This collection contains the personal papers of Erich and Fanny Walter (née Pilpel) and those of her father Emil Leon Pilpel and sister Charlotte Smith (née Pilpel). The sisters emigrated to England as Jewish refugees from Vienna in 1938 and 1939. Their parents did not manage to flee the country and were deported. Erich Walter, a socialist, was stationed with the Czech Army during the Nazi German occupation of the Czech Republic and managed to emigrate three days before the outbreak of the Second World War.
Included are Fanny Pilpel's birth and marriage certificates, school and university reports, Austrian ID card ('Erkennungskarte'), UK certificate of identity, U.S. Armed Forces ID card, Clerical and Administrative Workers' Union membership card and work references; Charlotte Pilpel's German passport, birth certificate, reference from the Jewish Community of Vienna, medical certificate, work reference and diaries (1935-1943, 1949); family correspondence and photographs; Emil Leon Pilpel's birth certificate and Heimatschein, CV, references and job application for a post in England; and Erich Walter's birth certificate and qualifications, Gestapo certificate of imprisonment and his autobiographical account. Also included is a booklet entitled 'While you are in England - Helpful information and guidance for every refugee' published by the German Jewish Aid Committee and a swastika flag.