Scope and Content

The records include a large collection of letters written to Lucy Broadwood, by many of the leading figures in London musical life and in the folk song movement. They chiefly relate to her musical interests. There is also correspondence and material relating to the history of the Broadwood and Tschudi families. Although many personal letters from relatives and family friends are preserved, there are very few letters from Lucy's immediate family and none relating directly to the family firm of John Broadwood and Sons.

The remainder of the collection includes manuscript and printed music, mostly related to Lucy's interest in folk and popular music; and an autograph manuscript of Holst's Quintet in Ab for flute, oboe, clarinet, horn and bassoon (2185/LEB/5/1). There are also a number of photographs; and poems and sketches, both comic and serious, composed by Lucy and her relatives.

The following is a detailed summary of the contents:


2185/LEB/1/ Musical correspondence (first box) 1881-1901
Correspondence found in one of two boxes marked 'Musical'. The letters have been arranged chronologically with undated letters at the end of the sequence. For contents of second box, see below.

2185/LEB/1/ 'Musical correspondence' (second box) 1896-1909
Correspondence found in a second box marked 'Musical'.

2185/LEB/1/ 'Autographs and musical letters' 1908-1926
The following two bundles and loose papers were found in a box marked 'Autographs and Musical Letters'. Bundle 1 is now -/1/153-160; bundle 2 is now -/1/161-187; and the loose papers are now -/1/188-212.

2185/LEB/1/ Musical & technical musical correspondence 1807-1912
This correspondence was found in a box marked 'Musical & Technical Musical' and included letters sent to Lucy Broadwood for her 'autograph' collection by AJ Hipkins, with his covering letter dated 13 Jul 1894 (-/1/214-225).

2185/LEB/1/ 'Literary & distinguished' correspondence 1873-1927
Found in a box marked 'Literary & Distinguished'

2185/LEB/1/ Correspondence from artists & actors 1894-1926
Found in a box marked 'Artists, Actors'.

2185/LEB/1/ Various correspondents: bundle of letters apparently lent and returned mid 19th cent-1895

2185/LEB/1/ Letters from Sir Richmond and Lady [Anne Thackeray] Ritchie 1894-1909

2185/LEB/1/ Various correspondents (bundle 1) 1905-1928

2185/LEB/1/ Various correspondents (bundle 2) 1915-1919

2185/LEB/1/ 'Folk song and autograph letters' 1924-1929

2185/LEB/1/ Gypsy Lore Society 1907-1911
The Gypsy Lore Society was founded in 1888 as an 'international association of persons interested in Gypsy and Traveller Studies'. The first Secretary, and later President, was David MacRitchie. The society was defunct, 1893-1907, before being revived by RA Scott Macfie and Dora Yates. It was dissolved once more in 1974 and revived in the USA in 1989. The society's pre-1974 records and journals are held by the University of Liverpool

2185/LEB/1/ New Spalding Club 1916-1920
The Spalding Club was founded in 1839 for publishing historical, genealogical, topographical and literary works relating to the northeast counties of Scotland. Dissolved in 1870, it was revived as the New Spalding Club in 1886 and continued publishing into the 1920s.

2185/LEB/1/ Ballad operas: Kate the Cabin Boy and Charming Chloe 1921-1929

2185/LEB/1/ Correspondence and photographs from Percy Grainger 1923-1929

2185/LEB/1/ Correspondence with Alexander Keith 1924-1926

2185/LEB/1/ Correspondence relating to the Frank Kidson Music Collection 1928-1929

2185/LEB/1/ Loose correspondence 1906-1929
The following letters, relating mainly to folk song collecting and folklore, were not part of any original bundle and for convenience of listing have been placed together here in date order.

See also 2185/LEB/1/- and 2185/LEB/5/-.

2185/LEB/2/ Notes, sketches and correspondence 1906-1928

2185/LEB/2/ Newscuttings, reviews and journals (including proofs) 1886-1929

2185/LEB/2/ Lucy Broadwood's folksong collection: indexes c.1890-1929

2185/LEB/2/ Parcel of broadsides and other printed ephemera c.1800-1916
This parcel of 19th century broadside ballads and other printed ephemera was sent to Lucy Broadwood under cover of a letter from William Albery, saddler and harness maker, of Horsham, 26 Jul 1916 (-/2/100). It includes broadsides and songsters of popular street and Music Hall songs, mainly printed by Catnach, Fortey, Such and Ryle & Co of London; contemporary accounts of trials and executions for murder; and other 19th cent tracts, pamphlets and chap books, chiefly of a pious nature. Related correspondence from Albery, is held at the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library, Cecil Sharp House, London, and at Horsham Museum. In order to provide more accurate dates and provenance for each ballad sheet, the collection has been compared with the catalogue of Broadside Ballads held by the Bodleian Library, University of Oxford. A note has been made where the Bodleian holds other version of or has no copy of the ballad sheet. Many of the probable publication date-ranges given below are suggested in the Bodleian's catalogue. The Bodleian does not appear to hold many 'songsters' or printed collections of songs. Therefore, while the collection does hold variants of several of the songs contained in the songsters below, some of the songs printed in them appear to be unique. However, a full catalogue listing all these permutations has not been compiled. The Bodleian Broadside Collection does not include chapbooks of the kind included in Lucy's collection and prose pamphlets (-/101-115). For other printed broadsides in Lucy's collection, see -/12/2-5.

2185/LEB/2/ Parcel labelled 'Unbound Pamphlets: Folklore, History etc. LE Broadwood's (presentation etc)' c.1890-1919

2185/LEB/2/ Sale catalogues, advertisements and annual report of Welsh Folk Song Society 1905-1928


2185/LEB/3/ Correspondence concerning royalties 1892-1926

2185/LEB/3/ Leadenhall Press Ltd, London 1891-1926

2185/LEB/3/ JB Cramer & Co Ltd, London 1925-1930

2185/LEB/3/ Boosey & Co, London 1907-1928

2185/LEB/3/ A & C Black Ltd, London 1920-1921

2185/LEB/3/ Oxford University Press, Oxford 1923-1929

2185/LEB/3/ J Curwen & Sons, London 1917

2185/LEB/3/ Musical Copyrights Defence Association 1928-1931

2185/LEB/3/ Other related correspondence 1908-1928


2185/LEB/4/ English popular and folk music c.1710-1923

2185/LEB/4/ Scottish music 1810-1906

2185/LEB/4/ Welsh folk music 1914

2185/LEB/4/ Irish music 1796-1910

2185/LEB/4/ Hebrew music 1815-1896

2185/LEB/4/ Russian and Eskimo [Inuit] songbooks 1905-1911
The following were found in a packet labelled 'Russian and Eskimo Songs'.

2185/LEB/4/ Music of classical composers 1847-1924

The following music was arranged by, dedicated to or collected by Lucy Broadwood, and was not stored in the music box.

