Mackenzie, Melville Douglas

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

The collection comprises copies of the papers and photographs of Dr. Melville Douglas Mackenzie, relating to his time as Special Commissioner, League of Nations Mission to the Kru (Kroo) peoples of Liberia, 1931-1932.

Administrative / Biographical History

Melville Douglas Mackenzie was born on 29 June 1889, son of Frederick Lumsden Mackenzie. He was educated at Epsom College and then at the University of London where he obtained a degree in Medicine in 1911. He obtained his Doctorate in 1920 and Diplomas in Tropical Medicine and Hygiene and Tropical Hygiene in the same year, and in 1921 an additional Diploma in Public Health. He married Caroline Faith Mackay in 1934.

During the First World War, he served as a Captain in the Royal Army Medical Corps (1917-1919). He was the Senior Medical Officer to the Russian Famine Relief Administration (1921-1923). In 1926 he joined the Ministry of Health and in 1928 he was invited to join the Health Organisation of the League of Nations. From 1931-1932 he went as the Special Commissioner to the Council of the League of Nations, to pacify and disarm native tribes - the Kru (Kroo) peoples - and fix new boundaries in Liberia. He was also a member of the Advisory Mission to the Liberian General Health Survey. In 1936 he became the Acting Director of the League of Nations Epidemiological Bureau, Singapore and later became Chairman of the European Health Committee of United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Organization (UNRRA). Later in 1946 he was United Kingdom Delegate, with Plenipotentiary Powers, to the World Health Conference in New York. He died on 1 December 1972.


Material has been arranged in chronological order.

Conditions Governing Access


Acquisition Information

Donated in 1991.

Other Finding Aids

Unpublished handlist

Separated Material

Associated Material held elsewhere: Copies of the Mackenzie papers relating to his work with the Russian Famine Relief Administration are held at Friends House Library, Euston Road, London NW1; Correspondence with Lord Lugard held at Oxford University, Rhodes House Library [ref. MSS Lugard].

Conditions Governing Use

No publication without written permission. Apply to archivist in the first instance

Geographical Names