The collection comprises of material relating to the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 (Senior commander Charles Wilkes).
George Clark collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 George Clark
- Dates of Creation1841-1842
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionExpedition material
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
George W Clark served on the United States Exploring Expedition, 1838-1842 (Senior commander Charles Wilkes) as midshipman onboard the sloop of war Vincennes, later transferring to the Peacock. With a fleet of six vessels, the expedition was commissioned on a world voyage of hydrography and exploration that included forays into the Southern Ocean. On 19 January 1840 Clarke onboard Peacock was one of several to sight land on Antarctica. The expedition was the first to delineate a substantial length of Antarctic coastline, enough to establish that immediately behind lay a landmass of continental size. The published charts of the expedition were the earliest to use the term Antarctic Continent. After the expedition Clark achieved the rank of passed midshipman in 1844 and resigned from the Navy in 1846.
The collection is arranged chronologically.
Some materials deposited at the Institute are NOT owned by the Institute. In such cases the archivist will advise about any requirements imposed by the owner. These may include seeking permission to read, extended closure, or other specific conditions.
Anyone wishing to consult material should ensure they note the entire MS reference and the name of the originator.
The term holograph is used when the item is wholly in the handwriting of the author. The term autograph is used when the author has signed the item.
Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Voyage to the Southern Ocean, letters of Lieutenant William Reynolds ed A Hoffman Cleaner and E Jeffrey Stam, Tri-Service Press, Shrewsbury (1998) ISBN 0870213008 SPRI library (7) 91(08) [1838-1842] and Magnificent Voyagers H J Violan and C Margolis, Smithsonian Institute, Press, Washington (1985) SPRI library (7) 91 (08) and Encyclopaedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans ed. Bernard Stonehouse, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester (2002) ISBN 0471986658 SPRI Library (7) and Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events,(1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue. Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.
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Further accessions possible.