The Robbins Committee was appointed by the Government in 1961 to review the pattern of full-time higher education in Great Britain and to advise on what principles its long-term development should be based. One of its recommendations, published in the Robbins Report (1963), was that colleges should have independent governing bodies. A study group on the Government of Colleges of Education was subsequently established in January 1965 under the chairmanship of Mr T. R. Weaver, Deputy Under-Secretary of State at the Department of Education and Science, and included representatives from the Association of Teachers in Colleges and Departments of Education (ATCDE).
The Weaver Report was published in March 1966 and after much consultation and preparation its recommendations were presented to Parliament in the Government of Colleges of Education Bill in November 1967. The purpose of the Education Bill was to make provision for the constitution and conduct of governing bodies for educational establishments maintained and administered by local education authorities, and thereby assist colleges of education towards greater self-government in their development and financial control.
The Government of Colleges of Education Bill was passed in May 1968 and came into force on the 1 April 1969 as the Education (No. 2) Act 1968.