Scope and Content

Susan Lushington (1870-1953), was the youngest daughter of Vernon and Jane Lushington. After her father's death she moved to Kingsley just over the Surrey border in Hampshire. There she established herself as a rather eccentric, somewhat formidable, but much loved personality. She lived an extremely active and varied life, taking part in musical pursuits of all types and was awarded the MBE in 1943. She never married.


7854/4/1/1 DIARIES OF SUSAN LUSHINGTON, 1882-1917

7854/4/1/2 FAMILY ENGAGEMENT DIARIES, 1883-1940
The family wrote details of their activities in engagement diaries. These mostly relate to their London home at 36 Kensington Square. They were initially kept by Jane Lushington, but after her death were mostly written by Susan Lushington.


This collection of correspondence from Vernon Lushington to his youngest daughter Susan is spread over sixteen years. It provides an important record of Vernon Lushington's life after his retirement as a County Court Judge as well as the activities and travels of Susan. In the early years of the 20th century, Vernon and Susan Lushington moved from Pyports, Cobham to Kingsley, Hants, which had formerly been the home of Vernon's unmarried sisters, Frances (d.1900) and Alice (d.1903). Whilst moving to Kingsley, Lushington kept up his London house at 36 Kensington Square. Towards the end of his life Vernon Lushington made regular visits to Bath for the benefit of his health and it was at Bath that he died. The letters have been listed in date order but those which have no year date, and which cannot be dated by any specific references in their content, are listed together at the end. Items 685-695 are letters from Jane Lushington to her daughters.

Vernon Lushington died on 24 January 1912 at 36 Kensington Square, London. These letters are mainly acknowledgements of gifts sent to family and friends after his death.

Katherine Lushington was born in 1867. In 1890 she married Leopold James Maxse. Their engagement took place at Talland House, Cornwall, where they were staying with the Stephen family. The Maxse family home was at Dunley Hill, Effingham, near Dorking and Kitty and Leo had a London home at 25 Montpelier Square. Leo was the editor of the 'National Review' who offices were at 23 Ryder Street, St James', London. Kitty died in 1922. Nos. 7854/4/4/52-55 relate to the Stephen family, Virginia Woolf, and the beginnings of the Bloomsbury Group. There is no item ref. 7854/4/4/82. Nos. 7854/4/4/130-148 are letters of sympathy to Susan Lushington on the death of Kitty Maxse. Kitty's handwriting is difficult to read, particularly in her later years.

Margaret Lushington was born in 1869. In 1895 she married Stephen Massingberd of Gunby Hall, Lincolnshire. She died in 1906. 7854/4/5/7 to 7854/4/5/35 were all packaged together and labelled by Susan Lushington 'Margaret's letters 1895'. 7854/4/5/164a-b, addressed to Kitty Lushington, has been included as it was with two other letters from Margaret in Germany.

Margaret Lushington married Stephen Massingberd in 1895. She died in 1906.


7854/4/7/1 BEATRICE LUSHINGTON, 1898-1912
Beatrice Anne Lushington, nee Shore, was Godfrey Lushington's wife

Edward Harbord Lushington (1822-1904), eldest son of Dr Stephen Lushington. Financial Secretary to the Government of India and Treasurer of Guy's Hospital. Lived at Brackenhurst, Cobham, Surrey

7854/4/7/3 FRANCES LUSHINGTON, 1880s-1898
Frances Lushington (born 1827) was a daughter of Stephen Lushington. She and her sister Alice (born 1829) set up home in Kingsley, near Bordon, Hampshire, where they opened the Ockham School. This was one of the first co-educational boarding schools in the country and was established in 1875-1876.

7854/4/7/4 FRANKLIN LUSHINGTON, 1912-1952
Franklin Lushington (1892-1964), son of Sydney George Lushington. Fought in World War I and World War II. Author of 'The Gambardier: giving some account of the heavy and siege artillery in France, 1914-1918' (written under the pen name Mark Severn, 1930) and 'Portrait of a Young Man' (1940), both of which include descriptions of his service in World War I, and 'Cottage in Kyrenia (1952)'. Several of the World War I letters (7854/4/7/4/1-26) are incompletely dated, with a few others having postmarks either obscured or removed. 'Uncle Ste[phen]' and 'Aunt Mabel' are Stephen Lushington (1864-1940) and his wife Mabel Louise (nee Macmullen; d.1950), and 'Uncle Guy' is Guy Lushington (1861-1916); Guy and Stephen were brothers of Franklin's father Sydney (1859-1909). 'Biddy' is Franklin's wife Mary Margaret Bridget (nee Howard; d.1977), whom he married 14 Oct 1916. 'Teddy' is Franklin's younger brother Sydney Edward James Chippindall Lushington (1895-1916).

7854/4/7/5 FRANKLYN LUSHINGTON, 1909-1930
Franklyn de Winton Lushington, vicar of King's Langley, 1928-1934

7854/4/7/6 GODFREY L LUSHINGTON, 1950-1951

Sir Herbert C Lushington, 6th baronet (1879-1968)

7854/4/7/8 HARRY AND ISABEL LUSHINGTON, 1912-1949

7854/4/7/9 LAURA LUSHINGTON, 1909

7854/4/7/10 SYDNEY LUSHINGTON, 1904
Sydney George Lushington (1859-1909) was a son of Edward Harbord Lushington and Susan's cousin.

7854/4/7/11 DR STEPHEN LUSHINGTON, 1927

7854/4/7/12 STEPHEN LUSHINGTON, 1884-1932
Stephen Lushington (1864-1940), son of Edward Harbord Lushington

7854/4/7/13 WILLIAM BRYAN LUSHINGTON, 1883-1886
William Bryan Lushington (b. 1824) was Susan's uncle. He was the second son of Stephen Lushington. Married Augusta Godwin-Austen of Shalford Park. They had one son Philip (b. 1874)

7854/4/7/14 BRIDGET LUSHINGTON, 1923-1949
Mary Marjorie Bridget Howard married Franklin Lushington in 1916. Their son Stephen was born in 1917.


7854/4/8 LETTERS FROM BUTLER FAMILY, 1885-1903
Hester Lushington, a daughter of Sir Stephen Lushington and a sister of Dr Stephen Lushington married Thomas Butler of Bury Lodge, Hambledon, Hants, in 1797. Their daughter Hester married Captain Robert Fitzgerald Gambier RN (1803-1885) in 1838. Gambier was the son of Sir James Gambier (1772-1845) Consul-General in Portugal, 1802-1808. Robert Fitzgerald Gambier was one of the three founders of the Royal Sailors Home, Portsmouth. In his old age Gambier lived at Anglesea Terrace, Alverstoke. The Gambiers were frequent visitors to Ockham Park and there are many references to them in the correspondence of Jane and Vernon Lushington.

Frederic Coape Smith (d. 1882) was the youngest son of the ten children of William Smith, MP (1756-1835). His son Henry Coape-Smith, a Major in the Indian Army, married Marianne Milward. They had five children and divided their lives between Australia, India and England. When they were old enough Marianne brought the children to be educated in England. The children were May, Mona, Ludlow, Ida & Henry. The connection with the Lushington family was through Godfrey Lushington's wife Beatrice Anne who was a grandchild of William Smith, MP. Beatrice's cousins included Barbara Leigh Smith who married Eugene Bodichon, Blanche Mary Shore Smith who married Arthur Hugh Clough, Florence Nightingale and Elinor Bonham Carter who married A A Dicey. Marianne Coape-Smith lived at Faircroft, Between Streets, Cobham for a short period in 1882. [Charlotte Moore's 'Hancox - A House and a Family' (Penguin, 2011), has reference to Marianne Coape-Smith.]

7854/4/10 LETTERS FROM LATHAM FAMILY, 1883-1948
The Latham family were related to the Lushingtons through Harriett Mowatt (1839-1887), a daughter of Francis Mowatt MP (1803-1891) and a sister of Jane Mowatt (1834-1884) the wife of Vernon Lushington. In 1862 Harriet Mowatt married William Latham (1836-1915), a barrister. Hester Latham was known to Susan Lushington as 'Aunt Mare'. The Latham lived for a while at Buff House, Banstead, Surrey.

7854/4/10/1 AGNES LATHAM, c.1900-1921
Agnes Mary Latham (b. 1870) - daughter of William and Harriet Latham, Susan's aunt and uncle. The Lathams lived for a period in the 1860s at 'Montness', Oak Hill Road, Surbiton. Harriet was a sister of Jane Lushington nee Mowatt.

7854/4/10/2 EDITH LATHAM, 1883-1888
Edith Latham (1869-1957) was a daughter of William Latham and Harriett Mowatt. She married John William Watson

7854/4/10/3 HARRIET LATHAM, 1884
Wife of William Latham and sister of Jane Lushington

7854/4/10/4 MARY LATHAM, c.1900

7854/4/10/5 MORTON LATHAM, 1890-1931
Morton Latham (1843-1931) was Secretary of the Bach Choir. He was the brother of William Latham who married Harriett Mowatt, sister of Jane Lushington

7854/4/10/6 PETER LATHAM, 1948

The Montgomerys were an old Irish family. It is not clear how the Lushingtons and the Montgomerys came to know each other but letters from Jane Lushington to her husband show that the relationship was well established by the 1880s. Hugh Ralph Severn Montgomery of Blessingbourne (1821-1844), an unsuccessful suitor of Annabella Milbanks who later married Lord Byron, was the father of Hugh de Fellenberg Montgomery (1844-1924). Hugh was a close friend of Sir Hubert Parry and it appears that the Lushingtons first met Parry at Blessingbourne. Hugh married Mary Sophia Juliana Maude (1841-1928) and they had five sons. The eldest, Hugh ('Hugo') Maude de Fellenberg (1870-1954) married Mary Massingberd of Gunby Hall, Lincolnshire, in 1894. His brother Archibald ('Archie') Amar married Mary's sister Diana Massingberd (1871-1963) in 1896. Archibald took the additional name of Massingberd in 1927. Hugh Montgomery became a prominent Ulster Unionist Party member of the Senate of Northern Ireland from 1922 to 1924. Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd (1871-1947), GCB, GCVO, KCMG, DL, was Chief of the Imperial General Staff, 1933-1936. He served in the Second Boer War and in World War I. His papers are held at the Liddell Hart Centre for Military Archives, King's College, London. Papers of the Montgomery family are held at the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland. The Massingberds were an old Lincolnshire family whose home was at Gunby Hall. Edmund Langton (d. 1875) married Emily Caroline Massingberd (d. 1897) and adopted his wife?s surname. Edmund's mother was Catherine Darwin, sister of Charles Darwin. Edmund and Emily had three children, Mildred (1868-1941) who married Leonard Darwin in 1900; Mary (1871-1950) who married Hugh Montgomery; Diana (1871-1963) who married Archibald Montgomery; and Stephen who, in 1895, married Vernon Lushington's daughter Margaret (1869-1906). The Massingberd's London home was a few doors away from the Lushingtons at 42 Kensington Square. Stephen Massingberd was on the staff of the Royal Statistical Society, and the editor of its journal until 1898. At the marriage of Stephen and Margaret in St Andrew's Church, Cobham, a young Ralph Vaughan Williams (a second cousin of Stephen Massingberd) played the organ both before and after the service. The honeymoon was spent at The Grove, Cambridge, homes of Charles Darwin's widow. (See Cobham Parish Magazine, August 1895, pp.3-4). Papers of the Massingberd family are held at Lincolnshire Archives.

7854/4/11/1 STEPHEN MASSINGBERD, 1904-1924
Stephen Massingberd (1869-1925). Husband of Margaret Lushington and brother of Diana Massingberd. The letters cover Massingberd's service with the Lincolnshire Regiment prior to and during the First World War.

Charlotte Mildred Massingberd (1868-1940) married Leonard Darwin (1850-1943), son of Charles Darwin, in 1900. For letters after her marriage see 7854/4/21/1/1-3.

Diana Langton Massingberd (1872-1963) was the daughter of Emily Caroline Langton Massingberd (1847-1897) of Gunby Hall (a women's rights campaigner and temperance activist, who founded the Pioneer Club in 1892 for the political and moral advancement of women), and who was eldest daughter of Charles Langton Massingberd of Gunby Hall and Harriet Anne Langford. Emily Massingberd married Edward Langton ([1840]-1879) in 1867. Diana was the youngest sister of Stephen Massingberd. Diana married Sir Archibald Amar Montgomery (1871-1947) in 1896 and when in 1926 she inherited the Gunby family estates, Sir Archibald changed his name by Royal Licence to Montgomery-Massingberd. Rather surprisingly, Diana's letters of the early 1940s do not mention her husband Archie's fight with the Ministry of Defence against plans to demolish Gunby Hall to build an airfield, or their subsequent decision to present the property to the National Trust (which took place in 1944), although there is a gap in the letters between 1943 and 1946 in which either subject may have been commented on; probable National Trust visitors are mentioned in a letter of 18 Jul 1948 and the Trust itself in a letter dated 3 Nov 1948. 'Peter', who appears quite frequently in her letters, appears to have been her nephew Peter Montgomery (see letter dated 24 Nov 1942). Several envelopes of the 1940s have different dates and postmarks from their contents, indicating wartime reuse.

Field Marshal Sir Archibald Amar Montgomery-Massingberd (1871-1947). Married Diana Langton Massingberd in 1896 and changed his name to Montgomery-Massingberd when his wife inherited the Gunby Hall estate in Lincolnshire in 1926. His father Hugh Montgomery (1844-1924), rebuilt Blessingbourne House, on the family's estate near Fivemiletown, County Tyrone. It was completed in 1874 and the architect was Frederick Pepys Cockerell. These letters to Susan Lushington are from Captain Archibald Montgomery on active service in South Africa, where he served in the Royal Field Artillery. For letters to Susan written during World War I, see 7854/4/39/1/49/-.

7854/4/11/5 ANNE [MONTGOMERY], 1936
Anne Montgomery, born 1903, daughter of Maj-Gen. Hugh Maude de Fellenberg Montgomery (1870-1954)

Elizabeth Langton Montgomery (1900-1965), daughter of Major-Gen. Hugh Maude de Fellenberg Montgomery. In 1926 she married David Erik de Montgomery of the Swedish Diplomatic Service (died 1934). Their son was Carl de Montgomery, barrister and artist (died 1967).

7854/4/11/7 GRACE MONTGOMERY, 1942
Died 1951. Wife of Sir Charles Hubert Montgomery (1876-1942) whom she married in 1914.

