishakhapatnam; Vizianagram, Vizianagaram; El Kantara, El Qantara [Tunisia]. Amaravillei has been used instead of Amaravillai; Codacal instead of Kodakal; Coonoor instead of Conoor; Goundachepollium instead of Goundachepallium; Hampi instead of Humpi or Vijayanagar; Jiaganj instead of Giaganj or Jiagang; Kaurapukur instead of Kaurapuka; Kodaikanal instead of Kodai Kanal; Laugh Baugh instead of Lal Bagh; Maliyampollium instead of Maliyampallium; Manyakala instead of Mannyakala; Murshidabad instead of Marshidabad; Neyyoor instead of Neyoor; Nilgiri Hills instead of Neilghirry Hills or Nilgherri Hills; Palladam instead of Palladom; Palni instead of Pulney; Quilon instead of Quilan; Sekindra instead of Secundra; Shevaroy Hills instead of Shervaroy Hills; Tirupatur instead of Tirupattur or Terupathu; Trivandrum instead of Trevandrum or Travandrum. For people, Brahmin has been used instead of Brahman; Kanarese instead of Canarese; Kurava instead of Kuraver or Kuravar; Lushila instead of Lusheela; Thibaw instead of Theebaw; Tippoo Sultan instead of Tiffio.


Photographs have been transferred to the archive in three separate deposits and catalogued in three phases. The arrangement of photographic material reflects this, with sections repeated for the different deposits.

Access Information



Main conservation concerns are crumbling mounts (particularly file 34), very thin and brittle prints, and the poor state of some of the albums (particularly file 55).

Archivist's Note