2185/LEB/5/ Gustav von Holst: Woodwind quintet in A flat [1903]

2185/LEB/5/ Early music (1588)-[1899]

2185/LEB/5/ Fuller Maitland family: manuscript music books 1842-1888

2185/LEB/5/ Manuscript printed material relating to popular and folksongs 18th cent-1926

2185/LEB/5/ Bundle labelled: 'songs manuscript etc by JAFM, HFBR & RVW dedicated to Lucy Broadwood' c.1880-1903

2185/LEB/5/ Bundle labelled: 'Lucy Broadwood's translated songs including unfinished one for Bach Cantata' 1894-1913

2185/LEB/5/ Alice in Wonderland: manuscript music early 20th cent

2185/LEB/5/ Printed and manuscript music 1889-1928

2185/LEB/5/ Concert programmes and orders of service 1905-1929

Lucy Broadwood, Ralph and Margaret Vaughan Williams and Lady Evangeline Farrer co-founded the Leith Hill Musical Festival in 1905. Vaughan Williams served as Director of the Festival until 1953 and both he and Lucy were long-time members of the Music Selection Committee. Lucy regularly served on the Festival Judges' panel, as, on occasion, did JA Fuller Maitland, Adrian Boult and Malcolm Sargent. For a brief history of the Festival, see Leith Hill Musical Festival 1905-1955 (Pullingers Ltd, Epsom, 1955). For other records relating to the festival see 2054/-, 2143/-, 2228/-, 2359/- and 2452/-. See also the Abinger Hall visitors' book in which Lucy wrote some limericks about the Festival choirs, 1913 (2572/142).

2185/LEB/6/ Schedules and programmes 1920-1930
These printed schedules contain lists of committees, schedules of classes, rules and programmes of events.

2185/LEB/6/ Draft schedules 1926-1930

2185/LEB/6/ Leith Hill Musical Festival Reports 1922-1929
The reports give details of all committees; all choirs and results from the previous year's festival; statement of accounts; list of subscriptions and donations; and general report of all activities.

2185/LEB/6/ Notes on music for the competition 1904-1929

Burckhardt Tschudi (1702-1773) was born in Glarus, Switzerland, and came to London to work in 1718, around which date he adopted the anglicized spelling of his name - Burkat Shudi. He became established as a harpsichord maker to royalty and the upper classes and in 1742 moved to premises in Great Pulteney Street, Soho, London. John Broadwood came to London from Scotland and became apprenticed to Burkat Shudi c.1761. He progressed rapidly and married Burkat's daughter, Barbara, in 1769. The name of Shudi remained in the family although by the late 19th century the spelling had reverted to the Swiss form – Tschudi.

2185/LEB/7/ Family history notes chiefly relating to Tschudi family (1742)-1928

2185/LEB/7/ Glarus, Switzerland: guides, maps, photographs and related material 1714-1928

2185/LEB/7/ Family history notes chiefly relating to Broadwood family 1898-1925

2185/LEB/7/ Family history notes chiefly relating to Stewart family of Glenbuckie and Ardsheal c.1900-1915
Lucy Broadwood's grandfather, James Shudi Broadwood, married his 2nd wife, Margaret Schaw Stewart (1778-1849), in 1804. Although of Scots descent, Margaret was born in Dominica, West Indies, where her father, Daniel Stewart, an army surgeon, was posted. On Daniel's death in 1780 her mother married her cousin, Dr Alexander Field, eventually settling in the southern states of America, where Margaret's brother, also Daniel, became a trader and local agent for Broadwood & Sons. He died in Mexico in 1830 (see -/7/235).

2185/LEB/7/ Family history notes chiefly relating to the Reynardson, Cust, Holland and Birch families 1682-1928
Henry Fowler Broadwood married Juliana Maria Birch in 1840. She was descended from the Cust, Holland and Reynardson families.

In the 1920s, Lucy Broadwood became increasingly interested in the growing debates concerning the authorship of Shakespeare's plays and sonnets; and to the provenance of other references in the texts. See also 6782/41-42.

The successive deposits of family records by the Broadwood Trust in the 1970s included many photographs. The photographs listed below are those identified as most probably having been part of Lucy Broadwood's own collection. It is probable that, as research on the Broadwood family papers continues, more will be identified. This catalogue does not include a collection left by Lucy Broadwood in her will to Leopold Broadwood (2185/296/1-54). Many of the photographs depict family, friends and holidays. Most of the identifications given below are based on MS annotations on the photographs. For photographs of Lucy Broadwood's visits to Glarus, Switzerland, see -/7/113-168.

2185/LEB/9/ Studio photographs of Lucy Broadwood 1861-1927

2185/LEB/9/ Bundle labelled 'amateur snapshots' 19th cent-1925

2185/LEB/9/ Photographs of Cornwall 1914

2185/LEB/9/ Photographs of Switzerland 1923-1925

2185/LEB/9/ Photographs of 84 Carlisle Mansions, Westminster 1901-1907

2185/LEB/9/ Miscellaneous photographs and prints early 19th cent-1928



2185/LEB/11/ Correspondence 1883-1929

2185/LEB/11/ Financial and legal papers 1918-1927

2185/LEB/12/ MISCELLANEOUS 1809-1929

2185/LEB/12/ Songs, newscuttings and pictures c.1813-1929

2185/LEB/12/ Books 1809-1860s
These were found with other books belonging to Lucy Broadwood and are assumed to be part of her collection, some originally belonging to other members of the family

Administrative / Biographical History

Lucy Etheldred Broadwood, youngest of the nine children of Henry Fowler and Juliana Broadwood, was born on 9 August 1858 in the family's holiday home, The Pavilion, Melrose, Scotland. Her father, Henry Fowler, was a partner in and effectively head of the family firm, John Broadwood & Sons, piano manufacturers, of Great Pulteney Street, Soho, London. Her childhood was divided between the family's country home, Lyne, Capel, Surrey, their London town house in Bryanston Square, Marylebone, and later 52 St George's Square, Pimlico. This set a pattern that continued throughout her life.

In 1899, following her mother's death, Lucy moved into 84 Carlisle Mansions, Carlisle Place, Westminster, with her niece, Barbara Craster. When Barbara moved to Wimbledon in 1920, Lucy moved to 20 Queensberry Place, Kensington; then, in 1923, to 41 Drayton Court, Chelsea. She died on 22 August 1929 at Dropmore, Canterbury, Kent, where she had gone to attend a festival.

Lucy Broadwood possessed extensive cultural interests but her main concern was for music. The composer and folk song collector, Ralph Vaughan Williams (1872-1958) described her as possessing a wide knowledge of literature and painting, and a great talent for music, as well as being an excellent pianist and most artistic singer (2297/5). Mary Venables, a friend, referred to her intellectual powers and artistic capacity as singer, pianist, writer and folk song and folklore expert, and praised 'the helping hand she was always willing to give to many young artists' (2297/6).

