Baring, Evelyn, 1st Earl of Cromer (1841-1917)

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Correspondence and a typescript of the Greek poet Moschus' Europa , 1911, translated by Baring.

Administrative / Biographical History

Evelyn Baring was born on 26 February 1841 at Cromer Hall, Norfolk He was educated at the Ordnance School, Carshalton; Woolwich, 1855-1858. In 1858 Baring entered the Royal Artillery, and was commissioned in 1870. He reached the rank of Major in 1876. Whilst in the Royal Artillery, Baring was stationed in the Ionian Islands, where he learnt Greek. Whilst there he took on secretarial duties before undertaking similar roles in Jamaica and India. In 1876 Baring was sent to Egypt where he became the Commissioner of Egyptian Public Debt between 1877-1879 and Controller-General in 1879. Baring was appointed a financial member of the Council of the Governor General of India in 1880. He returned to the imperial administration of Egypt in 1884, serving first as the Financial Assistant at the Conference in London on Egyptian Finance in 1884 and as Agent and Consul-General in Egypt between 1883-1907.

Baring was created Baron Cromer in 1892; Viscount Cromer in 1899 and Earl of Cromer in 1901. During his career in the army and the Civil Service, Baring was awarded the CIE, 1876; KCSI, 1883; CB 1885; KCB 1887; OM and GCMG 1888; and GCB 1895.

Baring wrote works on politics, the military and the classics. In 1910 he became chair of the Classical Association. He died in London on 21 January 1912.

Conditions Governing Access

Access to the items in the collection is unrestricted for the purpose of private study and personal research within the controlled environment and restrictions of the Library's Palaeography Room. Access to archive collections may be restricted under the Freedom of Information Act. Please contact the University Archivist for details.

Other Finding Aids

University of London Library, The Sterling library: a catalogue of the printed books and literary manuscripts collected by Sir Louis Sterling and presented by him to the University of London , Cambridge, (1954).

Archivist's Note

Separated Material

The Public Record Office, London, holds correspondence and papers, 1863-1917 (Ref: FO 633), correspondence with Granville George Leveson-Gower, 2nd Earl Granville, 1883-1885 (Ref: PRO 30/29), and correspondence with Horatio Herbert Kitchener, 1st Earl Kitchener of Khartoum and Broome, 1897-1899 (Ref: PRO 30/57; WO 159), the British Library, London, has drafts of Modern Egypt (Macmillans and Co, London, 1908) and papers (Ref: Add MSS 44903-11), correspondence with Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne-Cecil, Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, 1908-1909 (Ref: Add MS 51072), letters to Lord D'Abernon, 1883-1892 (Ref: Add MS 48929), letters to Sir Mansfeldt de Cardonnel Findlay, 1903-1916 (Ref: Add MS 62124), correspondence with Sir Alfred Comyn Lyall, 1875-1885 (Ref: MSS Eur F 132), correspondence with Macmillans, 1903-1916 (Ref: Add MS 55246), correspondence with George Frederick Samuel Robinson, 1st Marquess of Ripon, 1880-1906 (Add MSS 43596-99), letters to Sir Richard Temple, 1st Bt (Ref: MSS Eur F 86), and miscellaneous correspondence to Cromer, 1903-1917 (Ref: Add MSS 62124); the Bodleian Library, Oxford University, contains letters to Sir Henry Wentworth Acland, 1st Bt, 1886-1900 (Ref: MSS Acland), correspondence with Herbert Henry Asquith, 1st Earl of Oxford and Asquith (Ref: MSS Asquith), correspondence with John Wodehouse, 1st Earl of Kimberley, 1883-1895 (Ref: MSS Eng a2013-14, b2047-49, c3933-4514, d2439-92, e2790-97), letters to Sir Horace George Montagu Rumbold, 9th Bt, 1895-1915 (Ref: MSS Rumbold), and correspondence with William Waldegrave Palmer, 2nd Earl of Selborne, 1903-1916 (Ref: MSS Selborne); Rhodes House Library, Oxford University, holds letters to the Anti-Slavery Society, 1897-1912 (Ref: MSS Brit Emp s 16-24); the News International Record Office, London, has correspondence with Charles Frederic Moberly Bell, 1883-1910; West Sussex Record Office,, Chichester, contains letters to Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, 1883-1899; Cambridge University Library holds correspondence with Robert Offley Ashburton Crewe-Milnes, 1st Marquess of Crewe, 1900-1915, and correspondence with Charles Hardinge, 1st Baron Hardinge of Penshurst, 1906-1916 (Ref: Hardinge); Birmingham University Information Services has correspondence with William Harbutt Dawson, 1915 (Ref: WHD); Churchill Archives Centre, Cambridge University, contains correspondence with Reginald Baliol Brett, 2nd Viscount Esher (Ref: ESHR); the Brotherton Library, Leeds University, holds letters to Sir Edmund William Gosse, 1909-1916; Gloucestershire Record Office has correspondence with Michael Edward Hicks-Beach, 1st Earl St Aldwyn, 1896-1899 (Ref: D 2440); Durham University Library contains correspondence with the Khedive of Egypt, 1896-1905 (Ref: HIL), and correspondence with General Sir Frances Reginald Wingate, 1st Bt, 1893-1916 (Ref: Wingate papers); the British Library of Political and Economic Science, London, holds correspondence with the Rt Hon Edmund Dene Morel, 1908-1912 (Ref: Morel); ING Barings Holdings Ltd, London, has correspondence with Thomas George Baring, 1st Earl of Northbrook, 1868-1871 (Ref: NP6/2/6), and letters received by Baring; the House of Lords Record Office, London, has letters to Herbert Samuel, 1st Viscount Samuel, 1917 (Ref: Samuel papers); the Centre for Kentish Studies, Maidenhead, contains letters to Edward Stanhope, 1887-1891 (Ref: U1590/O258); the Staffordshire Record Office, Stafford, holds letters to George Granville William Leveson-Gower, 3rd Duke of Sutherland, 1884; the William R Perkins Library, Duke University, North Carolina, USA, holds letters to Lady Talbot, 1895-1903; Lambeth Palace Library, London, has correspondence with the Bishop in Jerusalem, 1899-1903 (Ref: MSS 2231, 2335); letters to George Douglas Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll, 1873-1874, are held privately.

Conditions Governing Use

Copies may be made, subject to the condition of the original. Copying must be undertaken by the Palaeography Room staff, who will need a minimum of 24 hours to process requests.