The collection comprises of material relating to the British Naval Franklin Search Expedition, 1850-1855 (leader Richard Collinson)
Francis Skead collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 Francis Skead
- Dates of Creation1849-1852
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionExpedition material (1 volume, 119 leaves)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Francis Skead was born on 9 April 1823 at Chatham, Kent. He was educated at the Royal Naval College at Greenwich, entering the Royal Navy in 1838. He later served in HMS Modeste off the Cape of Good Hope and HMS Starling during the First China War where he gained his first experience in survey work. After passing his master's examination in 1848, he served on the Cape of Good Hope Station from 1848 until 1849.
On his return to England, Skead was appointed second master in HMS Enterprise on the British Naval Franklin Search Expedition, 1850-1855 (leader Richard Collinson), sent by the Admiralty to search for Franklin's missing Northwest passage expedition by way of Bering Strait.
On his return from the Arctic, Skead was appointed master and assistant surveyor to the Cape of Good Hope, serving until 1856 when he succeeded to the charge of the survey. Retiring from active service in the Navy in 1865, he took up the post of harbour master at Port Elizabeth, Cape Colony, a post he held until his retirement in 1889. He died in 1891.
The collection is arranged chronologically
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Anyone wishing to consult material should ensure they note the entire MS reference and the name of the originator.
The term holograph is used when the item is wholly in the handwriting of the author. The term autograph is used when the author has signed the item.
Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Arctic, exploration and development c500 BC to 1915, an encyclopaedia by Clive Holland Garland Publishing, London (1994) and Exploring Polar Frontiers, a historical encyclopaedia by William Mills San Diego and Oxford, 2003 and 'Francis Skead, Hydrographer' by J R Heaton in Africana Notes and News volume 21 number 7 (1975) p281-285 SPRI Library Shelf Pam 92[Skead, Francis] and British polar exploration and research a historical and medallic record with biographies 1818-1999 by Lieutenant Colonel Neville W Poulsom and Rear Admiral John A L Myres, Savannah Publications London (2000) SPRI Library Shelf 737.2
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.
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Further accessions possible