Oral History collection: a) Mrs. Annie Davies and b) Joseph Cullen (Side 1) c) Mrs. May Thomas and d) William Jones (Side 2 - NOT AVAILABLE TO THE PUBLIC). (born a) 1881; b) 1902; c) ?, d) ?) interviewed by Unknown about Side 1 - a) Recollections of early life on farms at Pennard (Very poor quality recording), b) Duplicate of TH22. Side 2 - c) Daughter of last miller of Parkmill - memories of father's work in mill; early life/growing up. d) Retired farmer - Lunnon Farm - memories: Parkmill school; village life.

  • This material is held at
  • Reference
      GB 216 TH 57
  • Dates of Creation
      c. 1977
  • Language of Material
  • Physical Description
      1 audio recording

Scope and Content

Track 1. [00:00:07] General: An unidentified female voice introduces Mrs Davies of Pennard, born 1881 (recorded circa 1974). [00:00:17] Community: Mrs Davies describes her birth at Little Highway Farm in Pennard and her family. [00:01:16] Education: Mrs Davies recalls her schooldays in Parkmill. [00:02:24] Agriculture: Describing Little Highway Farm, selling produce. [00:03:51] Education: Leaving Parkmill School and going on to Higher Grade School in Swansea. [00:05:23] Community: What Pennard was like 1890-1900, family links to the Church. [00:06:00] Community: Being questioned by her Mother on Washing day (Monday) about Church attendance the previous day. [00:06:45] Community: How washing was done. [00:07:10] Community: Duties that girls did on Little Highway Farm and memories of a Farmhand. [00:09:04] Community: Recalling the water supply at Little Highway Farm, and watering the livestock. [00:11:03] Community: Filling 'spare' time with crochet, darning and knitting. [00:11:36] Community: Attending dances at special occasions. [00:12:38] Community: Recalling a 'rival' Mrs Williams-Davies who would pinch from their farm. [00:14:56] Community: Taking on Great Southgate Farm when she was newly married. Also ruminations on deaths at that time. [00:18:14] Community: The poor state of the roads on the Gower peninsular, and the history of smuggling in the area. [00:19:56] Transport: No street-lighting and lack of public transport, using pony and trap to get to Swansea. [00:21:01] Community: Weddings in the early 20th century (till recording ends at 24m 29s).

Track 2. [00:00:07] General: Jospeh Cullen, born in Sandfields in 1902, introduces himself. [00:00:28] Community: Memories of the building of the Vetch football ground and the early days of the Swansea football team. [00:01:21] Community: How scenery for the Grand Theatre shows were transported from the Railway Station to the theatre on Sundays. [00:01:50] Community: Activities around the town and the market on Saturdays. [00:02:56] Community: After morning work in the market, afternoon work as a delivery boy. [00:03:15] Community: Mr Cullen recalls the "Coronation of 1910" presumably that of George V in 1911. [00:03:47] Community: Getting a day off from St. David's Catholic School for St. Patrick's Day. [00:04:24] Community: Describing getting up early with his Father to go catching songbirds in Townhill. [00:05:14] Community: Going on long walks along Sketty Road and seeing a Policeman. [00:06:40] Community: Recalling a visit of Adelina Patti to St. David's Catholic School, and the School Choir going to Craig-Y-Nos Castle. [00:07:46] Community: Trips with friends on bicycles and going camping. [00:09:21] Community: The pub in Pwlldu and how the local farms did sheep-dipping. [00:10:28] Community: Packing the tent away and getting it back to Swansea. [00:11:51] Community: The story of the Goose and the sausage and catering whilst they were in Pwlldu. [00:13:42] Community: Seeing Mr Lee Jones making a film of Mumbles and the Gower, which was shown in the area and in the USA. [00:14:42] Community: As a young man, going swimming around the Gower using a friends car. [00:16:12] Community: How small Southgate and Pennard was, and how Mr Cullen came to live there when married. [00:16:40] Community: Mr Cullen describes how he got involved with local politics and government. [00:17:49] Community: How Mr Cullen became a baker in Pennard (till recording ends 18m 32s).

