Chepstow Board of Guardians Records

Scope and Content

Records of Chepstow Poor Law Union, 1838-1931, including Guardians' minute books, 1838-1929; committee minute books, 1862-1927; correspondence, 1837-1930; relief order books, 1910-1924; District Medical relief books, 1912-1926; registers and returns, 1879-1929; financial records, 1836-1930; workhouse administration records, 1869-1931.

Administrative / Biographical History

Until the Poor Law Amendment Act 1834, relief of the poor was the responsibility of the parish. Following the Act, parishes were grouped into Unions that were charged to provide a workhouse for the relief of the able-bodied poor. Chepstow Poor Law Union was formed in 1836 and operated in constituent parishes of Caerwent, Caldicott, Chapel Hill, Chepstow, Cilgwrwg, Dinham, Howick, Ifton, Itton, Llangewydd, Llangwm, Llansoy, Llanvair-Discoed, Llanfihangel Rogiet, Llanfihangel Tor y Mynydd, Martharn, Mounton, Newchurch, Penterry, Portskewett, Rogiet, St Arvans, St Pierre, Shirenewton, Tidenham, Tintern, Trelleck Grange, Undy and Wolvesnewton. The Union workhouse was situated in Chepstow and built in 1838. The Board of Guardians responsible for the Union had other duties from time to time, including the registration of births, marriages and deaths, vaccinations, assessments of rates, sanitation, school attendance and infant life protection. By the time of the Local Government Act 1929. Unions were abolished and their duties transferred to County Councils, with responsibility for the poor being transferred to the Public Assistance Committee until 1948.


Arranged into the following: General administration; Poor relief; Medical; Reports, registers and returns; Finance; Workhouse administration.

Access Information

No restrictions

Acquisition Information

Source not recorded


Compiled by Richard Burman for the ANW project. The following sources were used in the compilation of this description: Gwent Record Office, Chepstow Board of Guardians, catalogue; The History of Poor Law website (, viewed 20 September 2005.

Other Finding Aids

A hard copy of the catalogue is available in Gwent Record Office.

Conditions Governing Use

Usual copyright regulations apply.

Appraisal Information

All records deposited at Gwent Record Office have been retained.


Accruals are not expected

Related Material

Further records of the Chepstow Union are Gloucestershire Record Office, Chepstow Poor Law Union.

Geographical Names