7854/4/11/8 HUBERT MONTGOMERY, 1898
Sir Charles Hubert Montgomery (1876-1942), diplomat

Maj-Gen. Hugh Maude de Fellenberg Montgomery (1870-1954)

7854/4/11/10 HUGH DE FELLENBERG MONTGOMERY, 1890-1908
The writer of these letters is probably the Rt Hon Hugh de Fellenberg Montgomery (1844-1924)

7854/4/11/11 MARY MONTGOMERY [NEE MAUDE], 1890s]
Mary Montgomery (d. 1928), wife of Rt Hon Hugh de Fellenberg Montgomery (1844-1924). She was daughter of the Rev John Maude, rector of Enniskillen.

Probably Mary Montgomery (d. 1950), wife of Maj-Gen. Hugh Maude de Fellenberg Montgomery (1870-1954), and sister of Diana Montgomery-Massingberd

7854/4/11/13 PETER MONTGOMERY, 1930s-1946
Captain Peter Stephen Montgomery (1909-1988), son of Maj-Gen. Hugh Maude de Fellenberg Montgomery (1870-1954).

7854/4/12 LETTERS FROM MAXSE FAMILY, 1890-1952
In 1890 Vernon Lushington's eldest daughter Katherine ('Kitty') married Leopold James Maxse (1864-1932) at St Andrew's Church, Cobham. Leopold, or 'Leo' as he was known to his family and friends, was the son of Admiral Frederick Augustus Maxse (1833-1900) who had a distinguished naval career and retired as an Admiral in 1867. He became interested in social, political and literary matters. He built Dunley Hill, Effingham, Surrey, on part of his mother's Effingham Hill estate. Admiral Maxse was a close friend of the writer George Meredith who lived nearby at Box Hill and Meredith's novel 'Beauchamp's Career' is said to be largely a character study of the Admiral. Leopold Maxse was editor of the 'National Review' and was an influential figure in political life. He had three siblings. These were (Frederick) Ivor Maxse (1862-1958) who married Mary Caroline Wyndham in 1899, Olive Hermione Maxse (1866-1955), and Violet Maxse (1872-1958) who married Edward Cecil in 1894. After Cecil?s death she married Alfred Milner. The Maxse family papers (1764-1932) are in the West Sussex Record Office.

7854/4/12/1 LEOPOLD MAXSE, 1890-1898
Leopold Maxse (1864-1932), journalist and editor of the 'National Review'. He married Katherine Lushington in 1890.

7854/4/12/2 OLIVE MAXSE, c.1900-1952
Olive Maxse (1866-1955) was the daughter of Admiral Frederick Maxse and sister of Leopold Maxse.

7854/4/12/3 VIOLET MAXSE, c.1900-1919
Violet Georgina Milner, Viscountess Milner (nee Maxse, 1872-1958). She married Lord Edward Cecil, and after his death in 1918, married Lord Milner in 1921. She took over as editor of the 'National Review' after the death of her brother Leopold Maxse in 1932.

7854/4/12/4 FREDERICK MAXSE, c.1900
Admiral Frederick Augustus Maxse (1833-1900)

7854/4/13 LETTERS FROM MOWATT FAMILY, 1885-1928
The Mowatts were an old Scottish family who appear to have originated at Balquolly, near Turrif, Aberdeenshire, but by the eighteenth century they were living first in Norfolk and then, for the most part, in Sussex and London. In 1865 Vernon Lushington married Jane Mowatt (1834-1884). Jane was a daughter of Francis Mowatt (1803-1891), a Liberal MP, and Sarah Sophia Barnes (1806-1885). Jane was born in New South Wales, Australia, where her father was in the Customs service in Sydney. Following his return to England, Mowatt purchased an estate at Trotton, near Petersfield, Hants. He was a close friend of Richard Cobden and John Bright. Mowatt's London addresses were 14 Devonshire Place; 24 St George's Square (1850s); 3 Warwick Square (1885) and 56 Portland Place (1891). Francis Mowatt committed suicide in 1891 at his London house. Mowatt's other daughters were Sarah (1832-1901) who married Francis Douglas Grey (1829-1901), a grandson of Earl Grey; Mary (b. 1833) who married James Hope Wilson Gleig; and Harriett (1839-1887) who married William Latham. There was one son, Francis (b. 1864) who married Lucy Sophia Frericks, a widow, of Thirlestaine Hall, Cheltenham. By her first marriage Lucy had had a son - Count Eric Stenbock, a writer of macabre fiction who mixed in the same circles as Oscar Wilde. The Mowatt family papers (1762-2001) are in the East Sussex Record Office ACC10188.

7854/4/13/1 GODFREY MOWATT, 1898
Godfrey (Goff) Francis Mowatt (1874-1958) was Susan Lushington's cousin.

7854/4/13/2 LUCY MOWATT, c.1900
Lucy Mowatt was a daughter of Francis Mowatt (b. 1864) - Jane Lushington's brother - and Lucy Sophia Frerichs

7854/4/13/3 LUCY S MOWATT, 1885
Lucy Sophia Mowatt wife of Francis Mowatt.

7854/4/13/4 SARAH MOWATT, c.1900
Probably Sarah Mowatt (1831-1901) eldest sister of Jane Mowatt, wife of Vernon Lushington.

7854/4/13/5 FANNY MOWATT, 1921

7854/4/13/6 JAMES MOWATT, 1921-1928

7854/4/14 LETTERS FROM NORRIS FAMILY, 1884-1952
In 1858 Edith Grace Lushington (b.1836), a daughter of the Rt. Hon. Stephen Lushington, married John Pilkington Norris (1823-1891). Norris was an HM Inspector of Schools from 1848-1861. In 1865 he was made a Canon of Bristol Cathedral. He was Vicar of Redcliffe, Bristol, 1877-1882, and Archdeacon of Bristol in 1881. They had four sons, Stephen Leslie Norris (b. 1859); Edward John Norris (b. 1860); Hugh Littleton Norris (b. 1863); and Francis Lushington Norris (b. 1864).

7854/4/14/1 CHRISTOPHER NORRIS, 1952

7854/4/14/2 EDITH NORRIS, 1907-1937

7854/4/14/3 FRANK NORRIS, 1884-1946
Frank Lushington Norris (1864-1945), Anglican Bishop of North China, 1914-1940. He was the youngest son of Ven. John Pilkington Norris and Edith Grace Lushington, sister of Vernon Lushington. He was ordained a Deacon in the Church of England in September 1887.

7854/4/14/4 GODFREY NORRIS, 1924-1951

7854/4/14/5 HUGH NORRIS, 1886
Hugh Littleton Norris (1863-1942) was the third son of Ven. John Pilkington Norris and Edith Grace Lushington, sister of Vernon Lushington. Hugh Norris was a professional artist who once shared a studio with Charles Furse. He was a member of the Newlyn colony of artists.

7854/4/14/6 MELICENT NORRIS, 1905-1950

7854/4/14/7 NANCY NORRIS, 1950-1952

7854/4/14/8 NINA CATHERINE NORRIS, 1888-1946

7854/4/14/9 STEPHEN LESLIE NORRIS, 1881-c.1900
Stephen Leslie Norris (b. 1859) was the eldest son of the Ven. John Pilkington Norris and Edith Grace Lushington, sister of Vernon Lushington. In 1878 he was a Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers.

7854/4/15 LETTERS FROM RUSSELL FAMILY, 1884-1912
Hester Russell (1826-1900) was the eldest daughter of Stephen Lushington and Sarah Carr. She married Captain Robert Russell, RN, and they had three children, Henry Van Russell (1846-1865), Robert Russell (1848-1876) and Rowena Elizabeth Russell (b. 1845). Hester later lived at Hatchford End, near Ockham Surrey, with her unmarried daughter Rowena. Captain Robert Russell was related to Elizabeth, Duchess Dowager of Cleveland. For papers relating to the Russell family see 7854/8/-.

7854/4/15/1 HESTER AND ROBERT RUSSELL, 1884-1911

7854/4/15/2 ROWENA RUSSELL, 1912
Daughter of Hester and Robert Russell

7854/4/16 LETTERS FROM A'COURT FAMILY, 1883-1945
Charles Henry Wyndham a'Court-Repington (1819-1903) married Emily, daughter of Henry Currie of West Horsley Place, Surrey. The Curries were neighbours and friends of Dr Stephen Lushington and his family at Ockham Park. Their children were Emily and Sidney a'Court. Charles a'Court-Repington, in his book 'Vestiga. Reminiscences of Peace and War' (1919), recalled the Lushingtons at Ockham Park. 'At Ockham Park ... the famous Dr Lushington collected around him the cleverest folk of the day'.

7854/4/16/1 EMMIE A'COURT, 1883-1907
Emily a'Court Repington (1868-1942) youngest daughter of Emily a'Court Repington, nee Currie, who was a daughter of Henry Currie of West Horsley Place, Surrey

7854/4/16/2 MAUD A'COURT, 1943-1945

7854/4/16/3 SIDNEY A'COURT, 1891-1898
Sidney a'Court Repington (1862-1951), second son of Emily a'Court Repington, nee Currie, a daughter of Henry Currie of West Horsley Place, Surrey

7854/4/17 LETTERS FROM BALFOUR FAMILY, 1903-1943
The Balfours lived at Fishers Hill House, Woking, which was designed for them by Edwin Lutyens. The gardens were designed by Gertrude Jekyll. The Hon Gerald Balfour (1853-1945) was the brother of Prime Minister Arthur Balfour. Balfour married Lady Elizabeth Edith 'Betty' Bulwer-Lytton (1867-1942), daughter of Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton, in 1887. They had six children. Betty Balfour was active in the local community. Her friend Dame Ethel Smyth came to live nearby at Brettanby Cottage, Hook Heath Road. One of the Lushington photograph albums has photographs of the Balfours at Fishers Hill taken by Susan Lushington in 1903. Other guests seen in the photographs include Eleanor Sidgewick and Charles Booth and his wife. The correspondence is chiefly from Gerald William Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour and his wife Lady Elizabeth Edith 'Betty' Balfour.

Eleanor Mildred Sidgwick (1845-1936), second daughter of James Maitland Balfour (1820-1856), father of Arthur Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour; activist for the higher education of women and Principal of Newnham Colleg, Cambridge University, and a leading figure in the Society for Psychical Research. She married Henry Sidgwick in 1876 and was known as 'Nora' to her family and friends

7854/4/17/2 ALICE BLANCHE BALFOUR, 1906
Alice Blanche Balfour, third daughter of James Maitland Balfour (1820-1856), father of Arthur Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour. She died in 1936.

Arthur James Balfour, 1st Earl of Balfour (1848-1930), eldest son of James Maitland Balfour (1820-1856)

Gerald William Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour (1853-1945), known as Gerald Balfour or the Right Honourable G W Balfour until 1930

7854/4/17/5 LADY ELIZABETH EDITH ('BETTY') BALFOUR, 1929-1938
Lady Elizabeth Edith 'Betty' Balfour (1867-1942), daughter of Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton

7854/4/17/6 LADY ELEANOR ('NELL') COLE (NEE BALFOUR), 1943
Lady Eleanor 'Nell' Cole (1890-after 1980), eldest daughter of Gerald William Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour; married the Hon Galbraith Lowry Egerton Cole in 1917

7854/4/18 LETTERS FROM BELL FAMILY, 1920-1944
Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell (1816-1904) was a Victorian ironmaster and Liberal Party politician. He was a wealthy patron of the arts and commissioned Philip Webb, William Morris and Edward Burne-Jones to work on his houses at Rounton Grange and Mount Grace Priory. He married Margaret Pattinson. Their children were Mary Katherine ('Maisie') who married Edward Stanley, 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley and Sir Thomas Hugh Bell, 2nd Bt. (1844-1931) who was the father of the explorer and diplomat Gertrude Margaret Lowthian Bell (1868-1926). The Lushingtons and Bells were probably drawn together through political interests. Susan Lushington made a number of visits to Rounton Grange and Mount Grace Priory and she was a friend of Gertrude Bell who made several visits to Pyports, the Lushington family'?s home in Cobham, Surrey. Susan Lushington was also a friend of Maisie Stanley. For letters of Gertrude Bell on the deaths of Hubert Howard and Margaret Massingberd (nee Lushington) see 7854/4/6/- and 7854/4/25/-. For papers of the Stanley family see 7854/4/31/-. Papers of the Bell family of Rounton are held at North Yorkshire County Record Office.

7854/4/18/1 SIR HUGH BELL, 1930
Sir (Thomas) Hugh Bell, 2nd Baronet, (1844-1931)

Lady Florence Eveleen Eleanore Bell, (nee Olliffe; 1851-1930), writer and playwright, second wife of Sir (Thomas) Hugh Bell, 2nd Baronet, (1844-1931).

7854/4/18/3 HUGH LOWTHIAN BELL, 1921
Hugh Lowthian Bell (1878-1926), son of Sir (Thomas) Hugh Bell (1844-1931) and Lady Florence Bell (1851-1930). He married Frances Helena Morkill, daughter of John Morkill on 24 Nov 1921

7854/4/18/4 FLORENCE ELSA BELL, 1931
Florence Elsa Bell (c. 1880-1971), daughter of Sir (Thomas) Hugh Bell (1844-1931) and Lady Florence Bell (1851-1930). She married Admiral Sir Herbert Richmond.

7854/4/18/5 SIR MAURICE HUGH LOWTHIAN BELL, 1938-1944
Sir Maurice Hugh Lowthian Bell, 3rd Baronet (1871-1944), son of Sir (Thomas) Hugh Bell (1844-1931) and his first wife Maria Shield.

The Bonham-Carter family were descended from John Bonham-Carter, MP (1788-1838). There are likely to have been early friendships between members of the Bonham-Carter family and the Lushingtons through marriage and shared interests. John Bonham-Carter married Joanna Maria Smith (1791-1884) a daughter of William Smith MP, the abolitionist. Joanna's sister Frances was the mother of Florence Nightingale; her brother Benjamin was the father of Barbara Bodichon and another brother, Samuel was the father of Beatrice Ann who married Godfrey Lushington. There are many references to the Bonham-Carters in Susan Lushington's diaries. For letters of Sophia Wickham and Lucy Ogilvy, see 7854/4/35/2/-. Papers of Sophia Wickham, Lucy Ogilvy and Charlotte and Edgar Bonham-Carter are held in the Wickham of Binsted collection (ref. 38M49) at Hampshire Record Office.

