Carmarthen Borough Records

Scope and Content

Records of Carmarthen Borough, Carmarthenshire, 1706-1980, including Carmarthen minutes, 1835-1973; copy charters of confirmation for borough of Carmarthen, 1764-1796; bye-laws, 1875-1951; records relating to the police, 1836-1946; records relating to planning and housing, 1883-1969; deeds, 1814-1961; valuation lists of property liable to Poor Rates, 1836-1929; and rate books relating to the district and to water, 1907-1951.

Administrative / Biographical History

At the end of the 13th century, Carmarthen was the largest Welsh town with probably a population over 1,000. By 1790, Carmarthen had a population of 6,000-7,000. Boroughs such as Carmarthen were granted a measure of self-government as well as trading rights such as the right to hold a fair and a market; the boroughs were established by a charter or a series of charters. The government of boroughs was reformed in 1835 under the Municipal Corporations Act, with improved financial regulation and elected councils. The boroughs were given more and more powers in the nineteenth century, covering policing and the public health. The Charter of 1546 made Carmarthen a Corporate Borough and appointed the mayor and Common Council, who had their own rights and privileges. A Carmarthen Borough Charter was granted by George III in 1764, creating a common council of twenty members, to be elected by the mayor and burgesses. The Borough and county officials administered the local government system. After 1875, Carmarthen Borough Council was granted new powers (equivalent to an Urban District Council). In 1974, Carmarthen Borough Council became a Town Council.

Arrangement

Arranged chronologically into the following: Carmarthen Borough minute books; copy charters; correspondence; standing orders; bye-laws; acts of parliament; seal registers; declarations, diclosures and attendance; police; pensions committee; planning files; plans; planning/housing; royal, national and civic occasions; wartime; quarter sessions; elections; deeds; agricultural and horticultural shows; and other records.

Conditions Governing Access

No restrictions

Acquisition Information

Deposited by D. A. R. Jones, County Secretary Dyfed County Council, in 1975 and transferred by Peter Davies, Modern Records Manager, in 1998.

Note

Compiled by Annette Strauch for ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of the description: Carmarthenshire Archives Service, Catalogue of Carmarthen Borough Records; Collis, Kim, The West Glamorgan Archive Service, A Guide to the Collections (Swansea, 1998); Lodwick, Joyce, Lodwick, Victor, The Story of Carmarthen (Carmarthen, 1994); Lloyd, Sir John E., A History of Carmarthenshire, vol. I ; vol. II (Cardiff, 1935, 1939); Prys-Jones, A.G., The Story of Carmarthenshire, vol.I (Landebie, 1959); R.A. Griffiths (ed.), Boroughs of Mediaeval Wales (Cardiff, 1978).

Other Finding Aids

A hard copy of the catalogue is available at Carmarthenshire Archives Service.

Conditions Governing Use

Usual copyright regulations apply.

Appraisal Information

All records have been retained

Custodial History

The register of new buildings, no. 2, 1898-1924, was found at the former borough offices in John Street, shortly before their demolition.

Accruals

Accruals are not expected

Related Material

Further papers are Carmarthenshire Archives Service, Museum Collection including minute books 1569 - 1835 and early nineteenth century rate books

Geographical Names