Track 3. [00:00:05] General: An unidentified interviewer introduces Mrs May Thomas of Sunnybank, Parkmill in the Gower. Mrs Thomas's Father was the last Miller in Parkmill. [00:00:16] Community: Mrs Thomas describes her early life and family background, including becoming responsible for running the household at age 11 following the death of her Mother some years earlier. [00:01:37] Community: Grocery shopping and food available at that time. Also kitchen equipment. [00:02:50] Community: The lack of bakers in the area, and methods of domestic cooking. [00:04:45] Community: Methods of doing laundry at that time. [00:05:39] Community: Boilers for hot water, and an outside one used for brewing and the preparation of slaughtered pigs. [00:06:49] Community: The 'festive' atmosphere around the slaughter of a pig and the activities undertaken and pork products made. [00:09:00] Agriculture: Haymaking in the village, including use of 'gambos'. [00:11:01] Industry: Work in the cornmill, including eating 'Water Hens' (Moorhens) at night. [00:12:04] Community: Gamekeepers and shooting parties around Parc-Le-Breos. [00:12:36] Community: Having to open a gate to allow the local big-wig's cars through. [00:13:28] Community: Mrs Thomas recalls people from Swansea visiting Parkmill on daytrips on horse-drawn carriages. [00:15:57] Transport: The early buses around the Gower, including having to get off and walk up Killay Hill. [00:16:21] Education: How children walked for miles to get to Parkmill school. [00:16:38] Community: How children were perceived and treated, including an annual trip to Swansea. [00:17:40] Community: Mrs Thomas recalls the old Police Station and an accident with a Steamroller. [00:18:28] Community: Recalling a heavy fall of snow one winter, and attending her Grandfather's funeral during floods. [00:20:10] Community: Boats going to a woolen mill, said to be haunted. [00:20:38] Community: Recalling Randolp Churchill, Sir Winston Churchill's Son, spending a Summer in Parc-Le-Breos. [00:21:02] Community: Mrs Thomas recalls a flash flood in 1931 (recording ends at 21m 59s).

Track 4. [00:00:01] General: Unknown interviewer introduces Mr Jones, formerly of Lunnon Farm, Parkmill on the Gower. [00:00:05] Community: Mr Jones describes his birth and early life on Lunnon Farm and family background. [00:01:20] Community: What happened to the Farm at the death of his Father in 1930. [00:01:54] Education: Mr Jones recalls his schooldays in Parkmill School, including the largesse of its patron, Lady Lyons of Cilfrew Manor. [00:04:44] Community: Childhood ambitions to be a champion ploughman. [00:05:19] Education: Completing school at 13 and the destinies of his school friends. [00:06:30] Community: Mr Jones recalls how he never wanted to leave Lunnon. [00:06:52] Community: Recalling welcoming mains water getting to the village, and provisions for water before that happened. [00:08:45] Community: Recalling the pubs of Parkmill. [00:09:45] Community: The changes to Lunnon, mains water and electric coming in early 1930s and expansion after Second World War. [00:11:14] Community: The building of Latimer Davies's house and Highfield house. [00:11:33] First World War: Avoiding military service during First World War as farming was an exempted occupation. [00:12:00] Transport: Recalling the first motorised bus on Gower and the difficulties that early motorvehicles had negotiating the Gower roads. [00:14:19] Agriculture: The use of horses in agriculture. [00:15:51] Community: Recalling other families in the Lunnon area. [00:16:21] Community: Mr Jones recalls family history in Lunnon Farm. [00:17:05] Agriculture: Mr Jones recalls making hayricks. [00:18:09] Community: Going to Pennard Hall for dancing classes. [00:18:34] Community: How food, provisions and coal were sourced and sold. [00:21:15] Community: How his Mother did laundry and brewed beer. [00:22:44] Community: Mr Jones recalls his neighbours (till recording ends 24m 16s).