7854/4/19/1 CHARLOTTE BONHAM-CARTER, 1920-1931
Lady Charlotte Bonham-Carter, nee Ogilvy (1893-1989), art patron. She was granddaughter of Sophia Emma Wickham (1833-1929) and daughter of Lucy Ogilvy, nee Wickham (1863-1946), of Binsted Wyck, Alton. She married Sir Edgar Bonham-Carter in 1926.

7854/4/19/2 EDGAR BONHAM-CARTER, 1926-1950
Sir Edgar Bonham-Carter (1870-1956), barrister and administrator in Sudan and Iraq. He married Charlotte Ogilvy in 1926.

7854/4/20 LETTERS FROM BOOTH FAMILY, 1888-1943
For a letter from Susan Lushington to Hugo Montgomery on a visit to Gracedieu Manor in 1891 see 7854/4/11/-.

7854/4/20/1 MARY BOOTH, 1888-1938
Charles Booth was a Liverpool ship owner and social investigator who, in 1886, began, at his own expenses, a complete enquiry, street by street and house by house, into the actual economic conditions of the population of London. The results, eventually published in seventeen volumes, as 'Life and Labour of the People in London' revealed the appalling and hitherto unrecognised fact that one-third of the population of London were living below the poverty line. Booth's work later led him to make an important contribution to the first Old Age Pensions Act. As a young man Booth had shared with Vernon Lushington many of the beliefs of radical Liberalism. He became interested in Auguste Comte's Positivism, and, although he felt unable to join in organised Positivism, its philosophy had a lifelong impact on his beliefs. During a visit to the Booths at their Leicestershire home, Gracedieu Manor, Vernon Lushington wrote to his daughter Kitty, 'He [Charles Booth] is an optimist. He even goes so far as to call this a most or even the most religious age. There is nothing like working for others to give one heart & hope; & this he does. When he goes to Liverpool, or even London he always lodges in the East End, - so that he may get to know the people. What food he has, Heaven knows, he seems even here to live like a hermit on roots & water. He says he loves the Positivists & sometimes calls himself one. I said that it was very kind of him. For in truth he must take a wide step before he is really within our camp.' Despite some differing views in some areas of their thinking Booth and Lushington greatly respected each other and developed a lifelong friendship into which their respective families were drawn. Booth's wife Mary (1847-1939) was descended from Vernon's father's friend the abolitionist Zachary Macaulay, and she became a well-known social reformer and philanthropist in her own right. The Booths made several visits to the Lushingtons' Cobham home. Susan Lushington was very fond of Mary Booth and wrote in her diary on 8 June 1893 'there is no one in the world like Mrs Booth.'

7854/4/20/2 TOM BOOTH, 1891-1943
Thomas Macaulay Booth (1874-1970), son of Charles and Mary Booth

7854/4/20/3 ANTONIA 'DODO' BOOTH, 1898-1939
Antonia Mary 'Dodo' Booth (1873-1952), daughter of Charles Booth

Vernon and Jane Lushington were on close terms with the family of Charles Darwin and visited them at Down House when Darwin was still alive. Darwin greatly enjoyed Jane Lushington's piano playing. After Darwin's death his widow moved to The Grove, Cambridge, where members of the Lushington family continued to visit her. It was at The Grove that Stephen and Margaret Massingberd spent part of their honeymoon. In about 1869 Vernon and Jane Lushington introduced Henrietta ('Etty') Darwin, a daughter of Charles Darwin to Richard Buckley Litchfield, one of Vernon's oldest and closest friends who had been with him at Trinity College, Cambridge. Litchfield was a scholar who worked for the Ecclesiastical Commission, managing Church of England property. He was also one of the founders of the Working Men's College, where he taught music, mathematics, and science in his spare time. The Litchfields came to live just a few doors away from the Lushingtons at 31 Kensington Square. Litchfield's niece by marriage, Gwen Raverat, wrote of her Uncle Richard, 'He was a nice funny little man, whose socks were always coming down; he had an egg-shaped waistcoat, and a fuzzy, waggly, whitey-brown beard, which was quite indistinguishable, both is colour and texture from the Shetland shawl which Aunt Etty generally made him wear round his neck.' Etty Litchfield was a life-long hypochondriac. When she was only 13 years old she developed a cold and a fever, and the doctor recommended that she should have breakfast in bed for a while. Gwen Raverat wrote that Etty 'never got up to breakfast again in all her life' and that 'ill health became her profession and absorbing interest.'

7854/4/21/1 CHARLOTTE MILDRED DARWIN, 1908-1927
Charlotte Mildred Massingberd (1868-1940) married Leonard Darwin (1850-1943), son of Charles Darwin, in 1900. For letters prior to her marriage see 7854/4/11/2/-.

7854/4/21/2 LEONARD DARWIN, 1927-1941
Leonard Darwin (1850-1943) was son of Charles Darwin. In 1900 he married Charlotte Mildred Massingberd (1868-1940)

Richard Buckley Litchfield (1832-1903) was at Trinity College with Vernon Lushington. He was a founder of the Working Mens' College and married Henrietta Emma 'Etty' (1843-1927), the daughter of Charles Darwin, in 1871. Richard and 'Etty' were the Lushingtons' neighbours in Kensington Square.

Sir Leslie Stephen (1832-1904) was an author, critic and one of the greatest minds of the Victorian age. He was the father of Virginia Woolf and Vanessa Bell. His first wife was the daughter of William Makepeace Thackeray. After her death Leslie married Julia Princep Jackson (1846-1895), widow of Herbert Duckworth, an old legal friend of Vernon Lushington. Julia was the niece and goddaughter of Julia Margaret Cameron and, like her, a member of the artistic circle which gathered at Little Holland House. She was a renowned beauty and a favourite of the Pre-Raphaelites and sat for Burne-Jones, as well as G F Watts and her godmother. Vernon Lushington first met Julia when she was married to Herbert Duckworth. Lushington and Duckworth were on the same legal circuit based in Liverpool. Letters between Vernon and Jane Lushington refer to the Duckworths. (7854/3/5/4/3, 16, 18, 19, & 23; 7854/3/5/5/14 & 17; 7854/3/5/6/4; 7854/3/6/3/4; 7854/3/6/7/21; 7854/3/6/16/17 & 7854/3/6/17/29). Vernon also knew Stephen through the Working Men's College, a Christian Socialist enterprise in London where Vernon worked as a volunteer tutor. The Stephen family lived at 22 Hyde Park Gate and they and the Lushingtons were constantly in and out of each other's homes. Julia Stephen took a particular maternal interest in the Lushington girls after their mother died and it was she who engineered the marriage of Kitty Lushington to Leopold Maxse. The older Duckworth and Stephen girls were particularly close to Kitty and Margaret Lushington and when Julia Stephen died it was Kitty who took the Stephen children under her wing. Stella Duckworth died in 1897 and there are a series of letters to Susan Lushington on this event which contain references to 'Nessa' and 'Ginia' i.e. Vanessa [Bell] and Virginia [Woolf]. The Stephen family took their summer holidays at Talland House in Cornwall and Virginia Woolf later used this as the fictional setting for 'To The Lighthouse'. Kitty Lushington became engaged to Leopold Maxse at Talland House and the two feature in Woolf's novel as Paul Rayley and Minta Doyle. Woolf also used Kitty Lushington as the model for 'Mrs Dalloway'. The Lushington archive contains an important series of letters from Jane to Vernon Lushington describing a holiday at Talland House in 1883 (7854/3/6/25-30). Susan Lushington's diary for 1883 also covers this episode. In 1893 Margaret Lushington stayed at Talland House and her letters from Cornwall have survived (7854/4/5/1-6). The Stephen family letters are from Herbert, Harry and Katherine Stephen, children of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen (1829-1894), lawyer, judge and writer, who was brother of Sir Leslie Stephen.

7854/4/22/1 JULIA STEPHEN, nd
Julia Stephen, wife of Sir Leslie Stephen and mother of Virginia Woolf.

7854/4/22/2 GEORGE AND GERALD DUCKWORTH, 1890-1934
Sir George Duckworth (1868-1934) was the son of Herbert Duckworth, a barrister, of Orchardleigh Park, Somerset, by his marriage to Julia Prinsep Jackson. His younger brother Gerald (1870-1937) founded the London publishing firm of Duckworth and Co. and published Woolf's 'The Voyage Out'. Their sister Stella (d.1897) married Jack Hills. After Herbert Duckworth's death, Julia Duckworth married secondly the author Leslie Stephen, and Duckworth was thus a half-brother of the painter Vanessa Bell and the writer Virginia Woolf, leading members of the Bloomsbury Group, and of Thoby and Adrian Stephen. Both sisters, Vanessa Bell and Virginia Woolf later accused their two Duckworth half-brothers of molesting them as children and adolescents. From 1892 to 1902, Duckworth acted as secretary (without pay) to the philanthropist Charles Booth.]

7854/4/22/2/3 STELLA DUCKWORTH, nd
Stella Duckworth (1869-1897) was daughter of Herbert Duckworth, a barrister, of Orchardleigh Park, Somerset, by his marriage to Julia Prinsep Jackson. Married Jack Hills.


7854/4/22/5 HERBERT STEPHEN, 1903-1919
Sir Herbert Stephen (1857-1932), son of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen (1829-1894), lawyer, judge and writer, who was brother of Sir Leslie Stephen.

7854/4/22/6 HARRY STEPHEN, 1898-1932
Sir Harry Lushington Stephen (1860-1945), son of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen (1829-1894), lawyer, judge and writer, who was brother of Sir Leslie Stephen.

7854/4/22/7 KATHERINE STEPHEN, 1910
Katherine Stephen (1856-1924), Principal of Newnham College, Cambridge, daughter of Sir James Fitzjames Stephen (1829-1894), lawyer, judge and writer, who was brother of Sir Leslie Stephen.

Francis Egerton, 1st Earl of Ellesmere, KG, PC, was a politician, writer, traveller and patron of the arts. In 1822 he married Harriet Catherine Greville and they had eleven children. The family lived at Hatchford Park, Cobham. Their eldest son George Granville Francis Egerton, 2nd Earl of Ellesmere (1823-1862), became the 2nd Earl on his father's death. Egerton married Lady Mary Campbell (a daughter of the 1st Earl Cawdor) and they had two sons, Hon. Francis Charles Granville (1847-1914) and Hon. Alfred John Francis (1854-1890), MP for Eccles. In 1862, he was succeeded by his eldest son, Francis who, in turn, was succeeded by John Egerton, 4th Earl, Viscount Brackley. Lord Brackley inherited his father's titles in 1914. He sold his father's seat, St George's Hill House, Weybridge, to the builder W G Tarrant. He then bought Hatchford End for his unmarried sisters, Lady Mabel Egerton, Lady Alice and Lady Leila. He and Lady Violet moved to Burwood House, now Notre Dame School. Blanche Harriett Egerton (1871-1943) and Christian Mary Egerton (born 1876), were daughters of William Francis Egerton, elder son of Admiral The Hon Francis Egerton (1824-1895), brother of the 2nd Earl, who married Lady Louisa Caroline Cavendish, daughter of the 7th Duke of Devonshire. Blanche and Christian died unmarried.

William Holman Hunt (1827-1910), painter, was one of the original members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood and is especially remembered today for his painting 'The Light of the World'. Vernon Lushington had got to know Hunt and other members of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood in the 1850s. It was Vernon who introduced Edward Burne-Jones to Dante Gabriel Rossetti thereby instigating a life-long friendship which led to the second phase of Pre-Raphaelitism. Vernon later invited Hunt to visit the family at Ockham Park to paint a portrait of Stephen Lushington which is now in the National Portrait Gallery. Over the years the Hunts and the two families became close friends with Hunt being adopted by the Lushington girls as 'Uncle Holman' and one of Hunt's children being christened Hilary Lushington Hunt. Holman Hunt firstly married Fanny Waugh. His second wife was Edith, Fanny's sister. The archive contains letters from William and Edith Holman Hunt as well as from their daughters.

7854/4/24/1 EDITH HOLMAN HUNT, 1888-1929
Edith Holman Hunt, known as 'Aunt Edith' to Susan, was the wife of William Holman Hunt, the Pre-Raphaelite artist

7854/4/24/2 GLADYS HOLMAN HUNT, 1898-1952
Gladys Holman Hunt, daughter of William Holman Hunt. She married Michael Joseph.

7854/4/24/3 CYRIL HOLMAN HUNT, 1924
Cyril Holman Hunt (1866-1934), tea planter; son of William Holman Hunt

George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle (1843-1911) and his wife Rosalind (nee Stanley) (1845-1921) were close friends of Vernon and Jane Lushington. George Howard was known as the 'Artist Earl' and was an accomplished artist closely associated with members of the Pre-Raphaelite circle. Philip Webb designed the Howard's London residence at 1 Palace Green, Kensington. The Lushingtons were frequent visitors both at the Howard's London home and at their country home of Naworth Castle. Kitty Lushington was briefly engaged to Charles James Stanley Howard (1867-1912). He later married Rhoda L'Estrange. Susan Lushington was a close friend of Christopher Howard who died in 1896 and his brother Hubert who was killed at the Battle of Omdurman in 1898. Susan Lushington's diaries contain lengthy accounts of her visits to Naworth Castle and other material about the Howard family. The Howard Archive at Castle Howard contains letters from Vernon Lushington to George and Rosalind Howard relating to his daughter's engagement and its ending. There are photographs of members of the Howard family in the Lushington photograph albums. [For more on the Howard family see Virginia Surtees, 'The Artist and The Autocrat. George and Rosalind Howard. Earl and Countess of Carlisle' (1988), Michael Russell (Publishing) Ltd.] The correspondence is of George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle (1843-1911) and his children, including Charles James Stanley Howard, Viscount Morpeth, (1867-1912), and his wife Rhoda; Lady Cecilia Howard (d. 1947); Hubert George Lyulph Howard (1871-1898); Christopher Edward Howard (1873-1896) and Geoffrey William Algernon Howard (1877-1935).

George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle (1843-1911). In 1864 he married Rosalind Frances Stanley (1845-1921), daughter of Edward Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley. The letters are signed 'Carlisle' or 'C'.

Charles James Stanley Howard, Viscount Morpeth, (1867-1912), 1st son of the 9th Earl of Carlisle, and 10th Earl from 1911, soldier and Liberal Unionist politician. In 1894 he married Rhoda, daughter of Colonel Paget Walter L'Estrange. The letters from 1886 are signed 'Charley Howard', those from 1893 onwards are signed 'Morpeth'.

