George Howard Darwin: Papers on Middleton's submarine

Scope and Content

1. Correspondence of George Darwin with Henry Middleton and others, and notes, newscuttings and printed pieces relating to Middleton's work, c. 1905-1910 (1 envelope).

2. 'Middleton's specifications for submarine & submergeable ships & boats', a bound collection of specifications for patents, 1887-1893, including diagrams (1 volume).

3. 'Middleton's specifications for flying machines and navigable balloons', a bound collection of specifications for patents, 1888-1893, including diagrams (1 volume).

Administrative / Biographical History

Sir George Howard Darwin (1845-1912), mathematician and astronomer, was born at Down House, Downe, Kent, on 9 July 1845, the son of the naturalist Charles Darwin. He was educated at Clapham Grammar School, then Trinity College, Cambridge (B.A., 1868), where he was a Fellow, 1868-1878. He was Plumian Professor of Astronomy and Experimental Philosophy at Cambridge, 1883-1912. Darwin studied the earth in his early work before examining the earth-moon system and the influence of the tides. He became a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1879, and his collected works were published in 1907-1911. He died at Newnham Grange, Cambridge, on 7 December 1912.

Henry Middleton, engineer, of Slough, Buckinghamshire, worked at the Northampton Polytechnic Institute.

Conditions Governing Access

Open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.

Acquisition Information

Transferred from the Whipple Science Museum, 20 November 1971.

Other Finding Aids


Archivist's Note

Description compiled by Robert Steiner, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives. The biographical history was compiled with reference to the entry on George Darwin in H.W.C. Davis and J.R.H. Weaver, eds, Dictionary of national biography, 1912-1921 (Oxford University, 1927), pp. 144-147.

Related Material

Cambridge University Library holds other papers relating to George Darwin, MSS.Add.5749, 5750, 7045, 7046 and 8166.