Winburg Concentration Camp

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Five photographs of Winburg Concentration Camp, Orange River Colony, SouthAfrica, taken by Hermann Oppenheim on 15th April 1902.

Administrative / Biographical History

In order to counteract the guerilla policy of the Boers during the South African War, Lord Kitchener adopted a number of new strategies, including the systematic destruction of Afrikaner farmsteads and the placing of women and children in concentration camps. These were erected between 1900 and 1902. However, the British military authorities were unprepared to accommodate the influx of such large numbers of people, and the inadequate food and medical supplies resulted in the deaths of over 26,000 in the camps. A visit from the British humanitarian, Miss Emily Hobhouse, a delegate of the South African Women and Children's Distress Fund to the Orange Free State camps, followed by the Fawcett Commission at the end of 1901, eventually led to an improvement in the camp system.

There were around 50 concentration camps situated in the Transvaal, Orange Free State, Natal and Cape Colony. Winburg camp was erected in Orange Free State in 1901.

Conditions Governing Access

Bodleian reader's ticket required

Note

Collection level description created by Paul Davidson, Bodleian Library of Commonwealth and African Studies at Rhodes House.

Other Finding Aids

The library holds a card index of all manuscript collections in its reading room.

Conditions Governing Use

No reproduction or publication of personal papers without permission. Contact the library in the first instance.