Lucy was actively involved in London musical life. In her diaries, she described the musical evenings which she held at home in great detail (6782/- passim). Dermod O'Brien, for example, wrote to thank her in 1901 for her hospitality and pleasant parties, 'to say nothing of the education one gets in things musical at your flat' (2185/LEB/1/88). She helped young musicians obtain engagements such as the baritone, James Campbell McInnes (1873-1945) and the composers Percy Grainger (1882-1961) and Graham Peel (1878-1937). The pianist, CA Lidgey, also in 1901, stated that 'some fifteen engagements are to be traced directly and indirectly to yourself' (-/1/58). She arranged or wrote accompaniments to songs, one of which, 'Jess Macpharlane' an old Scottish air, enjoyed much success in the early 1890s (-/1/12).

Lucy Broadwood's main claim to lasting fame is her work in developing the study of folk music. In 1915, Lucy wrote that her earliest musical memory was of sitting on her father's knee whilst he sang her the Scottish folk song, 'the wee little croodin' doo' (Journal of the Folk Song Society, no.19). Although her father did collect songs, the MSS of some of which are held by the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library, London, it is her uncle, the Rev John Broadwood (1798-1864), who is now regarded as the first pioneer of English folk song.

In 1847, John published 'Old English Songs', a collection of songs of Sussex and Surrey sung in the neighbourhood of Lyne that was noted for its fidelity in transcribing the songs exactly as performed (manuscript drafts and printer's proofs, 2185/197/15-18, and published version, 2185/LEB/4/8). The collection was reissued in 1889 as 'Sussex Songs' with the tunes reharmonised by HF Birch Reynardson and with additional songs collected by Lucy Broadwood (-/5/65).

Already sensitive to folk song, in the early 1890s Lucy began collecting specimens from different parts of England. In 1893, in collaboration with JA Fuller Maitland, she published a collection under the title 'English County Songs' which, according to Vaughan Williams, was the 'starting point of the modern folk song movement' (quote, 2297/5; Lucy's annotated copy of 'English County Songs', 2185/LEB/5/118; and proofs, -/4/131)

The following years saw the publication of the Rev Sabine Baring Gould's 'Songs and Ballads of the West' (1889-91) and Frank Kidson's 'Traditional Tunes' (1891). In 1898 the Folk Song Society was established to collect and publish 'Folk Songs, Ballads and Tunes' and Lucy was one of the founder members. Although it aimed 'to save something primitive and genuine from extinction', the Society was initially, in Ralph Vaughan Williams' words, of the 'dilettante and tea party order'. Lucy wrote a humorous poem describing the Society at this time, entitled 'On WBS leaving the Committee of the Folk Song Society' (2185/LEB/10/87). By 1904, the Society itself was at the point of extinction (2297/5).

On 6 February 1904, Lucy met with the composer, Ralph Vaughan Williams, and Cecil Sharp, a London music teacher who had come to folk song through his interest in traditional English dance tunes. Her diary records that they 'discussed [the] Folk Song Society and made a scheme for reviving its dying embers' (6782/18). Sharp and Vaughan Williams were elected members and Lucy became Secretary and editor of the Society's Journal, retaining the latter post until 1926. The emphasis moved from dry academic debate to the active collection and dissemination of folk song and the Society took off.

Important issues of the Journal include a number composed entirely of examples from Lucy's own collection of songs from Sussex and Surrey (no.4, 1902); Miss Tolmie's collection of Gaelic Songs, (no 16, 1911); and a further collection of songs from Surrey and Sussex collected by Lucy, George Butterworth and Francis Jekyll (no.20, 1916). (Journal of the Folk Song Society, nos 1-11 and 14-22, 2185/[294]). Lucy also published a second collection, English Traditional Songs & Carols, in 1908 (for her annotated copies, see 2185/LEB/5/66 & 119)

It is clear from her correspondence and from the comments of Vaughan Williams that Lucy came to disapprove of Cecil Sharp: 'he puffed and boomed and shoved and ousted, and used the Press to advertise himself' (2297/9). When he founded the English Folk Dance Society in 1911 she did not give it her support. She handed over the editorship of the Journal to Frank Howes in 1926 but continued to contribute material. She remained a member of the committee and when Lord Tennyson died in 1928 she was elected president.

Mary Venables, describing aspects of Lucy's personality, commented on 'the sincere and whole hearted satisfaction' which Lucy felt at having adhered to spinsterhood in spite of 'many pressing opportunities of quitting it', and also her great ability in all writing games and in making comical drawings and delightful sketches and rhymes. But another side of her character was reflected in her interest in spiritualism and the interpretation of dreams; and in her serious verses which 'came from the depths of her nature which often appeared to be struggling against sadness and pessimism.' Moreover Mary wrote that Lucy 'dreaded the development of modern science, abominated the sound of aeroplanes and hated to look up at them' (2297/6).

The following is a biographical index to Lucy's correspondents and other key figures.

Albery, William: Saddler & harness maker, historian and folk song collector of Horsham. Helped Henry Burstow, folk singer, to write his autobiography; sent Lucy a parcel of broadside ballads (2185/LEB/2/100-184)

Alma-Tadema, Lady Laura (née Laura Theresa Epps) (1852-1909): Painter and student of Sir Laurence Alma Tadema whom she later married. She worked occasionally as an illustrator, contributing to the English Illustrated Magazine. Their daughter, Anna, also became an artist.

Alma-Tadema, Sir Laurence (alias Laurens or Lorens) (1836-1912): Dutch-born artist; married 2nd wife, Laura Epps in 1871; moved to London, 1870; became naturalised British citizen in 1873; knighted 1899. Their daughter, Anna, was also an artist.

Austen-Leigh, Willy: Great nephew of Jane Austen, author

Backer Gröndahl, Agathe (1847-1907): Pianist and composer

Balfour, Gerald William (2nd Earl of Balfour) (1853–1945): Politician; younger brother of Arthur Balfour (1848-1930), Prime Minister, 1902-1905; MP for Leeds, 1885-1906; private secretary to his brother, 1885-1886; Chief Secretary for Ireland, 1895-1900; and President of Board of Trade, 1900-1905. He succeeded his brother to the Earldom in 1930.

Barclay Squire, William (1855-1927): Music scholar and critic; contemporary of JA Fuller Maitland; founder committee member of Folk Song Society

Baring Gould, Rev Sabine (1834-1924): Collector of folk song and lore; novelist, poet and historian; collected with the Revs F Bussell and H Fleetwood Sheppard

Beer, Mrs. Frederick: Founder committee member of the Folk Song Society

Benson, Lionel: Conductor and musical director of the Magpie Madrigal Society (1880s-?)

Binyon, Laurence (1869-1943):Lancaster-born poet and authority on Oriental Art. Worked in British Museum's Department of Printed Books, 1893-1898; Department of Prints & Drawings, from 1898, of which he eventually became Keeper. Wrote For The Fallen in 1914.

Bispham, David (1857-1921): American baritone. London debut, 1891, in Messanger's La Basoche; sang in US premiere of Ethel Smyth's Der Wald.

Bone, Gertrude (1876-?) (née Dodd): Author; married Muirhead Bone in 1903

Bone, Sir Muirhead (1876 – 1953): Artist; studied architecture and art at the Glasgow School of Art; specialised in etching and drypoint engraving, particularly of architectural subjects. Married Gertrude Dodd in 1903. Served as an official artist during both World Wars; knighted in 1937.

