Report Books of John Graham, Stockton and Darlington Railway Employee

Scope and Content

Report books are written by John Graham for the Stockton and Darlington Railway Committee. Most reports are initialled or signed by one of the Directors such as Edward Pease, Joseph Pease, Joseph Pease Jr, John Pease, Jonathan Backhouse, Henry Pease and Henry Stobart. The reports give details of incidents on the line including fines issued and damage incurred.

Administrative / Biographical History

John Graham became the Head Underground Overlooker at Heaton Colliery. He was appointed Traffic Superintendant of the Stockton and Darlington Railway 1831-1849. He held the position of Mining Engineer for the Pease family collieries whilst he worked for the Stockton and Darlington Railway.


Single item.

Conditions Governing Access

Access is given in accordance with the NRM access policy. Material from this archive is available to researchers through the Search Engine reading room.

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Contact details:

Address: Search Engine, National Railway Museum, Leeman Road, York, YO26 4XJ.


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Acquisition Information

Purchased by the Science Museum from Orion Booksellers Ltd in 1943 and transferred to the National Railway Museum, 2005.

Other Finding Aids

Alternative Form Available

Transcript available (some pages missing).

Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

Four leather covered volumes, each 19 x 11.5 cm or less. Good condition.

Archivist's Note

Description prepared by Alison Kay (Project Archivist), December 2010. The qualifier ‘Stockton and Darlington Railway Employee’ has been added to Graham, John to distinguish him with others of the same name.

Created by Jane Ronson (Archives Hub team) using the Archives Hub EAD Editor, January 2015.

Conditions Governing Use

Copies may be supplied of items in the archive, provided that the copying process used does not damage the item or is not detrimental to its preservation. Copies will be supplied in accordance with the NRM’s terms and conditions for the supply and reproduction of copies, and the provisions of any relevant copyright legislation.

Custodial History

John Graham’s report books are part of a large artificial collection that has been split up. Material originated from the private collection of John Phillamore. Phillamore was a Motoring Correspondent for The Times, he collected various material relating to railways including prints, drawings, books, archival documents and pottery. Phillamore died in 1940, his collection was offered for sale at Southerby’s auctioneers in 1942 and bought en bloc by Orion Booksellers Ltd. In 1943 parts of the original collection was offered for sale again at Sotherby’s by Orion Booksellers, the collection was split up and sold to several parties. John Graham’s report books along with some other items were part of an unsold lot. Orion Booksellers Ltd subsequently sold unsold items including John Graham’s report books to the Science Museum, London in 1943.


None expected.

Related Material

Related units of description in NRM archives, listed by Inventory number:

For objects, images and general printed material relating to the Stockton and Darlington Railway and other early railways please contact the NRM.

1934-706 - [Ms. draft letter, 1829 (Nov.?), to the Liverpool and Manchester Railway Board / T. Hackworth. 4p. on 1 leaf. Letter refers to the Rainhill Trials. Because 'on a recent occasion the Locomotive Engine Sans Pareil failed in performing the task assigned to her by the Judges', he now writes to the Board detailing excellent subsequent results in testing. On SM negs. 456-9/89].

1945-108 - Manuscript notebook belonging to JU Rastrick used to record details of the Rainhill locomotive trials, 1829.

1901-125 - Sheet of drawings of early locomotives on the Stockton & Darlington Railway.

1924-159 - Collection of 166 original working drawings on cartridge paper, some with water colour wash, (1825-1869) showing the evolution of the locomotive by Robert Stephenson & Co. Ltd. during the working lifetime of Robert Stephenson. These drawings were preserved by the firm as the core of their historic collection, and transferred to the Science Museum in 1924. They were treated as separate from the firm's historic business records. Locomotives depicted include Locomotion, Rocket, Invicta, Planet etc. Companies include the Liverpool & Manchester, Stockton & Darlington, Mohawk & Hudson, Nurmeburg Furth, South Carolina, Marseilles-Avignon, London & North Western and Great Western Railways.