7854/4/25/3 RHODA MORPETH, LADY CARLISLE, c.1894-1945
Rhoda Morpeth was the wife of Charles James Stanley Howard, Viscount Morpeth, (1867-1912), 1st son of the 9th Earl of Carlisle, and 10th Earl from 1911. They were married in 1894. Rhoda died in 1957. Charles had previously been engaged to Kitty Lushington

7854/4/25/4 CECILIA HOWARD, 1911
Lady Cecilia Howard (d. 1947) married Charles Henry Roberts (d. 1959) on 7 April 1891. She was daughter of George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle.

Hubert George Lyulph Howard (1871-1898), son of George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle. Killed at the Battle of Omdurman, after riding in the charge of the 21st Lancers. For photographs of Hubert Howard see 6536/360, a Vaughan Williams family photograph album. For a photograph of his funeral in the Royal Collection, see RCIN 2501849. See also 'Extracts from the Diaries and Letters of Hubert Howard. With a recollection by a friend', edited by Hilaire Belloc, (Oxford, 1899)

7854/4/25/6 CHRISTOPHER EDWARD HOWARD, 1886-1896
Christopher Edward Howard (1873-1896), son of George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle. The majority of the letters are without envelopes and undated.

7854/4/25/7 GEOFFREY HOWARD, 1896
Geoffrey William Algernon Howard (1877-1935), son of George James Howard, 9th Earl of Carlisle, and Liberal politician

The writer of items 1 and 3 is the same unidentified person

Sir John Henry Kennaway, 3rd Baronet (1837-1919) was a Conservative Party politician. He was MP for East Devon, 1870-1885, and Honiton, 1885-1910. Kennaway was made a Privy Counsellor in 1897, and from 1908 to 1910 he was Father of the House of Commons. In 1904 he was appointed as a member of the Royal Commission On Ecclesiastical Discipline. He also served as President of the Church Missionary Society.The Kennaway family lived at Escot House, Talaton, near Ottery St Mary, Devon. The house at Escot was sold in 1794 to Sir John Kennaway Bt, an East India Company diplomat then recently returned from India. The house was destroyed by fire in 1808 and the Kennaways lived for some time at Fairmile and Fort House, Sidmouth. Sir John Henry Kennaway built the new house to a design by architect Henry Roberts in 1838. There are a number of references to the Kennaways in the letters from Jane to Vernon Lushington.

7854/4/27 LETTERS FROM ONSLOW FAMILY, 1886-1936
The Onslows of Dunsborough Park, Ripley, were a branch of the Onslow family of Clandon Park, Surrey. They were descended from George Onslow (1731-1792), the eldest son of Richard Onslow and the nephew of Arthur Onslow, Speaker of the House of Commons. Dr Stephen Lushington's sister, Sophia (1778-1860), married Colonel (later General) Denzil Onslow (1770-1838), a well-known cricketer.

William Waldegrave Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne (1859-1942) married Lady Maud Cecil, elder daughter of future Prime Minister Robert Cecil, 3rd Marquess of Salisbury, in 1883. She died in 1950. Their sons included Robert Palmer, killed in 1916, and Roundell Palmer, 3rd Earl of Selborne (1887-1971). Selborne was assistant private secretary to Hugh Culling Eardley Childers (1827-1896), a Liberal statesman best known for his reform efforts at the Admiralty and the War Office. With the election of Gladstone's government in December 1868 Childers became First Lord of the Admiralty where he instituted many reforms. Later in his career, as Chancellor of the Exchequer, his attempt to correct a budget shortfall led to the fall of the Liberal government led by Gladstone. Childers was the son of Reverend Eardley Childers and his wife Maria Charlotte (nee Smith), sister of Sir Culling Eardley, 3rd Baronet. The Culling Eardleys were related by marriage to the Lushingtons. Dr Stephen Lushington's sister in law, Isabella Carr, married Sir Culling Eardley Smith in 1832. Hugh Culling Eardley Childers may have been instrumental in Vernon Lushington obtaining his post as Secretary to the Admiralty.

7854/4/29 LETTERS FROM PARRY FAMILY, 1886-1952
Sir Charles Hubert Hastings Parry, 1st Baronet (1848-1918), composer, teacher, historian of music and director of the Royal College of Music from 1894, his wife Lady Maude and their two daughters Dorothea [Dolly] and Gwendolen [Gwen] were particularly close to the Lushingtons and the two families were forever in and out of each other's houses in Kensington Square. The Lushington girls and their mother first met Parry in 1882 at the home of their mutual friends the Montgomery family whose home was at Blessingbourne, Fivemiletown, Ireland. Jane's letters to her husband were full of Parry's name and how the girls had taken to him and vice versa. Parry delighted in the company of young people and often invited the Lushington girls to try out some new composition of his or play at a concert. Sometimes they were also entrusted to correct proofs for the composer. Parry composed two simple Intermezzi for String Trio dedicated to 'K, M and SL'. Occasionally members of the Lushington family would travel to the south coast to stay with the Parrys at Rustington. Here they would sail with Parry in his yacht. Kitty Lushington was a special favourite of Parry's and he affectionately called her 'Kittiwake'. Susan?s Lushington's diaries are rich in Parry material and provide lengthy accounts of her visits to the Parry family in Rustington. Parry's wife was Elizabeth Maude Herbert (1851-1933), second daughter of the politician Sidney Herbert and his wife Elizabeth, whom Parry married in 1872.

7854/4/29/1 SIR HUBERT PARRY, 1886-1913
Sir Charles Hubert Hastings Parry, 1st Baronet (1848-1918) was a composer, teacher and historian of music. He was director of the Royal College of Music from 1894.

7854/4/29/2 MAUDE PARRY, c.1900
Lady Maude Parry was the wife of Sir Hubert Parry

7854/4/29/3 DOROTHEA [DOLLY] PARRY, c.1900-1952
In 1893 Dorothea Parry, daughter of Sir Hubert Parry, 1st Baronet (1848-1918), married Arthur Augustus William Harry Ponsonby, 1st Baron Ponsonby of Shulbrede (1871-1946), Labour Party politician, writer, and social activist.

7854/4/29/4 GWENDOLEN [GWEN] PARRY, c.1900
Daughter of Sir Hubert Parry, 1st Baronet (1848-1918)

Sir Richmond Thackeray Willoughby Ritchie (1864-1912) was an Indian born British civil servant who spent most his life at the India Office, reaching the post of Permanent Under-Secretary of State for India. He married his cousin Anne Isabella Thackeray (1837-1919) the eldest daughter of the novelist William Makepeace Thackeray and herself a writer. The Ritchies held salons in their home, End House, Berkeley Place, Wimbledon, in which musicians like Lucy Broadwood and the Lushington sisters played a prominent part. By 1898 the Ritchies felt the need to live in London and rented a flat in Kensington Gardens, spending summers at End House. Emily Ritchie was sister in law of Lady Anne Ritchie and knew Lucy Broadwood. Meg [Margaret Paulina Ritchie (1879-1970)] was wife of William Ritchie, son of of Sir Richmond and Lady Anne Ritchie. She was the daughter of Charles and Mary Booth.

Claud Russell (1871-1959) and Harold Russell (1868-1926) were sons of Lord Arthur Russell (1825-1892). For letters from his daughter Flora Russell (1869-1967), see 7854/4/37/41/-. Harold Russell married Lady Victoria Alberta Leveson-Gower (1867-1953), known as Vita, in 1896.

7854/4/30A/1 CLAUD RUSSELL, 1925-1942
Sir Claud Frederick William Russell (1871-1959), son of Lord Arthur Russell. He was a diplomat and ambassador to Portugal, 1931-1935.

7854/4/30A/2 HAROLD RUSSELL, 1910-1923
Harold Russell (1868-1926), son of Lord Arthur Russell (1825-1892).

7854/4/30A/3 VICTORIA RUSSELL, 1904-1947
Lady Victoria Alberta Leveson-Gower (1867-1953), known as Vita, daughter of Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, married Harold Russell, son of Lord Arthur Russell, in 1896.

Gertrude Russell was Gertrude Ellen Cornelia Joachim of Haslemere, Surrey. In 1891 she married, as his second wife, Francis Albert Rollo Russell (1849-1914), meteorologist, and lived at Steep, Petersfield, Hampshire. They had two children, John and Margaret.

7854/4/31 LETTERS FROM STANLEY FAMILY, 1896-1952
The Stanleys were an old family whose country house was at Alderley Park in Cheshire. John Stanley (1766-1850) was the 1st Baron Stanley. He was succeeded by Edward John Stanley (1802-1869). The 3rd Baron Stanley was Henry Stanley (1827-1903). Arthur Penryhn Stanley 'Dean Stanley' (1815-1881) was also of this family and he was a close friend of Dr Stephen Lushington. It was Dean Stanley who officiated at the marriage of Vernon and Jane Lushington. Susan Lushington was a close friend of Maisie Stanley and spent time with her in France in 1900 (see 7854/3/9/122-6, 130, 134, & 137.) Lady Blanche Hozier was the second daughter of Edward Stanley, 2nd Baron. She married Sir Henry Montague Hozier and is referred to in a letter from Susan Lushington to her father (7854/3/9/128). Their daughter Clementine married Winston Churchill. On 10 September 1908 Vernon Lushington wrote to his daughter Kitty, 'I have had a kind invitation from Lady Blanche Hozier to the grand wedding, but have had to decline it, as I cannot deal with a crowd. Clementine has expressed her great pleasure in the pendant which Susan gave her.' Papers of the Stanley family are held at Cheshire Archives.

Edward Lyulph Stanley, 4th Baron Sheffield, 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley and 3rd Baron Eddisbury (1839-1925). He married Mary Katherine Bell (died 1929), daughter of Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell, 1st Baronet.

Arthur Lyulph Stanley, 5th Baron Stanley of Alderley, 5th Baron Sheffield and 4th Baron Eddisbury (1875-1931), was Governor of Victoria, Australia, 1914-1920.

7854/4/31/3 MARY 'MAISIE' STANLEY, 1896-1928
Mary 'Maisie' Stanley, was Mary Katherine Bell (died 1929), daughter of Sir Isaac Lowthian Bell, 1st Baronet, and wife of Edward Lyulph Stanley, 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley

7854/4/31/4 MARGARET STANLEY, 1898
Henrietta Margaret Stanley (1874-1956), was daughter of Edward Lyulph Stanley, 4th Baron Sheffield, 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley and 3rd Baron Eddisbury (1839-1925) and his wife Mary Katherine Bell.

7854/4/31/5 BLANCHE STANLEY, 1931-1952
Blanch Florence Daphne Stanley (1885-1968) was daughter of Edward Lyulph Stanley, 4th Baron Sheffield, 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley and 3rd Baron Eddisbury (1839-1925) and his wife Mary Katherine Bell.

7854/4/31/6 EDWARD JOHN STANLEY, 1896-1904
Edward John Stanley (1878-1908) son of Edward Lyulph Stanley, 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley. Edward Stanley was at first a schoolboy at Clifton College, Bristol, and then a student at Trinity College, Cambridge [Thoby Stephen was also at Clifton College], before studying mechanics in Middlesbrough and afterward gaining an administrative post in West Africa

7854/4/31/7 OLIVER STANLEY, 1949
Oliver Hugh Stanley (1879-1952), son of Edward Lyulph Stanley, 4th Baron Stanley of Alderley.

7854/4/31/8 MADELEINE STANLEY, 1898
Madeline Cecilia Carlyle Stanley (1876-1966) was a granddaughter of Edward John Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley. She married William Brodrick, 1st Earl of Midleton in 1903.

7854/4/31/9 MAUDE STANLEY, 1903
Maude Alethea Stanley (1833-1915), youth work pioneer and women's welfare activist. She was daughter of Edward John Stanley, 2nd Baron Stanley of Alderley

Edward Stuart Talbot (1844-1934), Bishop of Winchester, 1911-1923. His father was the Hon. John Chetwynd-Talbot, son of Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot, and his mother was Caroline Jane Stuart-Wortley, daughter of James Stuart-Wortley, 1st Baron Wharncliffe. He married Lavinia Lyttelton (1849-1939), daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Lord Lyttelton in 1870. Their children included Mary Catherine Talbot (1875-1957) who married Lionel Ford, Gilbert Talbot (1891-1915), killed in action at Ypres, and Neville Talbot (1879-1943), Bishop of Pretoria, 1920-1933.

7854/4/32/1 EDWARD STUART TALBOT, 1923-1933
Edward Stuart Talbot (1844-1934), Bishop of Winchester, 1911-1923.

7854/4/32/2 LAVINIA TALBOT, 1910s-1934
Lavinia Lyttelton (1849-1939), daughter of George Lyttelton, 4th Lord Lyttelton, married Edward Stuart Talbot (1844-1934), Bishop of Winchester, 1911-1923, in 1870.

7854/4/32/3 GILBERT TALBOT, 1915
Gilbert Talbot (1891-1915), son of Edward Stuart Talbot, Bishop of Winchester, and Lavinia Talbot, 7th Battalion, Rifle Brigade, died 30 July 1915.

7854/4/32/4 NEVILLE TALBOT, 1939
Neville Talbot (1879-1943), Bishop of Pretoria, 1920-1933, son of Edward Stuart Talbot, Bishop of Winchester, and Lavinia Talbot

7854/4/32/5 JOHN E TALBOT, 1898-1934
John Edward Talbot (born 1870), son of John Gilbert Talbot (1835-1910), MP for West Kent, 1868-1878. John Gilbert Talbot was brother of Edward Stuart Talbot. J E Talbot was assistant secretary in the Board of Education. He married Mabel, daughter of Archibald Balfour, in 1898. His children included Anne born 1899 and Joan born 1901.

7854/4/32/6 MAY TALBOT, 1898
Mabel Balfour (1866-1949) was a daughter of Archibald Balfour (1840-1922). She married John Edward Talbot in 1898.

7854/4/32/7 BRIDGET TALBOT, 1915-1946
Bridget Elizabeth Talbot (1885-1971) was daughter of Alfred Talbot (1848-1913) who was a son of Henry Chetwynd, 18th Earl of Shrewsbury, 3rd Earl and 5th Baron Talbot. In 1914 she started the cultivation of co-operative gardens on waste land a scheme later adopted nationally by the Ministry of Agriculture. She worked with the Red Cross and refugee organisations throughout World War I

7854/4/32/8 CHENDA AND RICHARD TALBOT, 1930-1932
Richard Talbot (born 1907) is possibly son of John E Talbot.