Borwick, Leonard (1868-1925): London-born concert pianist; studied under Mme Schumann, 1883-89

Brahms, Johannes (1833-1897): Composer; died in Vienna.

Broadwood, Bertha Marion (1846-1933): Lucy Broadwood's sister; founder of cottage hospital movement; director of John Broadwood & Sons; managed Lyne estate after death of her brother, James Henry Tschudi (1911)

Broadwood, Evelyn Henry Tschudi (1889-1975): Lucy Broadwood's nephew and executor; lived at Lyne House, Capel. Director of John Broadwood & Sons.

Broadwood, Henry Fowler (1811-1893): Lucy Broadwood's father; married Juliana Maria (née Birch) in 1840; director of John Broadwood & Sons; inherited Lyne House, Capel, from his half-brother, Rev John Broadwood, in 1864

Broadwood, Juliana Maria (née Birch) (1816-1898): Lucy Broadwood's mother; daughter of the Rev Wyrley Birch, of Wretham, Norfolk; married Henry Fowler Broadwood in 1840. Her sister, Elizabeth, married Henry's close friend, Robert Pryor, in 1844. She was a descendant of the Cust, Holland and Reynardson families.

Broadwood, Leopold Alfred Tschudi (1890-1980): Lucy Broadwood's nephew and executor

Broadwood, Rev John (1798-1864): Lucy Broadwood's uncle; folk song collector; inherited Lyne House, Capel in 1851

Burne-Jones, Lady G: Wife of Sir Edward Burne-Jones, Pre-Raphaelite artist

Burstow, Henry: Singer, folk song collector and bellringer of Horsham; with William Albery, wrote Reminiscences of Horsham, 1911, which lists over 400 songs which Burstow could sing from memory.

Butt, Dame Clara (Ellen) (1872-1936): English contralto; studied at Royal College of Music from 1890, and made her debut in 1892. Married the baritone R Kennerley Rumford in 1900; both regularly performed English ballads. Elgar wrote his Sea Pictures (1899) for her, and she became strongly identified with his Land of Hope and Glory; made a DBE in 1920.

Butterworth, George, MC (1885-1916): English composer, folk song and dance collector; friend of Vaughan Williams; killed in action at the Somme, 1 Jul 1916.

Chappell, Arthur (?-1904): Music publisher and concert organiser

Clarke, Sir Ernest: Founder committee member of the Folk Song Society

Clifford, Edward (1844-1907): Painter of portraits and biblical scenes; exhibited at Royal Academy from 1867; member of and officer in Church Army

Clodd, Edward (1840-1930): English banker, anthropologist, evolutionist, anti-spiritualist and agnostic. Author of Tom Tit Tot: An Essay on Savage Philosophy in Folk-Tale (1898) and Animism: The Seed of Religion (1905)

Coleridge, Mary Elizabeth (1861-1907): Poet; several of her poems set to music by Parry, Stanford and Quilter. Great grand neice of Samuel Taylor Coleridge.

Connell, Horatio (1876-?): Baritone and singing teacher at the Julliard and Peabody Schools of Music, USA

Craster, Barbara: Lucy Broadwood's niece; daughter of Edmund Craster by 1st marriage to Katherine Margaret (eldest dau. of Henry Fowler Broadwood); half-sister to Herbert Craster; served as VAD in France, 1914-1916, and in WRNS, 1917-1919

Craster, Sir (Herbert Henry) Edmund (1879-1959): Historian and librarian; DLitt, 1916; Keeper of the Bodleian Library, 1931-1945; author of History of the Bodleian Library, 1845–1945, 1952. Lucy Broadwood's nephew; half-brother to Barbara Craster

D'Urfey (Durfey), Thomas (1653 - 1723): Prolific dramatist and song-writer; famous for satires such as The Richmond Heiress (1693) and his ballads, Wit and Mirth, or Pills to Purge Melancholy (6 vols, 1720-21). Adopted the apostrophe to his name in 1693.

Dannreuther, Edward (1844-1905): Concert pianist of German origin; settled in London after his début, 1863; close friend of Wagner; founded the Wagner Society in London, 1872; promoted chamber concerts in his home, 1874-1893; contributor to Grove's Dictionary of Musicians

Davies, Fanny (1861-1934): Student of Reinecke and Clara Schumann; London debut, 1885; specialized in Brahms, Beethoven, Schumann, also English virginal music

Dearmer, Dr Percy (1867-1937): Took holy orders in 1890; vicar of St. Mary the Virgin, Primrose Hill, London, 1901-1915; served in Serbia, France and India, 1915-1918; professor of ecclesiastical art at King's College, London, from 1919; canon of Westminster Abbey, 1931-1937. Publications include: The English Liturgy (general editor, 1903), The English Hymnal (1906), The English Carol Book (1913, 1919), Songs of Praise (1925), and the Oxford Book of Carols (1928). He made liberal use of folk melody.

Derenburg, Ilona (née Eibenschütz) (1872?-1967): Hungarian pianist; studied in Vienna and Frankfurt; married Carl Derenburg (d.1927), 1902

Dohnanyi, Ernst van (1877-1960): Hungarian composer, conductor and pianist. Emigrated to Florida, USA, 1947.

Dolmetsch, Arnold (1858-1940): Musician and musical craftsman; pioneer of revival of interest in performing using 'authentic' instruments

Du Maurier, George (1834-1898): Cartoonist and author of the novel and play Trilby, which features the evil Svengali. Father of actor-manager, Gerald, and grandfather of novelist, Daphne.

Duncan, Rev James B (1848-1917): Scottish folk song collector; worked with Gavin Greig

Elwes, Gervase (1866-1921): English tenor; lived at the Manor House, Brigg, Lincolnshire.

English Folk Dance & Song Society (1932-present): Established by the merger of the Folk Song Society and the English Folk Dance Society

English Folk Dance Society (1911-1932): Established by Cecil Sharp in 1911; merged with Folk Song Society in 1932 to form English Folk Dance & Song Society

Farrer, Katherine Euphemia (née Wedgwood) (1839-1931): From 1899, lived at Idle Rocks, Stone, Staffordshire; 2nd wife of Lord Thomas Henry Farrer, 1873

Farrer, Lord Thomas Cecil, 2nd Baron Farrer of Abinger (1859-1940): Preseident of Society of Genealogists from 1922; lived at Abinger Hall; 1st son by 1st wife of Lord Thomas Henry Farrer; married (1) Evelyn Mary Spring-Rice (d.1898), 1892 (2) Evangeline Knox, 1903; inherited title in 1899

Farrer, Lord Thomas Henry, 1st Baron Farrer of Abinger (1819-1899): Barrister; cr. Baronet, 1883, and baron, 1893; lived at Abinger Hall; married (1) Frances Erskine, 1854, and (2) Katherine Euphemia Wedgwood, 1873

Folk Song Society, 1898-1932: Established on 16 Jun 1898 'for the preservation and publication of folk-songs and melodies'. Merged with the English Folk Dance Society (estab 1911) in 1932 to form the English Folk Dance & Song Society.