1934-696 - [Letter] 1828 Jul 7, Liverpool [to] Timothy Hackworth, Railway Office, Darlington / Rob. Stephenson. [2p. on 1 leaf. Letter refers to rumours, 'not favorable to the Locomotive Engs.', which had reached the Directors of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. He asks if there is any sound basis for the statement that horses were beating the engines off the Stockton and Darlington line. On SM negs. 429-31/89].

1934-697 - [Letterpress copy letter] 1829 Feb 3, Stourbridge [to] Tim[oth]y Hackworth, New Sheldon, near West Auckland, Durham / John U Rastrick. [2p. on 1 leaf. Requests details of costs of keeping Stockton and Darlington locomotive engines in repairs for one year 'and for particulars of the coal and water consumed during an experiment with the Royal George', and 'the No. of each of your Locomotive Engines - with the Men's Names who work them, that I may know ... one from the other'. He makes passing reference to Nicholas Wood at Killingworth, and mentions 'American Gentlemen' and tests carried out for them on Hackworth's engine between Stockton and Darlington. Mention is made of a set of wrought iron tyres which had been used at Killingworth for nine months without perceptible wear. The letter was written while Rastrick was preparing his report to the Directors of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway].

1934-708 - [Ms. notebook of Timothy Hackworth, 1827 Sept-1828 Sept. Contains notes of happenings on the Stockton and Darlington Railway in its early days. It records that the Royal George locomotive (the only one with a name at that time) started work on 29 Nov 1827 and broke down on 13 Dec. Also that No.1 locomotive (afterwards known as Locomotion) exploded at Aycliffe Lane while taking in water on 1 Jul 1828, killing its driver, John Cree. Inside cover bears name 'James Dixon, Darlington'. Bears some later notes, post Hackworth's death, by subsequent owner].

1934-709 - Drawings of three locomotives on the Stockton & Darlington Railway, 1831. (large blue print 27"x 35" and Photograph of tracing, 12" x 10").

1992-235 - [Letter, 1825?, to] Joseph Pease Jr/George Stephenson [and] Thomas Storey. [Confirms that arrangements have been made for staffing of the engines, supplying coal etc. for the imminent opening (of the Stockton and Darlington Railway). Postscript by Stephenson apologises for being unable "to leave here tonight". Watermarked 1824.]

1998-179 - [Commonplace books (4) of an unknown engineer. 1825-1837. The engineer was probably from the Stockton area of north-east England. The books include excerpts from and notes on books on engineering, and notes on specific aspects of engineering (and bear a few illustrations). They chiefly include notes and chronological entries on specific engineering projects: Liverpool & Manchester, Stockton & Darlington, Darlington & Middlesborough Railways, with details of all the bridges of the first-named; the suspension bridge over the Tees; the Norwich & Lowestoft Navigation, etc. /3 contains much detailed information on work on the Tees Navigation 1828-30. /4 is chiefly a diary of a tour of iron works etc in Wales].

1998-11437 - Shildon Collection: Collection of plans of the equipment and layout of the new works at the Stockton & Darlington Railway Company, Darlington, 1849-1865.

1998-11437/10 - Plan, hand drawn and colored, annotated, of Stockton & Darlington Railway bracket for turning shop shafting engine works valve.

1999-8292 - Manuscript diary of Alfred Kitching, director of (and contractor to) the Stockton & Darlington Railway. Includes an account of the opening day of the Weardale extension railway, management decisions relating to the SDR, and the non-railway activities of the author, especially relating to Quaker meetings and his work for a local building society in County Durham. An earlier diary volume is in Durham County Record Office (ref D/Ki 107)

2000-8042 - Collection of engineering drawings from Gateshead (York Newcastle & Berwick Railway (YNBR), North Eastern Railway (NER)) and Darlington (Stockton & Darlington Railway (SDR), North Eastern Railway (NER), London & North Eastern Railway (LNER), British Railways (BR)) Works. Gateshead drawings were transferred to Darlington c1863 where the consecutive numbering system was continued in the drawing register (2000-8043).

