The collection comprises of material written by Tolmachev regarding Arctic exploration including the Russian Scientific Expedition, 1905 (led by Tolmachev) and correspondence
Innokentiy Tolmachev collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 Innokentiy Tolmachev
- Dates of Creation1905-1927
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialRussian.
- Physical DescriptionPapers (20 leaves) and correspondence (3 leaves)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Innokentiy Pavlovich Tolmachev [Tolmachoff] was born in 1872 in Russia. In 1905, he served as leader of the Russian scientific Expedition, sponsored by academician F Schmidt and the Imperial Russian Geographical Society to make topographical and geological surveys of the Khatanga River region, including Khatangskiy Zaliv and the coastal area between the mouths of Khatanga and Anabar Rivers. He returned to the Russian Arctic on the Russian Hydrographic Surveying Expedition, 1909-1910, sent by the Russian government to determine whether there was a navigable sea route for commercial shipping between the Lena River and Bering Strait. Tolmachev was to examine the route between the Kolyma and Bering Strait. Two other expeditions under his general command, but operating independently in the field, were to examine the route from the Lena to the Kolyma and the mouth of and approaches to the Kolyma. Tolmachev reported very favourably on the possibility of commercial shipping between Bering Strait and Kolyma River, and, partly as a result of his report, the steamer Kolyma made its inaugural voyage from Vladivostok to the Kolyma the following year. His account of the expedition Siberian passage an explorer's search into the Russian Arctic was published in 1949.
In 1922, he was appointed curator of invertebrate palaeontology at Carnegie Museum of Natural History, also serving as professor of palaeontology at the University of Pittsburgh. He wrote on a broad range of topics from Siberian geology to Cenozoic foraminifers, publishing sixty-eight articles during his tenure at the museum. Retiring as curator in 1945, he died in 1950.
The collection is split into two sub-fonds comprising of papers and correspondence respectively
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Arctic, exploration and development c500 BC to 1915, an encyclopaedia by Clive Holland, Garland Publishing, London (1994) and Exploring Polar Frontiers, a historical encyclopaedia by William Mills, San Diego and Oxford, 2003 and Carnegie museums
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.
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