Folville, Juliet: Pianist and composer of Atala

Forbes-Robertson, Sir Johnston (1853 - 1937): English actor, best known as Romeo, Macbeth, Othello, and Hamlet, whom he played in an early silent film, 1913

Fortescue Brickdale, Eleanor RWS (1871/2-1945): Oil and watercolour painter, designer of stained glass, and book illustrator

Frazer, Sir JG (1854–1941): Scottish anthropologist and author of The Golden Bough: A Study in Magic and Religion (1890); knighted 1914

Freeman, A Martin: Collector of Irish folk song and lore. Some of his folksongs were published in Folk Song Society Journal, 1920-1921.

Frere, Walter Howard (1863-1938): Writer on plainsong, liturgy and the Russian Orthodox Church; Superior of the Community of the Resurrection, Mirfield, West Yorks, 1902-1913, 1916-1922 ; Bishop of Truro, 1923-1935

Fuller-Maitland, JA (John Alexander or 'JAFM'), (1856-1936): Music critic of The Times, 1889-1911; writer on musical matters; founder committee member of the Folk Song Society; studied under WS Rockstro; editor of and contributor to Grove's Dictionary of Musicians; distant relation by marriage.

Gardiner, Henry Balfour (1877 - 1950): British composer and folk song collector (partic. in Hants); composed Shepherd Fennel's Dance (after Thomas Hardy); became noted promoter of performances of music by other British composers. Also collected with George Gardiner (no relation).

Gatty, Nicholas Comyn (1874-1946): Yorkshire born composer and musical journalist. His first opera, Greysteel, premiered in Sheffield in 1906.

Gilchrist, Annie G (1863-1954): Folk song collector particularly specialising in early psalm and hymn tunes and music of Lancashire and NE England; on Editorial board of Folk Song Society, 1906-1954; OBE, 1948.

Gill, WH: Founder committee member of the Folk Song Society

Gleichen, Countess Valda (Victoria) von (1868-1951): Born in London. Married Percy Wilfred Machell (KIA, 1916), 5 Dec 1905, and styled Lady Valda Machell.

Gomme, Lady Alice Bertha (née Merck) (1852-1938): Authority on folklore, particularly children's games. Founder committee member of the Folk Lore Society and Folk Song Society. Became Lady Gomme in 1911.

Gomme, Sir (George) Laurence (1853-1916): Founder of the Folk Lore Society and historian of London; author of The Handbook of Folklore (1890); in 1875, married Alice Bertha Merck. Gomme was knighted in 1911.

Grainger, Percy Aldridge (1882-1961): Australian pianist, folk song collector and composer; friend of Grieg and Delius; lived in London, 1900-1915, and thereafter in the USA; pioneered use of phonograph to collect folksong. His mother, Rose (1862-1922), exerted a strong influence over his life and career.

Graves, Alfred Perceval (1846-1931): Irish poet and founder committee member of the Folk Song Society. Publications include: Songs of Old Ireland, co-edited with Stanford (1882); Irish Songs and Ballads, co-edited with Stanford (1893); The Irish Song-Book (1897); Songs of Erin, with Charles Wood (1901). Father of novelist, poet and classicist, Robert Graves.

Greig, Gavin (1856-1914): Scottish preacher and folk song collector and poet; native of Aberdeen; wrote a weekly column for the Buchan Observer. Working with the Rev James B Duncan, collected c.3000 Scottish folksongs which were published posthumously as Last Leaves of Traditional Ballads and Ballad Airs (editor, Alexander Keith, Buchan Press, 1925). Distantly related to Edvard Grieg, whose ancestor changed the spelling of the family name. Greig & Duncan's MSS are held at School of Scottish Studies, Edinburgh University

Grieg, Edvard (1843-1907): Norwegian composer; interested in folk song; distant relation of Gavin Greig

Gypsy Lore Society: An 'international association of persons interested in Gypsy and Traveller Studies', founded in 1888 by David MacRitchie. Society defunct, 1893-1907, revived by Scott Macfie and Dora Yates. Dissolved in 1974 and revived in the USA in 1989. The society's pre-1974 records and journals are held by the University of Liverpool

Hadow, William Henry (1859-1937): Music scholar and contributor to Grove's Dictionary of Musicians; wrote particularly on Croatian music, Schumann and Haydn. Fellow of Worcester College, Oxford.

Hale, Alfred Matthew (1876-1960): Composer and musician. Conscripted in 1916 and served in the Royal Flying Corps. Wrote The Ordeal of Alfred M Hale: the memoirs of a soldier servant, ed. Paul Fussell (London, 1975). Original TS held at Imperial War Museum.

Hallé, Charles (1819-1895): Pianist and conductor

Hassall, John, 1868-1948: Book illustrator; trained in Paris, fl. from 1895 onwards, illustrating books, magazines, theatre and commercial posters

Heller, Stephen (1813-1888): Hungarian-born composer, particularly for piano; and pianist

Henschel, Lillian June (née Bailey) (1860–1901): American soprano; she made her debut in Boston in 1876, then studied (1878) with Viardot-Garcia in Paris and later with George Henschel, whom she married in 1881

Henschel, Sir George (1850-1934): German-English conductor, composer, and baritone; debut as singer in England, 1877; Boston Symphony Orchestra's first conductor, 1881-1884; returned to England, 1884; professor of singing at the Royal College of Music, London, 1886-1888; founder and conductor of the London Symphony Concerts, 1886-1897; knighted in 1914.

Herkomer, Sir Hubert, RA (1849-1914): Bavarian-born social-realist artist, portraitist and engraver; came to England in 1857; interested in early film-making, theatre design and direction; in 1883, founded a school of art at Bushey, Herts, and was its Director until 1904.

Herschell, Lord, (1837-1899): Founder President of the Folk Song Society; barrister; Lord Chancellor, 1892-1895

Hess, Myra (1890-1965): Pianist; famous for her morale-boosting concerts at the National Gallery during the Second World War

Hipkins, AJ (1826-1903): Employee of John Broadwood & Sons; specialist and collector of ancient musical instruments; with Dolmetsch, a pioneer of the 'authentic' music movement; contributor to Grove's Dictionary

Holst, Gustav (von) (1874-1934): Composer and folk song collector; close friend of Vaughan Williams; most famous for The Planets Suite

Howes, Frank (1891-1974): Editor of the Folk Song Society Journal, 1926-?; music critic for The Times; his folk song papers are now held at the Music Faculty Library, University of Oxford

Hyde, Douglas (1860-1949): Gaelic revivalist, poet and first President of Ireland, 1938-1945

Jacomb-Hood, George Percy, RBA RE (1857-1929): Painter and illustrator, particularly of mythological scenes and contemporary genre; worked mainly for the Graphic; born in Redhill, Surrey

Jacques, E F: Founder committee member of the Folk Song Society

Janotha, Natalie (1856–1932): Polish concert pianist

Joachim, Joseph (1831-1907): Concert violinist, teacher and conductor; protégé of Mendelssohn's; formed a close working relationship with Johannes Brahms. Generally regarded as one of the finest violinists of his generation.

