- Corporate records, 1937–1960;
- Shareholding records, 1896–1960;
- Financial records, 1930–1961;
- Patents and trademarks, 1877–1932;
- Production records, 1945–1961;
- Sales records, 1953–1961;
- Staff records, 1937–1961;
- Licensed premises records, 1902–1958;
- Photographs, undated.
Records of Robert Younger Ltd, brewers, Edinburgh, Scotland
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Robert Younger was born on 1820 in Alloa, Scotland . He trained as a brewer with his family's firm in Alloa before settling in Duddingston, Scotland . He began brewing in c1844 . In 1850 he moved to Edinburgh, Scotland , where he was employed as brewer at Andrew Drybrough & Co , Canongate. In 1854 Robert Younger purchased the St Ann's Brewery on Croft-an-Righ Lane, Abbeyhill, Edinburgh , from James Bernard , who had been using St Ann's as a distillery. St Ann's Brewery had been established by Archibald Campbell Younger in 1786 . On 18 November 1896 Robert Younger 's company was registered as a limited liability company under the name Robert Younger Ltd . In the same year a new malting opened on St Clair Street, Edinburgh , which supplemented and replaced older maltings. The maltings became a large part of the firm's business with malting carried out for other brewers including William Younger & Co Ltd , Edinburgh , and Hugh Baird & Sons Ltd , Glasgow, Scotland . Robert Younger died in 1901 and was succeeded by his son John H Younger . By the turn of the century Robert Younger Ltd was producing an extensive range of heavy and light draught beers and stouts. The company supplied its products to a wide area of Scotland and to the North East of England and also engaged in a modest export trade. The trade mark adopted by the company for its labels was the Stag and Cross of King David which had been registered as far back as 1877 . In Robert Younger Ltd 1913 purchased the Craigmillar New Brewery of W & J Raeburn , Edinburgh , which had been built in the same year. This site had the advantage of a rail siding laid directly into the brewery. At the outbreak of the Second World War ( 1939–1945 ) the Craigmillar New Brewery was requisitioned and used as a store by Royal Engineers and all production concentrated on the St Ann's Brewery. The Craigmillar New Brewery was de–requisitioned in 1949 and in 1950 sold to the Brewer's Food Supply Co Ltd , Edinburgh , for GBP 50,000. In Robert Younger Ltd 1953 opened a substantial new bottling hall at St Clair Street, Edinburgh , adjoining the maltings. At the 1954 Brewers Exhibition in Robert Younger LtdLondon, England won three medals. First Prize Silver Medal for its Brown Ale, Second Prize Bronze Medal for its Old Edinburgh Ale and its Sweet Stout. This is reputed to have been the first time a Scottish brewery had won three medals at a single exhibition. By Robert Younger Ltd 1955 had acquired 32 managed houses, 5 in the North East of England , 12 in West Scotland and the remainder in Edinburgh and the Lothians. By 1960 the total number of licensed houses had increased to 37. In Robert Younger Ltd August 1960 was taken over by Scottish Brewers Ltd for GBP 895,000. At that time Robert Younger Ltd was the largest surviving brewing firm in Scotland employing some 57 persons and with an output of up to 2,000 barrels per week. Brewing ceased at St Ann's in March 1961 and the brewery closed at the end of that month.
The material is arranged according to the Scottish Brewing Archive classification scheme used within all SBA collections.
Conditions Governing Access
Scottish & Newcastle plc.
Other Finding Aids
File level list available in searchroom.
Alternative Form Available
No known copies
Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements
No physical characteristics that affect the use of this material.
Conditions Governing Use
Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the University Archivist.
Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use and condition of documents.
This material has been appraised in line with standard GB 0248 procedures.
The collection was previously stored with the rest of the Scottish Brewing Archive at Heriot–Watt University. It moved to the University of Glasgow in 1991. Custody of the Scottish Brewing Archive was transferred to Glasgow University Archive Services in 2008.
Location of Originals
This material is original
McMaster, Charles, "Robert Younger Ltd. The St Ann's Brewery, Abbeyhill, Edinburgh", (unpublished article).
No known publications using this material.
Description compiled in line with the following international standards: International Council on Archives,ISAD(G) Second Edition, September 1999 and National Council on Archives,Rules for the construction of personal, place and corporate names
Scotland is the location of all place names in the administrative/biographical history element, unless otherwise stated.
Collection catalogued by Natalie Milne, Archives Assistant (Hub), 22 November 2001. Catalogue converted to Encoded Archival Description by Michelle Kaye, Archives Assistant, 29 March 2012. Catalogue edited by Wiebke Redlich, Archives Assistant (Hub), 22 April 2002.