2002-7450 - Colour-washed Indian ink drawing on paper showing the RH side elevation of a Timothy Hackworth-designed Stockton & Darlington Railway 0-6-0 double tender steam locomotive. Locomotive is unidentified on the front of the original drawing but the name "Magnet" has been lightly pencilled in on the boiler side. The back is marked "Locomotive No. 24 "Magnet." Almost certainly drawn by Thomas McNay.

2004-7398 - Plan and section of the proposed Stockton & Darlington Railway, 1822, mounted on board, 3015mm x 1140mm.

2004-7670 - Newspaper, 'The Morning Herald', 4th October 1825, containing report of the opening of the Stockton & Darlington Railway, in double-glazed frame, 840mm x 590mm.

2004-8245 - Drawing, Stockton & Darlington Railway dandy cart.

2005-7137 - Letter from a 14-year-old John Backhouse to his sister in London, describing the opening train on the Stockton & Darlington Railway 27th September 1825. Above the letter text is Backhouse's pencil sketch of the train, with numbers to identify the various wagon and carriages described in the body of the letter.

2005-7400 - Material relating to Timothy Hackworth and his family, including John Wesley Hackworth's Russian passport, drawing of the locomotive for Russia, Stockton & Darlington account book, copy of Timothy Hackworth's will, etc. Letter, paper, autograph, John Dixon (Darlington) to Zerah Colburn (London), 28 February 1863. Discussing at length steam tests and experiments on the Stockton & Darlington Railway using "our powerful modern engines used in the Mineral Department." Mentions that he is too old to ride on the locomotives himself but that his instructions are being carried out by William Bouch. 6 sides.

2010-7055 - Letters, paper, Henry Pease Correspondence, 1846-1876. 37 items, mainly letters to Henry Pease of the Stockton & Darlington Railway and later Vice-chairman of the NER and organiser of the NER's Jubilee celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the S&DR in 1875. Letters concern the 1875 celebrations, land for the S&DR expansion to Saltburn, NER affairs, Pease's private business etc. Correspondents include Thomas MacNay of the S&DR, and Henry Newton and Thomas Sopwith with memoirs of early railways.

2010-7256 - Manuscript in school exercise book, paper with card covers, James Biott, Trip to London, August 1862. Record of the Stockton & Darlington Railway's Artizans' Trip from Shildon and Darlington to London, to see the International Exhibition. The trip departed on 20 August. Henry Pease offered a prize for the best essay, and this manuscript is presumably Biott's entry. Biott was a joiner and surveyor from New Shildon. The ssay consists of descriptions of the journey to London (including a passage on York), Woolwich, the British Museum, St. Paul's Cathedral, St. Stephen's New Church Paddington, and over 14 pages on the animals in the Regent's Park Zoological Gardens, followed by brief entries on a few other buidlings. Illustrated with drawings of the Thames Tunnel entrance, Holford House, middle arch of New London Bridge, the General Post Office, and Somerset House. Last entry is dated Thursday 25th August. Loose in the front is a handbill announcing the trip and competition and 3 passes to the Arcades at the exhibition. [It is assumed that Biott did not win a prize, as the competition required observations on the exhibits at the International Exhibition.]

1945-99 - [Manuscript (4p.)] Observations on the intended Rail or Tram way from Stockton by Darlington to the Collieries near Auckland &c proj[ecte]d in 1819 - & which was intended to pass thro Lord Darlington's Estates in the Co[unt]y of D[urha]m. [Bears note under title 'This Line was aft[erwar]ds aband[one]d'. Probably the copy of Francis Mewburn, solicitor to the Stockton and Darlington Railway Company. Signed 'Willm. Stobart, Thos. Fenwick, Bishop Auckland Feby. 23rd 1819'].

2008-8919 - Letter of resignation, from George Graham, assistant locomotive superintendent who at the age of 67 years is handing in his resignation because of failing health and advancing year, he entered service with the Stockton and Darlington Railway in 1844 and has since had 50 years service with the company, November 1893.

