Transcripts of material relating to Hull Citadel

Scope and Content

Transcripts collected in the course of a report on archaeological excavations at the Hull Citadel by Martin Foreman and Steve Goodhand between 1989-1992 with further material collected by Audrey Howes.

Administrative / Biographical History

After Hull was taken by the rebels during the Pilgrimage of Grace in 1536 Henry VIII ordered the fortified walls to be improved and de la Pole's house converted into the town's citadel. The building works were completed by 1543 at a cost of £18,000 (the equivalent of £8m at todays prices) leaving Hull with three forts connected by a wall and the North Bridge constructed over the river Hull. In the mid 16th century control of the Castle and blockhouses was passed to the town. The north blockhouse was partially destroyed in September 1643 during the second siege of Hull. Heavy storms in 1670 undermined much of the south blockhouse. In 1680 fortifications of the castle and southern blockhouse were improved under Martin Beckman resulting in the creation of a triangular fort with governors house, barracks and magazine and this became known as the Hull Citadel. The structure was surrounded by a moat on the eastern and western sides. In 1716 it was recorded that there were 117 guns in the Citadel.

The northern blockhouse was outside of the new fort and was demolished in 1802. Military use ended by the mid nineteenth century with the last firing of the guns for the Prince of Wales's wedding on 12 March 1859. In 1864 the site was cleared to make way for Hull docks.

See Martin Foreman & Steve Goodhand 'The Construction of Hull Citadel' in Post-Medieval Archaeology - Volume: 30 - p143-185 and Audrey Howes & Martin Foreman Town and Gun published in 1999.

Conditions Governing Access

Access will be granted to any accredited reader

Custodial History

Donated by Martin Foreman, Humber Archaeology Partnership, Hull, 20 May 1997

Related Material

Photocopies of documents from the British Museum relating to Martin Beckman, including reports of the coastal defences in Northern England, plan and notes relating to Scarborough Castle, a panoramic view of Hull and a detailed account of the state of Hull's defences,1685-1696 [Ref U DX130]

Papers relating to Hull Garrison, 1664-1971 [U DX4]

18th and 19th century illustrations of the Citadel [Ref U DP/160]

Print of the Citadel [Ref C DIEW]

Plan of Victoria Dock and the Citadel, 1846 [Ref C DBHT/7/45]

Publicity file on Hull Citadel produced by Humberside Archaeology Unit, Dec 1989 [Ref U DX129/8]

Plan of the Town and Citadel of Hull, 1715 [C DBRT/2]

Local Studies material including articles on the Hull Citadel and 'An investigation of the archaeological potential of the Hull Citadel' [Ref L.623.1]

Sir Henry Gates commission into the state of the Castle (Ref C BRS/53) includes an Estimate of the cost of repair to the citadel, 1576 [Ref C BRS/53/8]

Records of the Hull Town Council Citadel and Foreshore Committee, 1858-1860 [Ref C TCCD]