7854/4/33 LETTERS FROM THYNNE FAMILY, 1898-1943
The writers include Lt Col Lord Alexander George Thynne (1873-1918) and his sister Beatrice Thynne (born 1867), children of John Alexander Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath (1831-1896). From 1874 to 1893, he was a trustee of the National Portrait Gallery.

7854/4/33/1 ALEXANDER G THYNNE, 1898-1918
Lt Col Lord Alexander George Thynne (1873-1918), MP for Bath, 1910-1918, killed in action in World War I on 14 Sep 1918. Died unmarried. Youngest son of John Alexander Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath

7854/4/33/2 BEATRICE THYNNE, 1916-1940
Beatrice Thynne, born 1867. Daughter of John Alexander Thynne, 4th Marquess of Bath.

7854/4/33/3 EMMA THYNNE, 1921
Lady Emma Margery Thynne (1893-1980), married 1921 (divorced 1942) William Compton, 6th Marquess of Northampton.

7854/4/33/4 THOMAS HENRY THYNNE, 1942
Thomas Henry Thynne, 5th Marquess of Bath, (1862-1946)

7854/4/33/5 HENRY FREDERICK THYNNE, 1943
Henry Frederick Thynne, 6th Marquess of Bath (1905-1992)

The Vaughan Williams family of High Ashes, near Leith Hill, were close friends of the Lushingtons and Susan Lushington made many visits to their home in the Surrey Hills. Three particular visits are recorded in her diaries in June 1891, April 1893, and May 1894. Her diary for May 1891 records a dance at the Vaughan Williams' London home. Roland Edmund Lomax Vaughan Williams (1866-1949), Recorder of Cardiff, 1930-1945, and son of Sir Roland Vaughan Williams (1838-1916), judge, married the Hon. Grace Agnes Phillimore who was the daughter of Sir Walter G F Phillimore (1845-1929) and Agnes Lushington (1848-1929). Agnes Lushington was the daughter of Charles Manners Lushington (1819-1864) who shared joint ancestry with Susan Lushington through Stephen Lushington (1675-1716). The Vaughan Williams family of High Ashes were cousins of the Vaughan Williams family of Leigh Hill Place and Margaret Lushington's husband, Stephen Massingberd, was distantly related to the composer Ralph Vaughan Williams.

7854/4/35 LETTERS FROM GARDENERS, 1898-1942

7854/4/35/1 MARIA THERESA EARLE, 1898-1914
Maria Theresa Earle (1836-1925), or Mrs C W Earle, as she was better known to her readers, lived at 'Woodlands', Cobham. She was a prolific writer and keen gardener best known for her books in the series 'Pot Pouri from a Surrey Garden'. Mrs Earle and her husband had moved to Woodlands in about 1879. She described it as 'a small piece of flat ground surrounding an ordinary suburban house.' Here she created a garden which was greatly admired in her social circle and led to the publication of her first book which became a best seller. Mrs Earle was the aunt of the wife of the architect Edwin Lutyens and both he and the garden designer Gertrude Jekyll visited her at Woodlands as did the artist Burne-Jones and the writer Henry James. Sadly Woodlands, described by Susan Lushington a 'lovely house' was demolished some years ago and has been replaced by another house which has kept the old name. The Lushingtons often visited Mrs Earle and she, in turn, was a frequent caller at Pyports. On one occasion after visiting Mrs Earle at Woodlands where she met Nancy Kegan Paul, daughter of the publisher, Susan Lushington wrote, 'Mrs Earle is delightfully warm hearted & generous - but fatally unscrupulous I always feel.' On another occasion at Mrs Earle's Susan met her friend Philip Burne-Jones, artist son of his more famous father. Shortly after the publication of Mrs Earle's first book, her husband Charles was killed in a road accident in 1897.

Sophia Emma Wickham (1833-1929) and her daughter Lucy Ogilvy, nee Wickham (1863-1946), of Binsted Wyck, Alton. For letters from Lucy Ogilvy's daughter Charlotte Bonham-Carter, see 7854/4/19/-. Work on the garden at Binsted Wyck was begun by William Wickham (1761-1840), and continued by his grandson William (1831-1897) and his wife Sophia and then by Lucy Ogilvy and Charlotte Bonham-Carter. During the 1930s and 1940s the garden at Binsted Wyck was opened regularly to display the aconites. [See Hampshire Gardens Trust Research website]

7854/4/35/3 WILLIAM ROBINSON, 1917-1932
William Robinson (1838-1935), gardener, author of 'The Wild Garden' (1870), and 'The English Flower Garden', (1883), and other works. He appears to have met Vernon Lushington at the Working Men's College in London and, in his book 'The English Flower Garden' (1883) he wrote 'I remember a beautiful old garden at Ockham Park in Dr Lushington's time.' Vernon Lushington appears to have befriended Robinson at the College and assisted him financially with a loan of £50 for the publication of 'The English Flower Garden.' Another book by Robinson, 'The Parks and Gardens of Paris in relation to the Wants of Other Cities and of Public and Private Gardens' (1869), was dedicated to Lushington. The two became firm friends visiting one another's homes after Robinson took over Gravetye Manor. The Royal Horticultural Society, Lindley Library, holds a number of letters from Vernon Lushington to Robinson (ref. GB 803 WRO/2/108-115).


7854/4/36/1 RICHARD PENROSE ARNOLD, 1897-1898
Richard Penrose Arnold (1856-1908) was a son of Matthew Arnold who lived the last fifteen years of his life at Painshill Cottage, Cobham. Elgar dedicated his Enigma Variation V to Richard Arnold

7854/4/36/2 AMY BATH, 1933
Amy Bath, soprano

7854/4/36/3 ADOLPH BEHRENS, 1890
Adolph Behrens (1833-1896), wealthy music lover and patron

7854/4/36/4 AILWYN BEST, 1942
Ailwyn Best, singer

7854/4/36/5 BRAMWELL FAMILY, 1896-1946
Henry Bramwell, JP, purchased Crown East Court, Worcester, in 1871; Fritz, Bramwell's son, was a frequent visitor at Pyports, Cobham

7854/4/36/6 LUCY BROADWOOD, 1909
Lucy Etheldred Broadwood (1858-1929) was an English folksong collector and researcher during the late 19th and early 20th centuries. As one of the founder members of the Folk Song Society and Editor of the Folk Song Journal, she was one of the main influences of the English folk revival of that period. She was an accomplished singer, composer, piano accompanist, and amateur poet. She was much sought after as a song and choral singing adjudicator at music festivals throughout England, and was also one of the founders of the Leith Hill Music Festival in Surrey.

Sir Ignatius Valentine Chirol (1852-1919), British journalist, prolific author, historian and diplomat. He was a passionate imperialist and believed that Imperial Germany and Muslim unrest were the biggest threats to the British Empire. He was foreign correspondent of 'The Times' and a close friend of Gertrude Bell.

7854/4/36/8 FRANK STEWART COWIE, 1895-1900
The connection between Susan and Frank Cowie appears to have been solely a musical one, she having agreed to play in his existing quartet as a replacement first violin. Cowie subsequently went to India as a member of the Indian Civil Service and apparently wrote light music with a partner as 'Oscar Stewart'

7854/4/36/9 MARGARET CRASTER, 1929-1933
The Crasters were of Beadnell, Northumberland, and related to the Broadwoods by marriage.

7854/4/36/10 SIR HENRY WALFORD DAVIES, nd, Sir Henry Walford Davies (1869-1941), composer

7854/4/36/11 EMILY DAYMOND, 1889-1922
Emily Rosa Daymond (1866-1949) was a music lecturer at the Royal Holloway College for Women. She was the daughter of the Reverend Albert Cooke Daymond, headmaster of a boy's school - Timsbury. From 1908 to 1921 she taught piano and harmony at the Royal College of Music. She was a devoted disciple of Hubert Parry and had been one of his first pupils at the College. Daymond spent a great deal of time with Parry in his last years and would frequently go for cycle rides with him during the war years.

7854/4/36/12 EDWARD DENT, 1927-1933
Edward Joseph Dent (1876-1957) was Professor of Music at Cambridge University from 1926 to 1941. He was also a governor of Sadler's Wells Opera and author of several important books on Scarlatti, Busoni, Handel, English operas and the operas of Mozart.

7854/4/36/13 GERVASE AND WINNIE ELWES, 1914-1936
Gervase Elwes (1866-1921), singer

7854/4/36/14 FISHER, 1898
Of Cobham

John Alexander Fuller-Maitland (1856-1936), music critic

7854/4/36/16 MAUD GLADSTONE, 1890-1936
Maud Gladstone was Lady Gladstone of Hawarden and the second daughter of Lord Rendel of Hatchlands, Surrey (d. 1913). In 1890 she married Henry Neville Gladstone (1852-1935) the third son of Liberal Party leader and Prime Minister W E Gladstone. Lady Gladstone was a great music lover and had many friends and acquaintances who were musicians. She died in 1941. Her papers are at Bangor University.

7854/4/36/17 NORMAN GROSVENOR, 1898
Norman l'Aigle Grosvenor (1845-1898) son of 1st Baron Ebury. Grosvenor was Liberal MP for Chester. He married the novelist, artist, and composer Caroline Susan Theodore.

7854/4/36/18 SIR GEORGE GROVE, nd
Sir George Grove (1820-1900), English musicologist

7854/4/36/19 OSSILIE HOFFMAN, 1882-1891

7854/4/36/20 PETER KIMBER, 1938

7854/4/36/21 ELIZABETH KITSON, 1941

7854/4/36/22 HUBERT LANGLEY, 1923-1952
Hubert Langley, author of 'Dr Arne' (1938), on the 18th century composer Thomas Arne

7854/4/36/23 L LINCOLN COLLINS, 1890

7854/4/36/24 JAMES CAMPBELL MCINNES, 1898-1940
James Campbell McInnes, (1874-1945), baritone singer

7854/4/36/25 FLORENCE ASHTON MARSHALL, 1889-1909
Florence Aston Marshall (1843-1922), writer and composer, wife of Julian Marshall (1836-1903) music and print collector and writer

7854/4/36/26 REV CHARLES A MASON AND FAMILY, c.1918-1946
Charles Arthur Mason, curate of Binsted with Kingsley, 1916-1919

7854/4/36/27 SOPHIA MILLS, 1912
Sarah Sophia Mills (d. 1924), music teacher.

7854/4/36/28 MARGARET MOORE, nd

7854/4/36/29 BESSY OSER, 1886-1890
Bessy Oser was employed as a piano teacher for the three Lushington girls. Susan Lushington's diary, 3 March 1886, 'Miss Oser came at 9.30, & I had a particularly nice lesson, on a new Scarlatti, and a splendid Chopin exercise.' On 15 January 1890 Susan Lushington wrote in her diary that they 'finally decided to ask Miss Oser to choose our piano for us instead of Mr Parry.' The following day the two of them went to Broadwoods showroom in Great Pultney Street where they were assisted by Alfred Hipkins who, when the final choice was made, said, 'I am glad you have chosen that one - I have serviced it since it was made - as it is a specially good one & I wanted someone to have it who would appreciate it.'

7854/4/36/30 WILFRID PEARETH, 1921-1950
Wilfrid Peareth was vicar of St John's, Fishponds, Bristol, 1936-1946, and vicar of Lamberhurst from 1946.

7854/4/36/31 PATIENCE PLATER, 1927-1932

7854/4/36/32 ZOE PYNE, 1889
Zoe Pyne (1867-1938) was a talented violinist. She was a daughter of the organist and composer James Kendrick Pyne (1852-1938). In 1897 she married the writer Oliver Franz Hueffer (1876-1931) (also known as Oliver Madox Hueffer). Hueffer was a grandson of the painter Ford Madox Brown.

7854/4/36/33 MABEL RITCHIE, 1941-1946
Margaret Willard (Mabel) Ritchie (1903-1969), opera singer at Sadler's Wells

7854/4/36/34 HILDA ROBINSON AND IONA ROBINSON, 1890-1891
Hilda Fothergill Robinson (1871-1949) was a daughter of William Fothergill Robinson, barrister, Vice Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. He was at Trinity College with Vernon Lushington. He married Julia Richmond (1839-1906), second daughter of George Richmond RA. Mary Iona Fothergill Robinson (1870-1945) was another daughter of W F Robinson.

7854/4/36/35 STANFORD ROBINSON, 1924-1943
Stanford Robinson OBE (1904-1984) was an English conductor and composer, known for his work with the BBC. He remained a member of the BBC's staff until his retirement in 1966, founding or building up the organisation's choral groups, both amateur and professional.

7854/4/36/36 GERTRUDE SELLAR, 1903
Gertude Craig Sellar (1844-1929) was the daughter of Octavius Henry Smith. In 1870 she married Alexander Craig Sellar (1835-1890), Scottish lawyer and Liberal politician. In 1906 she inherited the Ardtornish Estate in Scotland from her brother Valentine Smith. The family were friendly with the writer John Buchan who dedicated 'John MacNab' to Gertude's daughter Rosalind in 1925. Gertrude and her sister Rosalind founded the Petersfield Music Festival in 1901. In 1903 the Festival was attended by Ralph Vaughan Williams. In 1893 Gertrude and her daughters were living in Holmbury, Dorking. Gertrude's husband had been a favourite pupil of Benjamin Jowett and Gertude inherited two pictures when Jowett died.

7854/4/36/37 DAME ETHEL SMYTH, 1942
Dame Ethel Smyth (1858-1944), composer

7854/4/36/38 FRANCES SWINBURNE, 1915-1919
Arthur Swinburne married Susanne Frances Maud Muir Mackenzie (died 1927), daughter of Sir John Muir Mackenzie in 1910. Some of these letters perhaps relate to the 'Muir-Mackenzie' Stradivarius violin of 1694 sold by Mrs Arthur Swinburne in 1920.

7854/4/36/39 RALPH VAUGHAN WILLIAMS, 1930-1944
Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958), composer

7854/4/36/40 STEUART WILSON, 1924-1943
Sir James Steuart Wilson (1889-1966) was an English singer, known for tenor roles in oratorios and concerts in the first half of the 20th century. After the Second World War he was an administrator for several organisations including the Arts Council of Great Britain, the BBC and the Royal Opera House.

