E B Tylor Correspondence

Scope and Content

/1 Letter, dated February 4 1899, from E. B. Tylor to H. Ling Roth concerning his views of Aboriginal concave scrapers and "duckbills". Original reference: T.1.

/2 Letter, dated February 14 1899, from E. B. Tylor to H. Ling Roth re. Aboriginal concave scrapers. Original reference: T.2.

/3 Letter, dated February 26 1899, from E. B. Tylor to H. Ling Roth concerning his dislike of the Tasmanian implement sketches, and sends some better drawings; [presumably these are the drawings by Alfred Robinson facing p 145 in Aborigines of Tasmania]. Original reference: T.4.

/4 Letter, dated February 27 1899, from E. B. Tylor to H. Ling Roth concerning displays for the public. Original reference: T.3.

/5 Letter, dated March 1st 1899, from E. B. Tylor to H. Ling Roth complains about the implement drawings, as too "diagrammatic" and not showing how they were used. Original reference: T.5.

/6 Letter , dated March 11th 1899, from E. B. Tylor to H. Ling Roth concerning Tasmanian implements. Original reference: T.6.

/7 Letter, dated April 24th 1899, from E. B. Tylor to H. Ling Roth concerning drawings of Joseph Paxton Moir's Tasmanian implements; approves of the work done on craniology. Original reference: T.7.

/8 Letter dated April 28th 1899, from E. B. Tylor to H. Ling Roth concerning a correction he must make to the text. Original reference: T.8.

/9 Letter, dated 12th January 1904, from E. B. Tylor to H. Ling Roth concerning native tools, looking for any evidence Tasmanians used stone hatchets or tools included wooden parts "the more I look into Tasmanians, the more they interest me".

/10 letter 4th January 1908, from Hermann B. Ritz to E. B. Tylor concerning Aboriginal language (forwarded to HLR). Ritz believes Roth's account is "well chosen and on the whole remarkably correct".

Administrative / Biographical History

Edward Burnett Tylor (1832-1917) was a leading Victorian anthropologist, and one who played a key role in the development of anthropology as a discipline. He is known for his theories of cultural evolution and social development, most famously expounded in Primitive Culture and Anthropology. Tylor was Keeper of the University Museum at Oxford from 1883, and a lecturer (1883-1884), reader in anthropology (1884-1895), and finally professor of anthropology at Oxford University. Tylor advised Roth on various aspects of The Aborigines of Tasmania, especially Aboriginal tools, using his knowledge of the collection at the Pitt Rivers Museum, Oxford. The stone implements described in this correspondence relate to the images which appearing facing p.145 in the second edition of The Aborigines of Tasmania. Tylor wrote the prefaces to both editions of the book.