2008-7553 - Letter, Stockton and Darlington Railway, regarding the application for a free ticket, signed by George Stephenson, 1841.

Related units of description elsewhere, listed by Repository:

The National Archives, Kew, Richmond, TW94DU, England. Tel: 020 8876 3444 Web:

Series RAIL 667, 1021 contain records re the Stockton and Darlington Railway. Other records re Stockton and Darlington Railway are contained within RAIL and other departmental series.

Durham County Record Office, County Hall, Durham, DH1 5UL, England. Tel: 0191 383 3253, Email:, Web:

Stockton and Darlington Railway, 1818-1925: reports, memoranda, corresp, papers, printed anniversary items, 1832-1849: minutes, c1818-71: papers.

Durham University Library, Archives and Special Collections: Palace Green Section, Palace Green, Durham, DH1 3RN, England. Tel: 0191 334 2972, Email:, Web:

Stockton and Darlington 1850-57: corresp of directors and officers (47 letters).

British Library, Manuscript Collections, 96 Euston Road, London, NW1 2DB, England. Tel: 020 7412 7513, Email:, Web:

Stockton and Darlington Railway 1834-42: (copy) accounts for running expenses.

Stockton-on-Tees Museum Administration, Billingham Art Gallery, Billingham, TS18 1YB, England. Tel: 01642 415 382, Email:

Stockton and Darlington Railway 1810-63: misc records, photographs, ephemera.

Location of Originals

Not applicable.


For further publications see the NRM’s library catalogue

  • The history of the first public railway : (Stockton & Darlington) the opening day, and what followed / edited by M. Heavisides. Stockton-on-Tees : Heavisides & Son, 1912.
  • [S.l.] : Transport Museums, 1976. The beginnings of the Stockton & Darlington Railway : people and documents, 1813-25 : a celebratory note / by P. L. Cottrell and G. Ottley. Leicester : Leicester University Press, 1975.
  • Emett, Charlie. The Stockton & Darlington Railway : 175 years / Charlie Emett. Stroud : Sutton, 2000.
  • Holmes, P. J. (Peter John), 1929- The Stockton and Darlington Railway, 1825-1975 / by P. J. Holmes. Ayr : First Avenue Publishing, [1975?].
  • Kirby, M. W. The origins of railway enterprise : the Stockton and Darlington Railway, 1821-1863 / Maurice W. Kirby. Cambridge ; New York, NY, USA : Cambridge University Press, 1993.
  • McDougall, C. A. The Stockton & Darlington Railway, 1821-1863 / by C. A. McDougall. Durham : Durham County Council, 1975.
  • Pearce, T. R. (Tom R.), 1920- The locomotives of the Stockton & Darlington Railway / T. R. Pearce. [Southwell : Historical Model Railway Society, c1996].
  • Pearce, T. R. (Tom R.), 1920- The early locomotives of the Stockton & Darlington Railway / T. R. Pearce. [S.l.] : North East Coast Institution of Engineers and Shipbuilders, 1988.
  • Proud, John H. The chronicle of the Stockton & Darlington Railway to 1863 / John H. Proud. [Hull] : North Eastern Railway Association, 1998.
  • Semmens, P. W. B. (Peter William Brett) The Stockton & Darlington Railway : its construction, opening and historical significance / by Peter W. B. Semmens. [S.l.] : Transport Museums, 1976.
  • Semmens, P. W. B. (Peter William Brett) Exploring the Stockton & Darlington Railway / by P. W. B. Semmens. Newcastle upon Tyne : Frank Graham, 1975.
  • Tweddell, George Markham, b. 1832 The history of the Stockton and Darlington Railway : and its various branches, from its commencement to the present time / by George Markham Tweddell. Stokesley : Tweddell and Sons, 1869-1870.
  • Wall, John, 1928- First in the world : the Stockton & Darlington Railway / John Wall. Stroud, Gloucestershire : Sutton Publishing, 2001.