7854/4/36/41 THOMAS WOOD, 1946
Thomas Wood, (1892-1950), composer and author


7854/4/37/1 PAUL F BANN, 1937

7854/4/37/2 R H BENSON, 1890
Robert Henry Benson (1850-1929), of London and Buckhurst Park, Sussex. A banker and trustee of the National Portrait Gallery. He was a noted collector of Italian paintings

7854/4/37/3 JUDITH BLUNT, 1897-1949
Judith Anne Dorothea Blunt-Lytton, 16th Baroness Wentworth also known as Lady Wentworth (1873-1957) was the daughter of Wilfred Scawen Blunt his wife, Lady Anne, a daughter of William King-Noel, 1st Earl of Lovelace and his wife, the renowned mathematician Ada Lovelace. Therefore she was also the great-granddaughter of Lord Byron. Judith spent most of her childhood in the Middle East while her parents travelled to purchase Arabian horses for their Arabian Stud at Crabbet Park in Sussex and their Sheykh Obeyd stud in Cairo. Judith was also famous as a breeder of Arabian horses, a subject on which she also published several works.

7854/4/37/4 ALICE BOYD, 1888
In 1859 William Bell Scott met Alice Boyd of Penkill Castle, Ayrshire, when she came to study art in Newcastle. He used her as a model. The relationship became very close. Scott's wife, Letitia, accepted the situation - presumably she had little choice - and from the 1860s Scott lived with Alice Boyd and with Letitia in a menage a trois in Scotland and London until the end of his life. After the death of her brother in 1865 Alice became the owner of Penkill.

Wife of John Buchan, 1st Baron Tweedsmuir (1875-1940) whom she married in 1907. She was Susan Charlotte Grosvenor (1882-1977), daughter of Norman Grosvenor. She was the author of a number of books.

7854/4/37/6 EDWARD CLIFFORD, 1898
Edward Clifford (1844-1907), artist and author best known for his portraits in watercolour. He was associated with the Aesthetic Movement in the late 19th century. He was also honorary Secretary of the Church Army, which evangelized for the Church of England.

7854/4/37/7 ARTHUR HUGH CLOUGH, nd
Arthur Hugh Clough (1859-1943) was the son of Arthur Hugh Clough (1819-1861), English poet and educationalist. The latter married Blanche Mary Shore Smith whose sister Beatrice was wife of Sir Godfrey Lushington. Arthur Hugh junior married Eleanor Freshfield.

7854/4/37/8 ELEANOR CLOUGH, 1891-1943
Eleanor Freshfield was a daughter of Douglas Freshfield, an Alpine Club friend of Sir Leslie Stephen and future president of the Royal Geographic Society. She married Arthur Hugh Clough

7854/4/37/9 SIR SYDNEY COCKERELL, 1943
Sir Sydney Carlyle Cockerell (1867-1962), museum curator and collector. From 1908 to 1937 he was director of the Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge.

7854/4/37/10 F R CONDER, nd
F R Conder (1815-1889) was the author of 'The Men Who Built Railways' (1868). On 6 Aug 1870 Vernon Lushington wrote to Jane Lushington 'As to the Xtening - I have asked Mr Conder & he will be Godfather with pleasure - Francis Roubiliac Conder is his name - and I well content that Laura Maxwell & Fanny be Godmothers.'

7854/4/37/11 E M C COURTNEY, 1888-1948
The letters refer to William Bell Scott (1811-1890), poet and artist.

7854/4/37/12 MICHAEL DENISON, 1937
Michael Denison (1915-1998), actor

7854/4/37/13 T W EARP, 1943
T W Earp (1892-1958), art critic

7854/4/37/14 HERBERT AND MARY FISHER, 1934-1940
Herbert Fisher (1865-1940), historian, educator and Liberal politician

7854/4/37/15 IAN FORBES-ROBERTSON, 1934
Ian Forbes-Robertson (1859-1936), actor

7854/4/37/16 HENRY J FORD, 1907
Henry Justice Ford (1860-1941) a prolific and successful artist and illustrator. He provided a number of illustrations for Andrew Lang's Fairy Books. He was a friend of J M Barrie and designed the costume for the character of Peter Pan when ther play was staged in the West End for the first time in 1904. He was also a friend of P G Wodehouse and Sir Arthur Conan Doyle.

7854/4/37/17 WILLIAM GAUNT, 1941
William Gaunt (1900-1980), artist and art historian

7854/4/37/18 ALICE S GREEN, 1886
Alice (Stopford) Green (1847-1929), wife of Rev John Richard Green (1837-1883), historian. Alice was an Irish historian and writer. She was a supporter of Irish Home Rule.

7854/4/37/19 THOMAS HARDY, 1912
Thomas Hardy (1840-1928), novelist

7854/4/37/20 F W HEADLEY, 1898
F W Headley (1856-1919), scientist and author

7854/4/37/21 WINIFRED HOLIDAY, 1884-1889
Winifred Holiday was the only daughter of Henry G A Holiday (1839-1927) painter. Holiday painted 'Dante & Beatrice' (1884, Walker Art Gallery) in which Kitty Lushington was used a model. The Holidays moved to Oak Tree House in March 1874. Winifred was a keen supporter of the suffragette movement. Kate Holiday, Winifred's mother, developed a successful career. She was skilled in embroidery and ranked above 'all Europe' by William Morris who exhibited her work in his firm's Oxford Street store.

Arthur Hughes (1832-1915), painter and illustrator associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. Hughes was a close friend of the Lushington family and stayed with the family at Pyports, Cobham and later at Kingsley. At Cobham he painted 'The Home Quartet' - a portrait of Jane Lushington with her three daughters.

7854/4/37/23 ALICE KEMP-WELCH, nd
The writer may be Alice Kemp-Welch who, in 1904, translated 'The History of Fulk Fitz-Warine'.

7854/4/37/24 DERRICK LEON, 1944
Derrick Leon (1908-1944) died of tuberculosis shortly after completing the first draft of his biography of John Ruskin - 'Ruskin: The Great Victorian', (Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1949)

7854/4/37/25 PERCY LUBBOCK, 1942-1944
Percy Lubbock (1879-1965), critic and biographer

7854/4/37/26 LEILA MACDONALD, 1888
Leila MacDonald was a writer. She married Hubert Crackenthorpe a writer who created works mainly in the genres of the essay, short story and novella. He was associated with the 'Yellow Book'. Their marriage began to disintegrate rapidly after Leila miscarried in 1896 because of a venereal infection she contracted from Hubert. Hubert died in Paris in 1896. His body was found in the Seine and it is not known whether he committed suicide or was a victim of foul play.

7854/4/37/27 COLIN MACINNES, 1940
Colin MacInnes (1914-1976), writer, son of James Campbell McInnes

7854/4/37/28 SIR GEOFFREY MANDER, 1943-1946
Sir Geoffrey Mander (1882-1962), industrialist and art patron

7854/4/37/29 SIR GEOFFROY & LADY MILLAIS, 1919

7854/4/37/30 MARY DE MORGAN, 1882
Mary de Morgan (1850-1907) was the sister of William De Morgan, the most important ceramic artist of the Arts and Crafts Movement, and the youngest daughter of distinguished mathematician Augustus de Morgan, who had tutored Byron's daughter Ada. She was the author of a number of books of fairy tales. She was heavily influenced by Hans Christian Andersen. William Morris was fond of her stories and when he was dying in 1896, Mary came to nurse him. William de Morgan and his wife Evelyn were also friends of the Lushingtons. In August 1887 Susan and her father went to de Morgan's showroom in Piccadilly to purchase a wedding present for Sybil Buxton - 'a dish from father & two little plates from us.' In her youth, Mary de Morgan earned herself a reputation for tactlessness, apparently at one point telling another artist friend of the Lushingtons Henry Holiday, 'All artists are fools! Look at yourself and Mr. Solomon!' The wife of the artist Edward Poynter wrote of Mary, 'she chattered awfully, and Louie, she is only just fifteen. I believe a judicious course of snubbing would do her good!' On another occasion she apparently said something to offend the young Bernard Shaw. Mary's tactlessness appears to have been demonstrated when she lunched with the Lushingtons at their London home on 25 Feb 1893 after which Susan wrote in her diary 'lunch to which Mary De Morgan came - I am really very interested in her - but good heavens she does say rather terrific things!'

7854/4/37/31 MAY MORRIS, nd
Mary 'May' Morris (1862-1938), embroidery designer, jeweller, socialist and editor. She was the younger daughter of the artist and designer William Morris and his wife and artist's model Jane Morris. Vernon Lushington recorded meeting her when he stayed with William and Jane Morris at Kelmscott, Oxfordshire.

7854/4/37/32 MORRISON FAMILY, 1929-1932
James Morrison (1789-1857) 'began life humbly but through hard work and entrepreneurial brilliance, acquired a fortune unequalled in nineteenth-century England.' His children included Alfred Morrison (1821-1897) of Fonthill House, a notable art collector and High Sheriff of Wiltshire in 1857, and Charles of Basildon Park and Islay; Alfred of Fonthill (Wiltshire), the father of Major James Archibald Morrison of Fonthill and Basildon; Frank of Hole Park (Kent) and Strathraich (Ross); and Walter of Malham Tarn, (Yorkshire).The politician James Morrison, son of Alfred, was a grandson. Katherine Morrison (1869-1949), was a daughter of Alfred Morrison. She married Sir Stephen Herbert Scott-Gatty in 1905. Their daughter married Siegfried Sassoon in 1933. For more on the Morrison see Caroline Dakers, 'A Genius For Money. Business, Art and The Morrisons', Yale, (2011).

7854/4/37/33 JULIET M MORSE, 1898

7854/4/37/34 ARTHUR J MUNBY, 1898
Arthur Joseph Munby (1828-1910), diarist, poet, barrister and solicitor, was a frequent visitor to the Lushingtons at Pyports, Cobham. He was an old friend of Vernon's from his Cambridge days and also worked with him at the Working Men's College in London. Munby also lived for a while at Wheeler's Farm, Pyrford, which had been the Lushingtons home for a short period after their marriage. He had a lifelong fascination with, and a fetish for, working-class women, particularly those who did hard, dirty physical labour. He enjoyed wandering the streets of London and other industrial cities where he would approach working women and ask them about their lives and work, while noting their clothes and dialects. These observations went into his journals. He was also an amateur artist, and his diaries contain sketches of working women, many of whom strongly resemble caricatures of black men: squat, black-faced figures in coats and trousers, with massive feet and hands and protruding lips. Munby collected hundreds of photographs of female mine workers, kitchen maids, milkmaids, charwomen, acrobats and so on. These diaries and images provide historical information on the lives of working-class Victorian women. In 1854, Munby met Hannah Cullwick, a Shropshire-born maid-of-all-work. They formed a relationship in which Munby was the master and Cullwick the slave, with him training her in the virtues of hard work and loyalty. His scenarios also included elements of age play and infantilism, with Cullwick holding him in her lap or carrying him. The couple secretly married in 1873. Munby separated from Hannah in 1877 but he continued to see her until her death in 1909. The marriage remained a secret from all but a few close friends, one of whom was Vernon Lushington and his story has been told in Derek Hudson's 'Munby - Man of Two Worlds'. The Lushington girls, unaware of Munby's odd marriage, treated him as an eccentric bachelor friend of their father's. He was famous for his unpunctuality which led Susan Lushington to comment, 'Mr Munby to lunch! Very late of course - but so nice & so characteristic.'

7854/4/37/35 MARY MURRAY, 1889-1945
Mary Murray was Lady Mary Howard. She married Gilbert Murray in 1889. Murray was renowned for his translations of Greek plays. He was professor of Greek at Glasgow University and Regius Professor of Greek at Oxford. He was buried in Poet's Corner in Westminster Abbey on 5 July 1957.

7854/4/37/36 MARIA POLLEN, nd
Maria Pollen was the wife of John Hungerford Pollen, decorative artist. He was ordained as an Anglican priest in 1845 but converted to Roman Catholicism in 1852. Maria Pollen was known as an author on lace - 'Seven Centuries of Lace' published in 1908

7854/4/37/37 SYBIL PYE, 1929-1930
Sybil Pye (1879-1958), artist and bookbinder

7854/4/37/38 RATHBONE FAMILY, 1889-1917
William Rathbone (1819-1902) was a merchant and philanthropist. The Rathbones were one of Liverpool's pre-eminent families. Samuel G Rathbone and Christopher Bushell had instituted a Pupil Teacher College in Shaw Street, Liverpool in 1875. It was at this establishment that Alice Lushington became Principal. The University of Liverpool, Special Collections and Archives, Sydney Jones Library, holds a collection of Rathbone family papers which includes two letters from Vernon Lushington to Elena Rathbone. RRP XXV.1.309 & RP XIX.1.4(26). William Gair Rathbone (1849-1919) was eldest son of William Rathbone. He was a merchant with the firm of Rathbone Brothers, operating from 1879 the London branch with William Lidderdale. He worked to promote District Nursing, and was a keen patron of the arts. In June 1877 he married Blanche (1858-1938) daughter of Charles Luling and Elena Michaela (nee Longer) of New York, who became one of the original members of the Invalid Children's Aid Association. They had two children, Elena and William Rathbone. Elena Rathbone (1878-1964, later Richmond) was also a supporter of District Nursing and a pioneer in the registration of midwives. In 1913 she married Bruce Richmond, an assistant editor of The Times, appointed editor of the Times Literary Supplement in 1915. They had no children. [Thanks to the University of Liverpool website for the above information]

7854/4/37/39 WILLIAM ROTHENSTEIN, 1934
Sir William Rothenstein (1872-1945) painter

7854/4/37/40 JOHN ROTHENSTEIN, 1942
Sir John Rothenstein (1901-1992), son of Sir William Rothenstein, director of the Tate Gallery, 1938-1964

7854/4/37/41 FLORA RUSSELL, 1891-1952
Flora Magdelen Isabel Russell (1869-1967) was a keen amateur artist. She was the elder daughter of Lord Arthur Russell (1825-1892). A portrait by Russell of Gertrude Bell is in the National Portrait Gallery, NPG 4385. For further letters from members of the Russell family, see 7854/4/30A/-.

7854/4/37/42 LETITIA SCOTT, nd
Letitia Scott was the wife of William Bell Scott (1811-1890), poet and painter. On 31 October 1839 Scott married Letitia Margery Norquoy, a woman considerably older than himself who was regarded by all his friends as a shrill, neurotic, demanding, and difficult person. The marriage was clearly unhappy, it was childless, and may have been unconsummated (like the Ruskins'), but Scott and his wife never formally separated.