Joyce, PW (1827-1914): Irish historian, folklorist and song collector; publications include Ancient Irish Music (1873), Irish Music and Songs (1888), Old Irish Folk Music and Songs (1909) and A Social History of Ancient Ireland (1913)

Kalisch, A (1863-1933): Musical journalist; promoted music of Richard Strauss; Hon. Treasurer of the Folk Song Society (1898-?)

Karpeles, Maud (1885-1976): Folk song collector and assistant to Cecil Sharp

Keel, Frederick (1871-1954): English baritone and composer of songs. Interned at Rühleben camp in Germany, 1914-1918

Keith, Alexander (b.1895): Journalist and folk song collector from Aberdeen. Following deaths of Greig and Duncan, Keith, with William Walker, saw into print the publication of a portion of Greig and Duncan's collection of North Eastern Scottish Folk Song: Last Leaves of Traditional Ballads and Ballad Airs Collected in Aberdeenshire by the late Gavin Greig (1925). His papers relating to the ballad collections are held by the Special Libraries and Archives Collction, Aberdeen University.

Kennedy Scott, Charles (b.1876): Conductor of the Oriana Madrigal Choir and the Philharmonic Choir

Kennerley, R. Rumford (1870-1957): English baritone; married Clara Butt, 1900, and often gave joint recitals with her; served in the British Military Intelligence Department during World War I. 

Kidson, Frank (1855-1926): Leeds-born, self-taught music scholar and authority on early English music and folk song. His speciality was popular music, particularly the songs, ballad operas, dancers and publishers of the 18th century in England. He did not collect songs 'in the field' as Vaughan Williams did, preferring instead to use published sources. Founder committee member of the Folk Song Society. Contributor to Grove's Dictionary of music and musicians. Most significant publications: Old English Dances (1890); Traditional Tunes (1891); British music publishers, printers and engravers (1900). Many of his papers held at the Mitchell Library, Glasgow; some material also at Vaughan Williams Memorial Library.

Leather, Ella: Collector of folk song, dance and lore from Herefordshire and Welsh Marches; some of her papers are held amongst the Lucy Broadwood MSS at the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library

Lee, Miss Kate: Honorary Secretary of the Folk Song Society, 1898-1904; folk song collector

Lehmann, Liza (Elizabetta Nina Mary Frederica Lehmann) (1862-1918): English composer and soprano; successful career as concert singer (début London), 1885-1894; studied composition with Hamish McCunn and Herbert Bedford. Works include: In a Persian Garden; Rubaiyát of Omar Khayyám (London, 1896). Married Herbert Bedford (1867-1945), in 1894.

Leighton, Sir Frederick, Baron Leighton of Stretton (1830-1896): Pre-Raphaelite painter

Leith Hill Musical Festival (1905-present): Founded by Evangeline Farrer, wife of Lord Thomas Cecil Farrer, and Margaret Vaughan Williams in 1905; founder committee members included Margaret's brother, Ralph Vaughan Williams and Lucy Broadwood

Lidgey, Charles A: Pianist and solicitor; regularly accompanied Lucy and James Campbell MacInnes

Lucas, EV (Edward Verrall) (1868–1938): British journalist, biographer and essayist.

MacCunn, Hamish (1868-1916): Scottish composer, conductor and teacher; trained at the Royal College of Music; professor at the Royal Academy of Music; tutor of Liza Lehmann.

Macfarren, Lady: Most probably Lady Clara Natalia Macfarren (1827-1916), widow of Sir GA Macfarren (1813-1887), who was Principal of the Royal Academy of Music. She was renowned as a translator of German and Italian song, particularly Wagner.

Macfarren, Prof. Walter Cecil (1826-1905): Composer, critic and professor of piano, Royal Academy of Music, 1846-1903; married Julia Fanner (d.1902), 1852

Macfie, (Robert Andrew) Scott (1868-1935): Expert on Roma/Gypsies and their language, dialect, folk-tales and songs; revived the Gypsy Lore Society in 1907; co-Editor of the Gypsy Lore Society Journal, 1907-1914, 1932-1935. His MSS are held by the University of Liverpool

Mackail, John William (1859–1945): Classicist, writer on William Morris; Fellow of Royal Academy, 1914; Oxford University Professor of Poetry; married Edward Burne-Jones' daughter, Margaret; father of author Angela Thirkell

Mackenzie, Sir Alexander C (1847-1935): Scottish composer and Principal of the Royal Academy of Music; first president of the Folk Song Society

Maclean, Kate [alias McLean, McClean, MacClean]: Native of Arisaig, Inverness, from whom Lucy collected many Gaelic folk songs in 1906 and 1907. Lucy also collected songs from Kate's father, 'Old Mr Maclean'.

Magpie Madrigal Society: Estab. mid 1880s as The Magpie Minstrels, renamed in 1896; by mid 1880s regarded as one of the most important unaccompanied choirs in Britain. Repertoire chosen by Lionel Benson, Parry and Barclay Squire: mainly taken from 16th/17th cents, published as Arion: A Collection of Madrigals, Glees and Part-Songs (1899); also promoted contemporary works written by, among others, Parry, Stanford, CH Lloyd, Alan Gray, Eaton Faning, George Henschel, Jacques Blumenthal, Charles Wood, Vaughan Williams, Maude Valerie White and Arthur Somervell.

McInnes, James Campbell (1873-1945): Lancashire born baritone, regarded during the early 1900s as England's 'favourite concert baritone'. A protégé of Lucy Broadwood's, he sang in the premières of several of Vaughan Williams' works. He was a regular visitor and introduced the composer Graham Peel to Lucy's circle in 1903. He and Peel lived together until, in 1911, after a six-week courtship, McInnes married Angela Mackail (see Thirkell and Mackail). Angela divorced him in 1917 on grounds of cruelty and remarried in 1918. McInnes served in the Royal Flying Corps for the remainder of the war and emigrated to Canada in 1919. He became a Professor of English at Toronto University and organised a series of concerts and lectures known as the 'Tuesday Nine O'Clocks'. He was responsible for introducing much contemporary English music to the Canadian music scene. Their two surviving sons, Graham McInnes and Colin MacInnes [sic], were also novelists.

Merrick, W Percy: Braille linguist and folk song collector from Shepperton

Metcalfe, Susan: American soprano; married to cellist, Pablo Casals, 1914-1928

Morrison, Arthur (1863–1945): English novelist and journalist for National Observer. Wrote detective fiction and about folk lore and social issues. Lived at Salcombe House, Loughton, Essex

Murray, Miss MA (Margaret Alice) (1863-1963): Reader of Egyptology at University College, London; author of The Witch Cult in Western Europe, 1921; president of the Folklore Society, 1953-1955

O'Neill, Norman (1875-1934): Composer and conductor, chiefly for the theatre, particularly, the Haymarket. He studied with Arthur Somervell at the Hoch Academy, Frankfurt (alongside Percy Grainger, Roger Quilter and Balfour Gardiner); married pianist and teacher, Adine Ruckert, (1875-1947). O'Neill taught harmony and composition at the Royal Academy; regular broadcaster in radio's early days; Hon Treasurer of the Royal Philharmonic Society, 1918-1934.

