Papers of Eric C. Claxton

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Records on new towns, especially Stevenage, 1943-1990, and files on transport, roads, cycling, etc., in established towns, 1964-1978; correspondence and subject files relating to traffic, road systems, road safety, accident prevention, those with disabilities, air pollution, etc., 1944-1990, including much correspondence etc., with the Countryside Commission, 1968-1978, with cycling organisations, including papers of the British Cycling Bureau (to which Claxton became consultant in 1972), 1960-1986, and with the International Federation of Pedestrians, 1965-1984; articles and papers by Claxton, 1966-1983, printed matter and press cuttings.

Administrative / Biographical History

Eric Charles Claxton (1909-1993), O.B.E., B.Sc., C.Eng., F.I.C.E., initially worked as a bridge engineer for Surrey County Council, which exonerated him from military service during the 1939-1945 war. However, he played a leading role with the emergency services and founded the Casualties Union. Later he joined the staff of the Stevenage Development Corporation for more than 25 years, becoming Chief Engineer. He was much involved with the creation of the new town of Stevenage in the 1950s and 1960s, and his ideas on road safety and the segregation of the cyclist and pedestrian from the traffic aroused great interest overseas; hence he was a frequent speaker at conferences and meetings both here and abroad. After his retirement in 1972, he still continued to devote much of his time to the special needs of cyclists and pedestrians as viable elements in efficient mobile traffic systems until well into the 1980s.

Arrangement

The Modern Records Centre uses a classification scheme. For further details of the scheme, see http://www.warwick.ac.uk/services/library/mrc/mrcclass.shtml. It is compatible with ISAD(G): General International Standard Archival Description (2000).

Conditions Governing Access

There are no restrictions on access to these papers.

Acquisition Information

This collection was deposited in the Centre by the National Cycle Archive, 2 August 1995.

Other Finding Aids

A copy of this collection-level description is available in paper format in the Centre's searchroom. A box list is also available in the Centre's searchroom.

Authority records exist for Eric Charles Claxton (GB 152 AAR2247), Stevenage Development Corporation (GB 152 AAR2250), Royal Society for the Prevention of Accidents (GB 152 AAR1981), Countryside Commission (GB 152 AAR2251), Dartington Amenity Research Trust (GB 152 AAR2252), British Cycling Bureau (GB 152 AAR2006), International Federation of Pedestrians (GB 152 AAR2253), and Casualties Union (GB 152 AAR2254) .

Conditions Governing Use

There are no restrictions on the use of this archive, apart from the requirements of copyright law.

Appraisal Information

This collection has been rigorously weeded of printed matter available elsewhere and of duplicates.

Accruals

Further deposits are not expected.

Related Material

See also other deposits by the National Cycle Archive (MSS.328)

Geographical Names