7854/4/37/43 WALTER SKEAT, 1890-1891
Walter William Skeat (1866-1953), English anthropologist. He made a name for himself with his pioneering investigations into, and writings on, the ethnography of the Malay Peninsula

7854/4/37/44 ERIC TURRELL, 1938-1939
Of Hutchinson and Co (Publishers) Ltd

7854/4/37/45 VICTORIA AND ALBERT MUSEUM, 1951-1952

7854/4/37/46 PAUL VICTORIUS, 1938
London bookseller

7854/4/37/47 MARY WATTS, 1930-1933
Mary Seton Watts (1849-1938), artist and wife of George Frederic Watts (1817-1904), painter


7854/4/38/1 MARY BRIDGES, 1906
Mary Alice Bridges was the second wife of the Positivist John Henry Bridges (1832-1906) who died at Tunbridge Wells and was buried there in the churchyard of St. Barnabas (for service of commemoration see Positivist Review, xiv. 179). Mary Alice Bridges was the eldest daughter of George Hadwen, of Kebroyde, a silk manufacturer of Halifax. A life-sized portrait in oils was painted by Frederick Yates in 1906.

7854/4/38/2 BERNARD CRACROFT AND FAMILY, 1882-1933
Bernard Cracroft was at Cambridge with Vernon Lushington. He studied for the Bar and afterwards became a statist and jurist of some distinction. He was one of the regular contributors to the 'Westminster Review' under Mill and the author of one of the 'Essays on Reform.' and was a contributor to the 'Oxford & Cambridge Magazine'. He is mentioned in Mackail's 'The Life of William Morris'.

7854/4/38/3 LOWES DICKINSON, 1908
Lowes Cato Dickinson (1819-1908), portrait painter and Christian Socialist. He taught drawing with Ruskin and Rossetti and was a founder of the Woking Men's College in London.

7854/4/38/4 FREDERIC HARRISON AND FAMILY, 1915-1923
Frederic Harrison (1831-1923), jurist, historian and Positivist

7854/4/38/6 H W MCCREADY, 1950
Assistant professor of history at McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada

7854/4/38/7 LUCY MARTINEAU, c.1889-c.1890
Lucy Martineau (1871-1952) was a daughter of David Martineau. Her grandfather, George Martineau was a cousin of Harriet Martineau (1802-1876) the writer and journalist who translated Comte into English in the 1850s. Lucy's father, David Martineau, was a second cousin of John Martineau who was a pupil of Charles Kingsley and who knew Vernon Lushington at Cambridge. John Martineau was on the staff of the Working Men's College (1859-1864).

7854/4/38/8 LORENZA RODD, 1886-1890
Lorenza Rodd was a Positivist friend of Vernon Lushington

7854/4/38/9 REV W S SCOTT, 1944-1951
Letters to Susan Lushington relating to the publication of letters of Maria Edgeworth to Vernon Lushington. Published as W S Scott (ed.), 'Letters of Maria Edgeworth and Anna Letitia Barbauld selected from the Lushington Papers', (Golden Cockerel Press, London, 1953). Walter Sidney Scott was the author of 'Worship and Drama', 1938

7854/4/38/10 S H SWINNY, 1916

During the World War I Susan Lushington corresponded with a number of servicemen who were based at the army camp at Bordon near her Kingsley home. They were invited into her home to share her musical interests, and later wrote back to her as serving personnel at home or overseas. There are also letters from nurses and civilians, and the letters were originally kept in bundles arranged by year. In many cases, names have been abbreviated or the handwriting is difficult to decipher, and although a number of the letters do include an address or unit information and envelopes are sometimes annotated with names, ranks or units, it has not been possible to completely identify every correspondent, even with recourse to Susan's personal address book. Survivors of the war continued to write to her into the 1950s. A few letters include photographs, cuttings or drawings, while others from the Front have been censored; a musical connection with Susan appears in many letters. Major Jay C Massie of the Canadian Expeditionary Force (-/2/7/-) wrote the most letters to Susan, while family contributors to the collection include her cousin Stephen Latham (-/1/39/-). For letters from her brother-in-law Stephen Massingberd, see 7854/4/11/1/-, and for letters from her cousin Franklin Lushington see 7854/4/7/4/-. There are no items for 7854/4/39/1/45/-.

7854/4/39/1 BRITISH FORCES, 1914-1920
Includes personnel of the Egyptian, Indian, Mesopotamian and North Russian Expeditionary Forces, which formed part of the British Army

7854/4/39/1/1 Corporal H B Alle[t], B Company, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, 1915
7854/4/39/1/1A 'Antoine' [Guards regiment, not identified], 1916
7854/4/39/1/2 Trooper Robert Bamber, Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry, 1915
7854/4/39/1/3 35290 Private J E Bicknell, Hampshire Regiment, 1917
7854/4/39/1/4 52376 Gunner Horace Bishop, 9th Divisional Heavy Battery, 16th Brigade, Royal Garrison Artillery, 1915
7854/4/39/1/5 Captain C Blakiston Houghton, 30th Reserve Park ASC, 255 Company, 36th (Ulster) Division), 1915
7854/4/39/1/6 Tom M Booth [no rank or unit given], 1915
Thomas Macaulay Booth (1874-1970), son of Charles and Mary Booth. See also 7854/4/20/2/1-5.
7854/4/39/1/7 87992 Gunner Francis E Boynton, Left Section, 8th Siege Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, 1917
7854/4/39/1/8 General H[enry] J[enkins] Brock, [Royal Field Artillery], nd [1914-1918]
7854/4/39/1/9 [Lieutenant] Russell Burnham, 159th Machine Gun Corps [later 179th MGC], 53rd Division, 1916-1920
7854/4/39/1/10 Colonel Ferberd R[ichard] Buswell, 29th Field Ambulance, 9th Division, later ADMS, 24th Division, 1915-1917
7854/4/39/1/11 Corporal Albert E Carter, 23rd Reserves, Salonika Forces, 1915-1916
7854/4/39/1/12 Private F H Chamberlain, 2/6th Battalion, Essex Regiment, 1917
7854/4/39/1/13 Geoffrey R Corbett, 1st Battalion, Coldstream Guards, 1916-1917
7854/4/39/1/14 Private H George Covington, 32844 A Company, 18th Battalion, Hampshire Regiment, and 448287, 12th Battalion, North Staffordshire Regiment, 1917-1918
7854/4/39/1/15 F W M Cox [no rank or unit given], 1917-1919
7854/4/39/1/16 Spencer [Culchett or Culchard], 73rd Field Company, Royal Engineers, 1915
7854/4/39/1/17 Herbert Dodds, 8th (Service) Battalion, King's Own Scottish Borderers, nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/1/17A Major Bill Duncan, RA [unit not identified], 1919
7854/4/39/1/18 247234 Gunner Bertram G W Dunsford, D/46th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 1918
7854/4/39/1/19 4482 Private Harry B Dutton, 23rd Divisional Cycle Company, 1915
7854/4/39/1/19A Major Edmond Forester Walker, 5th Tank Battalion, 1920
7854/4/39/1/20 G B Forwood, Brigade Horsemaster [no unit given], 1918
7854/4/39/1/20A Major G M Franks, HQ 2nd Corps, 1915
7854/4/39/1/21 Captain Alfred Cecil Gathorne-Hardy, 9th Battalion, Scottish Rifles (Cameronians), 1915
Died on 25 September 1915, aged 34. Commemorated on the Loos Memorial.
7854/4/39/1/22 35815 Private William Gee, 44th Infantry Brigade, Machine Gun Company, France, 1916
Died on 20 September 1916, aged 25. Buried in Dernancourt Cemetery, Somme, France.
7854/4/39/1/23 Captain Thornely [Carbutt] Gibson, 1st Battalion, Irish Guards, 1916-1952
7854/4/39/1/24 'J Goldie' [no other details given], 1919
7854/4/39/1/24A George Joachim Goschen, 2nd Viscount Goschen, 202nd Infantry Brigade, Tonbridge, 1916
7854/4/39/1/25 W Hall Keys, 9th Battalion (Pioneers), South Staffordshire Regiment, 1915
7854/4/39/1/25A General Frederick Hammersley, 11th (Northern) Division, 1915
7854/4/39/1/26 Captain Donald H Harrison, C/307 Royal Field Artillery, 1917
7854/4/39/1/27 Charles E Harrison, 1919
7854/4/39/1/28 Colonel Nigel Haskard, 1st Battalion, Royal Dublin Fusiliers, nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/1/29 1437 Private T Hardy, Driver Mechanical Transport [Unit], 1915
7854/4/39/1/30 Oliver Hook, 8th (Service) Battalion, Gordon Highlanders, 1915
7854/4/39/1/31 Signaller Reginald F Hollyer, 24857 Headquarters Staff, 172nd Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, Ulster Divisional Artillery, 1915
7854/4/39/1/32 [Lieutenant] M Hood Morley, 8th (Service) Battalion, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, nd [1915-1916]
Died on 1 July 1916, aged 22. Son of A Noel and Jessie M I Morley, of Lychwood, Worplesdon Hill, Woking, Surrey. Commemorated on Woking Town Memorial. Buried in Blighty Valley Cemetery, Authuille Wood, Somme, France.
7854/4/39/1/33 Lance Corporal Rufus Horner, C Squadron, Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry, 23rd Division, 1915
7854/4/39/1/34 198087 Gunner A W Hunt, 37th Company, Royal Garrison Artillery, 1918
Hunt's headed notepaper states he is an orchestral conductor and violinist
7854/4/39/1/34A 116521 [otherwise 11654] Colour Sargeant H Hunt, 3rd Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry, 1917-1918
Six items enclosed in one envelope, annotated by Susan Lushington 'May Langhorn' and 'illegit[imate] baby 1917/1918'
7854/4/39/1/35 [Engineer Captain] Albert Knothe [RN], [1915]
7854/4/39/1/36 971362 Gunner Henry S Kettle, Royal Field Artillery, 1917
7854/4/39/1/37 H J S Landon [no rank or unit given], 1914
7854/4/39/1/38 Stephen [Grey] L[atham], no rank or unit given], 1916
Susan's 'loving cousin'
7854/4/39/1/39 Police Sergeant Major J Lee, 9th Scottish Division, 1916
7854/4/39/1/40 Captain James K Leisle [no unit given], nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/1/41 [-] Lushington, 1916
7854/4/39/1/42 Lieutenant 'Teddy' [Sydney Edward James Chippindall] Lushington, 41st Divisional HQ, Royal Artillery, 1915-1916
Younger brother of Franklin Lushington (see -/4/5/-). Served in Hampshire Regiment. Died on 25 September 1916, aged 21. Buried at Etaples Military Cemetery, Pas de Calais, France.
7854/4/39/1/43 Armament Staff Sergeant [initials illegible] Martindale, AOC 1096, 1918
7854/4/39/1/44 Arthur S Mason [no rank given], 104th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 1917
7854/4/39/1/46 Gunner McDonnell [no unit given] ,nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/1/47 192050 Sol Mercado, 2/6th Cycle Corps, Suffolk Regiment, 1918
7854/4/39/1/48 Driver Arnold Metcalfe, No 1 Section, 23rd Divisional Ammunition Column, nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/1/48A [Lieutenant] C[harles] A[lexander] Milne Home, [The King's Own Scottish Borderers], 1915,
For letter from his mother to Susan Lushington, see 7854/4/43/8/55.
7854/4/39/1/49 Lieutenant Colonel (Major General from Jan 1917) Archibald Amar Montgomery-Massingberd, 1915-1918
For letters written to Susan Lushington from South Africa, 1899-1902, and from London, 1905, see 7854/4/11/4/-
7854/4/39/1/50 Captain H E Montgomery, North Irish Horse, 1916-[1918]
These two H Montgomerys may be different people
7854/4/39/1/51 2033 Lance Corporal Tom Moralee, 31st Field Company Northumbrian, Royal Engineers, 1916-1917
7854/4/39/1/52 Private E de Murville [no unit given], 1918
7854/4/39/1/53 Corporal Jack Orchard, 255 Company ASC, 1915
7854/4/39/1/54 G C Onslow [no rank or unit given], 1919
Perhaps Guy Clevland Onslow, Royal Engineers.
7854/4/39/1/55 225293 Lance Bombardier Jack W Page, Royal Garrison Artillery, 1918
7854/4/39/1/56 38663 Lance Corporal Arthur [L] Parfrey, C Company, 16th Battalion, Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment and A Company, 8th Battalion, Queen's Royal West Surrey Regiment, 1916-1919
7854/4/39/1/57 P [J] Phillimore [no rank or unit given], nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/1/58 Stephen Phillips, Headquarters Royal Artillery, 41st Division, 1916
7854/4/39/1/59 338514 Gunner Albert Pratt, Left Section 357 S Battery, 1917
7854/4/39/1/60 [Captain] Trevor Prichard [RN], 1912-1923
7854/4/39/1/61 3518 Private Herbert Pullen, A Company, 11th Training Reserve Battalion, 1917-1929
7854/4/39/1/62 Gunner Charles W Prosser [unit not given], 1918
7854/4/39/1/63 41380 Lance Corporal H C Robinson, A Section, nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/1/64 Corporal Harry Rowe [no unit given], 1916
7854/4/39/1/65 Major Wilfred Edmund Royds, Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry, nd [1915-1918
7854/4/39/1/66 [-] Scarf [no rank or unit given], 1917
7854/4/39/1/67 9984 Gunner George E Season, B Battery, Royal Field Artillery, 73rd Brigade, 1915
7854/4/39/1/68 Corporal E Seymour Evans [full rank and unit censored], 1918
7854/4/39/1/69 A G Shortt [no rank or unit given], 1916
7854/4/39/1/70 E J Solano, HQ, 23rd Division, 1915
7854/4/39/1/71 33751 Bombardier Frank R Spencer, D Battery, 73rd (Howitzers) Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 1915-1918
7854/4/39/1/72 D C Spencer Smith, [no rank given], Royal Artillery, 1915
7854/4/39/1/73 216250 Gunner J Stafford, West Lancashire Royal Field Artillery, 1918-1919
7854/4/39/1/74 C Stanhope Marchant, 9th Battalion (Pioneers), South Staffordshire Regiment, nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/1/75 Harvey M Stevens, 69th Field Ambulance, Royal Army Medical Corps, 23rd Division, 1915-[1917]
7854/4/39/1/76 3029 Lance Corporal David Stoddart, C Company, 7th Battalion, Seaforth [Highlanders], 1915
Corporal David Stoddart, S/3029, 7th Battalion, Seaforth Highlanders, was killed on 25 September 1915, aged 28. He was son of James and Elizabeth Stoddart, of Stoneypath Tower, Prestonkirk, East Lothian. He is commemorated on the Loos Memorial.
7854/4/39/1/77 Sidney Norman Thomas [no rank given], 242 Army Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 1917-1918
7854/4/39/1/78 Lieutenant Colonel E H Thruston, 9th (Service) Battalion, South Staffordshire Regiment, 1915
7854/4/39/1/79 Lieutenant Colonel [Leslie Edward] Tilney [no unit given], 1915
7854/4/39/1/80 Private George Tyler [no unit given], 1916-1917
7854/4/39/1/80A 'R W W' [name, rank and unit unidentified], 1915
7854/4/39/1/81 Lieutenant Colonel A [S] Wainwright, Royal Horse Artillery, 1919-1920
7854/4/39/1/82 9462 Gunner Francis Watts, A Battery, 72nd Brigade, 15th Division, 1915
7854/4/39/1/83 133123 Gunner Christopher Wendell, 3/8th London, Royal Field Artillery, Bordon, and Salonika, 1917-1919
Wendell was a member of the 22nd Divisional Theatre Company.
7854/4/39/1/83A Leslie White [Royal Artillery], 1917
7854/4/39/1/83B Captain William Joseph Wickham, Scots Guards, [1914]
Served in 1st Battalion, Scots Guards. Son of Captain H L Wickham and the Hon. Mrs Wickham, of Down Grange, Basingstoke. Killed on 31 October 1914 aged 39. Commemorated on Ypres (Menin Gate) Memorial.
7854/4/39/1/84 Eric Wilkinson [no rank or unit given], 1915-1918
7854/4/39/1/85 259352 Signaller Williams, Signal Section, Royal Field Artillery, 1918
7854/4/39/1/85A Godfrey H Williams, HM Yacht Miriel, nd [1914-1918]
Possibly Captain Godfrey Howell Williams, Northumberland Fusiliers
7854/4/39/1/86 Colonel Wilson and the Officers of the 3rd Volunteer Battalion, (Prince of Wales' Own) West Yorkshire Regiment,[1918]
7854/4/39/1/87 Captain Walter Stuart Wingate Gray, Royal Regiment of Horse Artillery, 1919
7854/4/39/1/88 3626 Gunner W H Wragg, 156 Heavy Battery, Royal Garrison Artillery, 1916-1919