Osborne, George Alexander (1806-1893): Irish pianist and composer; friend of Berlioz and Chopin

Pachmann, Madame Marguerite de (née Maggie Oakey) (b.1864): Australian-born pianist; came to London in 1870s and studied at Royal College of Music; in 1883, became student and, 1884, wife of Russian concert pianist, Vladimir de Pachmann (1848-1933); marriage eventually dissolved

Paderewski, Ignacy Jan (1860-1941): Polish concert pianist and composer; launched his career in 1885.

Parratt, Sir Walter (1841-1924): Organist of Magdalen College, Oxford and St. George's Chapel, Windsor (c.1882-1924); Professor of Music at Oxford (1908-18), Dean of the Faculty of Music of London University (1916-20) and Professor of the Royal College of Music; Master of the Royal Music (1893-1924); knighted in 1892. Also writer and composer of religious and secular music.

Parry, Charles Hubert Hastings (1848-1918): Composer, music scholar, founder Vice-President of the Folk Song Society. Began teaching at the Royal College of Music in 1883; Director, 1894-1918; Professor of Music at Oxford University, 1900-1908

Pauer, Ernst (1826-1905): Pianist, composer and professor of music.

Peel, Graham (1878-1937): Composer, folk song collector and social worker; companion of James Campbell McInnes.

Playford, John (1623-1686): Music publisher trading at Temple Church, London. Most famous for publishing The English Dancing Master, or Plaine & easie Rules for the Dancing of Country Dances, better known as Playford's Dancing Master

Playford's Dancing Master (originally known as The English Dancing Master): First book of English social dances, published by John Playford in 1651; contained the steps and tunes for 105 English dances, based on both traditional and popular music of the day. From 2nd edn in 1657, known solely as The Dancing Master. The series ran to 18 edns of the 1st volume (1651–1728), 4 of a 2nd (1710–1728), and 2 of a 3rd (1719?–1726?). All 3 vols encompass 1,053 dances and tunes, including 186 tunes without dances and 3 songs.

Plunket Greene, Harry (1865-1936): Dublin-born concert bass baritone. Pre-eminent as a interpreter of English song by such as Parry, Stanford, Elgar and Vaughan Williams

Pollock, Sir Frederick (1845-1937): Barrister and law writer; called to the bar in 1871

Prout, Ebenezer (1835-1909): Organist, musical scholar

Quiller Couch, Arthur (1863–1944) (alias Q): English academic and author; editor of many anthologies, including the Oxford Book of English Verse (1900) and the Oxford Book of English Prose (1923). Knighted in 1910

Quilter, Roger (1877–1953): Sussex-born composer of songs and pieces for piano; promoted by Gervase Elwes. Contemporary of Grainger, and Balfour Gardiner at the Hoch Conservatory in Frankfurt.

Ravogli, Giulia: Operatic contralto; famed for her portrayal of 'Orfeo' and 'Carmen'

Reynardson, Herbert F Birch: Lucy's cousin; co-editor with her of Sussex Songs (1889)

Ritchie, Lady Richmond (née Annie Thackeray) (1837-1919): Proto-feminist author; eldest daughter of William Makepeace Thackeray; her sister married Leslie Stephen in 1867; author of A Book Of Sibyls: Mrs. Barbauld, Miss Edgeworth, Mrs. Opie, Miss Austen (1883); in 1877, married her cousin, Richmond Ritchie, 17 years her junior.

Ritchie, Sir Richmond, Thackeray Willoughby (1854-1912): Career diplomat; entered India Office, 1877, and held sucession of positions, culminating in Permanent Under Secretary of State, India Office, 1910-1912. Married Anne Thackeray, 1877; knighted 1907.

Rockstro (formerly Rackstraw), William Smyth (1823-1895): Music historian and critic; contributor to Grove's Dictionary of Music & Musicians; gave Lucy Broadwood singing lessons, 1891 (see her diary, 6782/7-8)

Rogers, JP (1823-1895): Founder committee member of the Folk Song Society

Salaman, Charles (1814-1901): Composer of English and Jewish choral music; pianist

Santley, Sir Charles (1834-1922): English baritone singer; made his debut in Haydn's Creation in 1857; from 1862, devoted himself to Italian operas

Sapellnikov, Vassili (1868-1941): 19th century concert pianist; later teacher

Schreyer, Johannes: German music historian and Bach scholar

Schroeder, Leopold von (1851-1920): Medievalist and Grail historian; worked closely with Jessie Weston

Schumann, Eugenie (1851-1938): Daughter and biographer of the pianists and composers, Robert and Clara Schumann

Shakespeare, William (1849-1931):Singer, pianist, teacher, composer; gave Lucy Broadwood singing lessons, 1891 (see her diary, 6782/7-8)

Sharp, Cecil (1859-1924): Folk song and dance collector; member of Folk Song Society from 1904; founder of English Folk Dance Society in 1911; collected Appalachian folksongs, c.1916-1918. Publications include: Folk Songs From Somerset, with CL Marson; Songs Of The West, with S Baring Gould; English Folk Songs For Schools, with S Baring Gould; English Folk Carols; English Folk Chanterys; English Folksongs From The Southern Appalachian Mountains, edited by Maud Karpeles. Biographies: Cecil Sharp, AH Fox Strangeways with Maud Karpeles; Cecil Sharp-His Life And Work, Maud Karpeles

Sims Reeves, John (1818-1900): English concert tenor

Somervell, Sir Arthur (1863-1937): Composer; Professor of Harmony and Composition at the Royal College of Music, 1893-1901; Inspector of Music to the Board of Education. His works include Highland Concerto, The Passion of Christ, Maud, The Shropshire Lad

Spring-Rice, Cecil (1859-1918): Ambassador to America, 1912-1918; Wrote words for 'I Vow to Thee My Country' (music by Gustav Holst (1874-1934))

Spring-Rice, Thomas Aubrey, 3rd Baron Monteagle (1883-1934): 2nd son of Thomas Spring-Rice, 2nd Baron; cr. Baron, 1926. Died unmarried and without issue

Stainer, Sir John (1840-1901): Composer; Organist of St Paul's Cathedral, London; Founder President of the Folk Song Society

Stanford, Sir Charles Villiers (1852-1924): Composer, music scholar; professor of composition at the Royal College of Music, 1883-1923, and Professor of Music at Cambridge, 1887; notable students were Vaughan Williams, Holst, George Butterworth, Arthur Bliss, and Grainger. Founder Vice-President of the Folk Song Society.

