Valuation of Fife, 1695

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

A summary, parish by parish, of the valuation of Fife of 1695, giving the names of heritors and the valuation of their lands.

  • Cupar Presbytery: Balmerino, Logie, Kilmany, Flisk, Creich, Abdie, Monimail, Dunbog, Moonzie, Ceres, Collessie, Dairsie, Cults, Strathmiglo, Auchtermuchty, Cupar, Falkland, Kettle, Newburgh.
  • St Andrews Presbytery: Forgan, Leuchars, Newburn, Kemback, Largo, Fernie, St Andrews, Cameron, Dunino, Kingsbarns, Crail, Kilrenny, Anstruther wester, Anstruther easter, Carnbee, Pittenweem, St Monance, Kilconquhar, Elie.
  • Kirkcaldy Presbytery: Scoonie, Markinch, Kennoway, Ballingry, Leslie, Kinglassie, Wemyss, Kinghorn, Auchtertool, Auchterderran, Dysart, Kirkcaldy, Burntisland.
  • Dunfermline Presbytery: Aberdour, Dunfermline, Beath, Saline, Dalgety, Carnock, Crombie, Culross, Inverkeithing.

Administrative / Biographical History

The commissioners of supply were instituted by Act of Convention in 1667 initially to assess and collect the land tax from each landowner, based on the value of their estates. They dealt with many other concerns too on a county-wide basis, including providing a police force and appointing county officials. They were drawn mainly form the landowning class but employed assessors, collectors and clerks each year, usually local people, to do the land valuation. This was carried out each year and was used to calculate the amount of land tax, or cess, to paid to the king, being of a certain proportion for each pound 100 Scots money of land value. It was also used to work out the public burdens, such as schoolmasterÂ’s salary, teinds and stipend for the parish minister, to be paid each year. There were also valuation thresholds for commissioners of supply, freeholders, roads trustees and for commissions in the army, navy and local militia. The minutes of the commissioners consist largely of disjunctions, or apportioning of valuations between lands of the estate of one landowner; he might want each part valued separately in order to create nominal freeholders to gain fictitious votes. The apportionment could be agreed upon by the parties involved and ratified by the commissioners, or an inquiry might need to be held, examining witnesses. The commissioners later became involved with the collection of others taxes, on windows, hearth, carriages, horses, servants and property. The commissioners continued to exercise their various roles until the institution of county councils in 1889. The following year saw the last intervention of the commissioners in the land tax.

Arrangement

Single item

Conditions Governing Access

By appointment with the Keeper of Manuscripts. Access to records containing confidential information may be restricted.

Acquisition Information

Formerly in the University Muniment Room.

Note

Call number used to be ms4019

Other Finding Aids

Individual Manuscripts and Small Collections database available as part of Manuscripts Database.

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

Binding: embossed calf. Valuation of Fifeshire 1695 in gold on spine.Paper: 15x19.5cm

Archivist's Note

Description compiled by Maia Sheridan, Archives Hub project archivist, based on material from the Manuscripts Database

Conditions Governing Use

Applications for permission to quote should be sent to the Keeper of Manuscripts. Reproduction subject to usual conditions: educational use and condition of documents.

Custodial History

Property of Archibald Constable of Edinburgh in 1801, with his signature.

Accruals

None

Related Material

St Andrews University: GB227 msDA880.F4C94: Book of the Valuation of Fife, 1695; GB227 msDA880.C95: Rental of the heritors of the parishes of Fife, 1695.

Geographical Names