H E S Simmons Collection

  • This material is held at
  • Reference
      GB 3132 HESS
  • Dates of Creation
  • Name of Creator
  • Language of Material
  • Physical Description
      1 box of research notes and 7 albums of postcards

Scope and Content

Photographs of UK windmills and watermills on postcards.

Research notes on mills, both originals and photocopies produced by the Science Museum.

Administrative / Biographical History

H E S Simmons (1901-1973) was from Sussex and worked at the Ministry of Defence. He toured Britain extensively from the 1930s onwards, photographing and recording mills. His aim was to put in writing everything to do with mills in the British Isles, and he amassed a vast collection of material. He produced and sold postcards of his mill photos. For a longer biography of H E S Simmons, see the Profiles section of our website.

Conditions Governing Access

Available to all readers by appointment at The Mills Archive, Reading. We are open Monday to Friday from 10am-3pm.

Archivist's Note

Collection level description revised by Nathanael, May 2012.

Conditions Governing Use

Printed and high resolution copies of photographs can be made available, subject to a charge. Please see our website for details.

Copyright restrictions may apply.

Custodial History

As Simmons sold many copies of his postcards, many individuals have donated Simmons postcards to the Mills Archive as part of their collections. Where these have been identified they have been removed and brought together in the H E S Simmons Collection to reduce duplication. The majority came from the Stephen Buckland Collection and Frank W Gregory Collection.

The research notes were donated by Ken Kirsopp.


Further material may be added.

Related Material

H E S Simmons's large collection of mill research was donated to the Science Museum Library in 1974. The photographs from this collection are now held by the English Heritage Archive (Ref. No. SIM01) and the other material remains at the Science Museum.

A three volume collection of Simmons's newspaper cuttings is at the Hove Reference Library.