7854/4/39/2 COMMONWEALTH FORCES, 1916-1919
Canadian and Australian personnel. Biographical information about Canadian servicemen is taken from the attestation papers of men enlisted in the Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF), held at the Library and Archives Canada, Ottawa.

7854/4/39/2/1 Captain John M Baldwin, 21st and 23rd Canadian Reserve Battalions, 1917
Probably John Macleod Baldwin, born 16 March 1878, musician, of 31 De Lisle Avenue, Toronto, Canada. Enlisted 30 January 1917
7854/4/39/2/2 5652 Private C R Bredell, Draft Company, S[outh] A[ustralia] Scottish Regiment, 9th IBD, 1916
7854/4/39/2/3 725007 Private Jonathan Finn, 48th Highlanders, 1916
7854/4/39/2/4 140630 Private Jack Garlick, 60th Canadian Battalion, 1916
7854/4/39/2/5 Sergeant Ormonde B Heycock, 1919
7854/4/39/2/6 Lieutenant Colonel W[illiam] G[ilbert] Ketcheson, 80th Battalion, Canadian Infantry, 1916
William Gilbert Ketcheson, born 29 March 1862, farmer, of Foxboro, Ontario, Canada. Enlisted 27 October 1915.
7854/4/39/2/7 Major Jay C[linton] Massie, 71st Overseas Division, Canadian Expeditionary Force , 1916-1918
Towards the end of 1916, Major Massie (1878-1942) begins to address Susan Lushington as 'Darling', 'Dear' or 'Dearest', indicating that he came to be on fairly intimate terms with her; however, he had married Gertrude Lillian Millar (1880-1971) in 1902 in Quebec and had children Isobel (1904-1989; later Boright), John (1905-1988; ordained in 1944) and Ruth (1906-1998), who are mentioned in several letters. In 1917, he returned to Canada, where he subsequently became a Colonel. Several letters are incompletely dated, with others hand delivered and without post marks, or having post marks obscured or removed
7854/4/39/2/8 Colonel Alan J McCausland, Militia and Defence Canada, nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/2/9 Lieutenant A M McKeown, 71st Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, 1916
7854/4/39/2/10 Roy B Metzler, Canadian Field Artillery, 1918-1919
7854/4/39/2/11 126705 Private Alfred C Millar, D Company, 50th Battalion [Canadian Expeditionary Force], 1916
7854/4/39/2/12 Lieutenant Colonel C F de Salis, [30th Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force], 1916
7854/4/39/2/13 Major Robert M Watson, 80th Battalion, Canadian Infantry, 1916-1918

7854/4/39/3 SOUTH AFRICAN FORCES, 1914-1917

7854/4/39/3/1 Captain H M Bamford, Adjutant, 2nd South African Infantry, 1915
7854/4/39/3/2 5500 Private Richard T Barends, B Company, 3rd South African Infantry, 1916-1917
7854/4/39/3/3 Corporal David R Boyce [no unit given], 1915
7854/4/39/3/4 Corporal W J Catton, 1st South African Infantry, 1916
7854/4/39/3/5 Robert Deane [no rank given], South African Infantry, 1917
7854/4/39/3/6 Dugald D Donaldson [no rank given], South African Scottish [Regiment], 9th Division, 1916
7854/4/39/3/7 Captain A C Gaul, Reserve Battalion, later 1st Regiment, South African Infantry, 1914-1916
7854/4/39/3/8 8179 J E Hyslop, H Company 3rd South African Infantry, [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/3/9 2nd Lieutenant Forbes A Jackson, B Company, South African S[pecial Forces], 1916-1917
7854/4/39/3/10 C B Macdonald-Dunlop, E Company, Reserve Battalion, South African Infantry, 1916-1917
7854/4/39/3/11 1466 Provost Sergeant W Newman, B Company, 3rd South African Infantry, 1915
Enclosing a letter dated 6 Dec from Bentley Neal requesting Susan to write to Sergeant Newman
7854/4/39/3/12 Colonel J F Purcell, South African Reserve Brigade, 1916
7854/4/39/3/13 [W G] Stranack [no rank given], 2nd Regiment, South African Infantry, 1915
7854/4/39/3/14 Captain H Eric Turnley, Reserve Battalion, South African Infantry, 1916-1917
7854/4/39/3/15 6230 Private William Willoughby, 4th Platoon, E Company, 2nd Regiment, South African Infantry, 1915

7854/4/39/4 UNITED STATES FORCES, [1915]-1950
7854/4/39/4/1 Privates Henry J Aleckson and Cornelius Castad [no unit given], nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/4/2 William N Cassidy [no rank given], 103rd United States Infantry (formerly 1st Vermont Infantry), 1917
7854/4/39/4/3 Corporal Murray B Cowley, Railway Transportation, 1918-1950
7854/4/39/4/4 Lieutenant Colonel Frank B Cummings, 103rd United States Infantry, 1917

7854/4/39/5 NURSES AND CARERS, 1915-1919

7854/4/39/5/1 'Dilli', 1915-1918
See also 'Dilli' in 7854/4/43/4/19 who appears to be the same person
7854/4/39/5/2 Violet Golt, 1917
7854/4/39/5/3 'Hermione', 1917
7854/4/39/5/4 'Joyce', 1916-1918
7854/4/39/5/5 Dorothy Seymour, 1919

7854/4/39/6 OTHERS, 1915-1918, Includes relatives of serving personnel

7854/4/39/6/1 Nell Barnes, sister of Gunner Chris Wendell [see -/1/83/-] , 1917-1918
7854/4/39/6/2 M Frances [K] Buswell, 1915
7854/4/39/6/3 Beatrice [Corbett], 1916
7854/4/39/6/4 'Doll' [Elizabeth Gibson], 1919
7854/4/39/6/5 [Wife] of George Kohlbeck, nd [1915-1918]
7854/4/39/6/5A Dowager Lady Loch, 1916
7854/4/39/6/6 Lucy Manston, 1916
7854/4/39/6/7 Valerie [A] Maxwell, 1915
7854/4/39/6/8 [The Rev] Bentley Neal, 1918
7854/4/39/6/9 'Nellie', 1915
7854/4/39/6/10 Alice M Owen, sister of H M Owen, Duke of Lancaster's Own Yeomanry , 1915
7854/4/39/6/11 [The Rev] Robert Parry, 1915
7854/4/39/6/12 'Pat', 1918
7854/4/39/6/13 C J Rankin, 1916
7854/4/39/6/14 Ronald G Short, 1916
7854/4/39/6/15 S F M Swinburne, nd [1917]
7854/4/39/6/16 A S [Wallace] and M S Wallace, friends [possibly fiancee and prospective mother-in-law] of 'Dick', who is stationed at Bordon , 1916

7854/4/39/7 NOTES AND LISTS BY SUSAN LUSHINGTON, 1915-[1918]

During the World War II Susan Lushington corresponded with a number of servicemen who were based at the army camp at Bordon near her Kingsley home. They were invited into her home to share her musical interests, and later wrote back to her as serving personnel at home or overseas. The papers include letters from members of British and Canadian forces.

7854/4/40/1 BRITISH FORCES, 1940-[1950]
7854/4/40/2 CANADIAN FORCES, 1940-1944


7854/4/41/1 ANN AND LAURA BALDRY, 1889
Ann Baldry was the widow of William Baldry the Lushington family coachman who died in Yorkshire. Vernon Lushington wrote a poem about Baldry, 'William The Coachman', in a small privately printed volume 'Remembered Words'. Ann migrated to the United States of America

7854/4/41/2 STEPHANIE BELLAIRS, 1931

7854/4/41/3 JANE HOOPER, 1881-1898
The writer signs some of her letters as 'Nurse Hooper' suggesting that she had been employed by the Lushingtons as a nurse when the girls were younger. Jane Hooper is recorded on the 1871 census as working for the Lushingtons as a nurse at 21 New Street, their London house. The family at Gayton Hall was that of Lord and Lady Marsham. Charles Marsham was the 3rd Earl of Romney.

7854/4/41/4 BLANCHE S SHUM, 1882-1890
Miss Shum had been the Lushingtons' nanny

7854/4/41/5 BERTHA TOCHTERMANN, nd [1880s]
Miss Tochtermann was German tutor to the Lushington sisters

7854/4/41/6 JULIA WATSON, 1891-1941
Julia Watson appears to have been formerly been in the employment of the Lushington family at Pyports.

7854/4/41/7 WOODWARD FAMILY, 1884-1932
The Woodwards worked for the Lushingtons at Pyports, Cobham, for many years and lived in Pyports Cottage.




7854/4/42/1 FLORENCE BENNETT, 1919-1920
7854/4/42/2 HENRY COVINGTON, 1936-1938
7854/4/42/3 WILLIAM DUFFY, 1914-1915
7854/4/42/4 MABEL FINDEN, 1924
7854/4/42/5 GERTRUDE HOWAT, 1921-1923
7854/4/42/6 CLARA KOHLBECK, 1917-1930
7854/4/42/7 PAULETT FAMILY, 1925-1929
7854/4/42/8 KATE RANKIN, 1929-1941

Arranged alphabetically by surname or, where no surname exists, by given name.

Correspondence, papers, programmes and newspaper cuttings relating to musical performances organised by Susan Lushington


7854/4/45/1 PROGRAMMES FOR CONCERTS, 1871-1947
Programmes chiefly for concerts in which the Lushingtons, especially Susan, and sometimes the Montgomerys and Massingberds performed. Some of the dates have been added by Susan.




7854/4/47/3 PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS, 1832-1910

The photographs are largely stored in their original packets (most of which have been annotated by Susan Lushington); subjects are family, friends and locations (including homes and gardens, and places visited both in the United Kingdom and abroad). Many of Susan's annotations naming people are of given names only and it is not clear in some cases whether they are relatives or friends. It is also possible that some of the contents of the packets have been mixed. It is likely that Susan, a keen photographer, took many of the photographs of family, friends and locations known to her; others were evidently sent to her by friends. Also included are postcards, Christmas cards, cuttings and souvenir items

7854/4/47/4/1 FAMILY, c.1870-1944
Including family members, family homes and pets, and family employees
7854/4/47/4/2 FRIENDS AND ACQUAINTANCES, 1870s-1941
Some family members are also included
7854/4/47/4/3 LOCATIONS IN SURREY AND HAMPSHIRE, [1917]-1938
Locations in Surrey and Hampshire frequented by the Lushingtons and their circle; family members, friends and acquaintances are also shown in several pictures
7854/4/47/4/4 HOLIDAY AND DAY TRIP VENUES, 1902-1930s
7854/4/47/4/4/1 UNITED KINGDOM, 1903-1930s
7854/4/47/4/4/2 ABROAD, [1901]-1930s
7854/4/47/4/5/1 PRINTS AND CUTTINGS, 1846-20th CENT
Vernon Lushington collected newspaper and magazine cuttings and often enclosed them in letters to his daughters. It is likely that some of the cuttings here were once enclosures to letters he sent to Susan
7854/4/47/4/5/2 GREETINGS CARDS, 19th cent-20th cent
7854/4/47/4/5/3 PAINTINGS AND DRAWINGS, 19th cent-20th cent
7854/4/47/4/6 UNIDENTFIED PHOTOGRAPHS, 19th cent-20th cent
7854/4/47/5 PRINTED ITEMS, 1850s-1951

Administrative / Biographical History

Susan Lushington (1870-1953), the youngest daughter of Vernon and Jane Lushington, never married. After her father's death she moved to Kingsley just over the Surrey border in Hampshire. There she established herself as a rather eccentric, somewhat formidable, but much loved personality. She lived an extremely active and varied life, taking part in musical pursuits of all types and was awarded the MBE in 1943. Many of her musical friends including Ralph Vaughan Williams participated in these musical events. Among her circle of friends in her early years was the explorer and diplomat Gertrude Bell. The archive contains letters from many people involved in the development and performance of music in the early 20th century. During the World War I and World War II Susan Lushington corresponded with a large number of servicemen who were based at the army camp at Bordon near her Kingsley home. They were invited into her home to share her musical interests, and later wrote back to her from the front line.

Access Information

There are no access restrictions.

Acquisition Information

Deposited by Mr R Norris of London through David Taylor of Cobham in October 2005 and January 2014.

Other Finding Aids

An item level description of the archive is available on the Surrey History Centre online catalogue