Stavenhagen, Bernhard (1862-1914): Pianist and student of Lizst

Stirling, Fanny: Actress; part of Ben Webster's company at the St James' Theatre, London, in 1863; coaxed out of retirement to play the nurse opposite Ellen Terry's 'Juliet' in Henry Irving's production of Romeo & Juliet at the Lyceum, London, 1882

Straus, Ludwig (1835-1899): Eminent concert violinist of the late 19th cent

Strauss, Richard (1864-1949): German composer and conductor

Sumner, Heywood (George Heywood Maunoir Sumner) (1853-1940): Illustrator, painter and wood engraver; leading figure in the Arts & Crafts Movement; designed arts & crafts wallpapers, tapestries and other textiles, metal furniture and stained glass; also interested in archaeology. Married Agnes Benson, 1883; lived at Cuckoo Hill, Fordingbridge, Hants, from 1904

Tennyson, Lord Hallam (also known as Arthur) (1852-1928): Son of Lord Alfred Tennyson, poet; Governor of Australia, 1899-1902, 1st Governor-General, 1902-1904; President of the Folk Song Society, 1904-1928

Thirkell, Angela (1890-1961): Novelist, particularly of the 'Barsetshire chronicles'; married (1) James Cambell McInnes, 1911, divorced, 1917, and (2) Australian soldier, George Lancelot Thirkell, 1918; emigrated to Australia, 1920; in 1929, left Thirkell and her children from 1st marriage, and returned, with son from 2nd marriage, to live with her parents, the Mackails, in London.

Todhunter, Dr: Founder committee member of the Folk Song Society

Tolmie, Frances (d.1926): Scottish folk song collector; lived in the Hebrides

Vaughan Williams, Ralph (1872-1958): Composer and folk song collector; student of Parry, Stanford and Ravel; musical editor of English Hymnal (1903); co-founder and conductor of the Leith Hill Musical Festival, 1904-1953; served in Royal Army Medical Corps, 1914-1916, and Royal Garrison Artillery, 1916-1919; worked with EM Forster on Abinger Pageant, 1934; author of National Music and other Essays (1934); long-time friend of Lucy Broadwood, Gustav Holst and George Butterworth. Major vocal works include Five Mystical Songs, Folk Song Suite and Pilgrim's Progress. His papers are now held by the British Library.

Verne, Mathilde (1865-1936): English concert pianist and teacher; herself a pupil of Clara Schumann.

Wakefield, Miss (Augusta) Mary (1853-1910): Founder of the Wakefield Competition and Festival at her home at Sedgewick, Cumbria, 1885, transferred to Kendal, 1886. With Lady Mary Trefusis founded the Association of Competition Festivals in 1904.

Walker, Ernest (1870-1949): Director of music at Balliol College, Oxford, 1901-1925

Walthew, Richard Henry (1872-1951): Composer and musical director of the Passmore Edwards Settlements, 1900-1904

Ward, Mrs Humphrey (Mary, née Arnold) (1851-1920): Author and journalist

Warlich (alias Wahrlich), Reinhold von (1879-1939): German singer

Wedgwood, Frances Julia (1833-1913): Sister to Katherine Euphemia Farrer; granddaughter of Josiah Wedgwood

Wedgwood, Godfrey (1833-1905): Master potter to the Queen and great grandson of Josiah Wedgwood; married Hope Wedgwood, 1876; died at Idle Rocks, Stone, Staffs

Wedgwood, Hope Elizabeth (1844-1935): Sister of Katherine Euphemia Farrer and Frances Julia Wedgwood; 2nd wife of Godfrey Wedgwood (cousin), 1876


Lucy Broadwood's papers, unlike her sister Bertha's, were mostly found in a single first floor room at Lyne, the family's Surrey home, when it was cleared after the death of Captain Evelyn Broadwood in 1975. She had bundled many of the letters together and kept them in a number of small boxes. This arrangement has been retained and the title of each bundle is quoted at the appropriate place in the catalogue. Although the letters were bundled on a rough subject basis, letters related by writer or subject may be found in different bundles. Some were retained specifically as a collection of autograph letters. AJ Hipkins, the doyen of John Broadwood and Sons, and writer on early musical instruments, sent Lucy a few such distinguished letters of his own to add to the collection (2185/LEB/1/214-225).

Access Information

There are no access restrictions.

Acquisition Information

Deposited by the Broadwood Trust in 1977 with other records relating to the family and to the piano manufacturing firm of John Broadwood and Sons.

Other Finding Aids

Some items from the collection are highlighted in this catalogue. An item level description of the whole archive is available on the Surrey History Centre online catalogue

Related Material

For diaries of Lucy Broadwood, 1882-1929, see 6782/-; for additional books and papers relating to or created by Lucy Broadwood, 1739-1980, see 2297/-, 2185/BMB/- and 6192/-.

Additional manuscript material relating to Lucy Broadwood is held by the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library, library and archive of the English Folk Dance & Song Society, Cecil Sharp House, Regents Park Road, London. The collection includes songs, street cries, singing games and tunes collected by or sent to Lucy, together with related correspondence. They also hold her annotated copies of the Journal and an Edison phonograph (c.1905) believed to have been hers.

Lucy Broadwood's wax cylinder recordings of Gaelic songs are held by the British Library National Sound Archive. Recorded copies are available to researchers there or at the Vaughan Williams Memorial Library.

In her will, Lucy requested that copies of all her material relating to Gaelic song should be lodged with the British Museum and the Library of Advocates, Edinburgh (now part of the National Library of Scotland). This wish does not appear to have been fulfilled.


By Lucy Broadwood:

'On the Collecting of English Folk Song', lecture delivered by Lucy Broadwood, 14 March 1905 (2185/BMB/9/50);
English County Songs , eds. Lucy Broadwood and JA Fuller Maitland (London, 1893);
English Traditional Songs & Carols , ed. Lucy Broadwood (London, 1908);
Leaves from the Family Tree , poems by Broadwood family members (St Martins Press, Market Weighton, Yorkshire, [1920])

About Lucy Broadwood:

In Search of Song: The Life and Times of Lucy Broadwood , Dorothy de Val, (Ashgate, 2011)
'The Transformed Village: Lucy Broadwood and Folksong', Dorothy de Val, in Music and British Culture, 1785-1914: Essays in Honour of Cyril Ehrlich , eds Christina Bashford and Leanne Langley, (Oxford, 2000);
'Lucy Broadwood, 1858-1929', Ralph Vaughan Williams, in Journal of the English Folk Dance and Song Society, vol.V, no.3, Dec 1948 (2297/5);
'Lucy Etheldred Broadwood' by Mary Venables (unpublished, Feb 1930) (2297/6);
Broadwood by Appointment , David Wainwright (London, 1982);
RVW: a Biography of Ralph Vaughan Williams , Ursula Vaughan Williams (Oxford, 1964)


Introduction to English Folk Song , Maud Karpeles (Oxford, 1973);
Journal of the Folk Song Society , 1898-1923;
Journal of the English Folk Dance & Song Society , 1923 to present;
Folk music in Britain and beyond , Frank Howes (London, 1969);
Dictionary of National Biography (Oxford);
Grove's Dictionary of Music & Musicians (London);
Who Was Who and Debrett's peerage, baronetage & knightage

Geographical Names