Papers of Henry Pelham and documents relating to the Byfleet estate, Surrey, 1714-1828

Scope and Content

This is a small mixed collection, consisting of papers relating to Henry Pelham and also to the manor of Byfleet, Surrey. The Henry Pelham papers include several appointments, for example as Deputy Lieutenant of Middlesex or as Secretary at War, papers relating to his period as Paymaster General and two letters, including one from his brother, the 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne. The Byfleet papers include a letter from the 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne to some of his former Byfleet tenants, a bond of the Duke of York and a release and indemnity relating to the manor.

Administrative / Biographical History

Henry Pelham (1696-1754), son of Thomas, 1st Baron Pelham, and brother of Thomas Pelham-Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle under Lyne, was a politician and statesman. He held office as Secretary at War, Paymaster of the Forces, First Lord of the Treasury, Chancellor of the Exchequer and was the equivalent of First Minister (or Prime Minister).

The Crown lease of the manor of Byfleet in Surrey was assigned to Henry, Earl of Lincoln in 1720. The manor remained in the family until 1789 when it was sold, along with other Surrey properties, to H.R.H. Frederick Augustus, Duke of York and Albany, by Henry Pelham-Clinton, 2nd Duke of Newcastle under Lyne.


The material is arranged by series, in chronological order.

Access Information

Accessible to all registered readers.

Other Finding Aids

Copyright in all Finding Aids belongs to the University of Nottingham.

In the Reading Room, King's Meadow Campus: Typescript catalogue, 6 pp

On the World Wide Web:

Online catalogue accessible through the Manuscripts and Special Collections website.

Conditions Governing Use

Photocopies and photographic copies can be supplied for educational use and private study purposes only, depending on the condition of the documents.

Identification of copyright holders of unpublished material is often difficult. Permission to make any published use of any material from the collection must be sought in advance in writing from the Keeper of Manuscripts and Special Collections (email

Custodial History

The papers were acquired in 1986 via the British Records Association from Messrs Farrer and Company, solicitors, of Lincoln's Inn Fields, London.

Related Material

Newcastle (Clumber) Collection (reference: Ne), especially the papers of Henry Pelham (Ne C 36-2225)

Other Henry Pelham collections are listed on the National Register of Archives


Geographical Names