The collection comprises of correspondence by Andersson to fellow Antarctic explorer William Speirs Bruce (leader of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition, 1902-1904).
Johan Andersson collection
- This material is held at
- ReferenceGB 15 Johan Andersson
- Dates of Creation1902-1904
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionCorrespondence (3 leaves)
- Direct Link
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Johan Gunnar Andersson was born on 3 July 1874. After training as a geologist he participated in two expeditions to the Arctic. Appointed second in command of the Swedish South Polar Expedition, 1901-1903 (leader Nils Otto Nordenskjld) during its second year, Andersson was picked up by Antarctic in South Georgia and landed with two companions at Hope Bay in 1902, hoping to sledge to the expedition base on Snow Hill Island. They failed to reach the island so were forced to winter at Hope Bay in a makeshift stone hut with minimal supplies. They joined the Snow Hill Island party in October 1903. Despite the difficulties of the expedition, the Swedish scientists produced exceptional results, publishing a series of reports that set a pattern for later expeditions to follow.
In 1906, Andersson became professor of geography at Uppsala University and head of the Geological Survey of Sweden. He held the chair of geology at Stockholm University from 1925 to 1926. He also had a distinguished career in Chinese studies. He died in Stockholm on 29 October 1960.
Published works, Kineser och pingviner. En naturforskares minnen fran jordens fyra horn (Swedish) by Johan Gunnar Andersson, Saxon & Lindstoms Forlag A.B. Stockholm (1933) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Andersson, J.G.] Mitt liv och min tro (Swedish) by Johan Gunnar Andersson, Saxon & Lindstom Stockholm (1956) SPRI Library Shelf 92[Andersson, J.G.] Antarctica, or two years amongst the ice of the South Pole by Nils Otto Gustaf Nordenskjld and Johan Gunnar Andersson, C.Hurst and Co. London (1977) SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(08)[1901-1904 Nordenskjld]
The correspondence is arranged chronologically.
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to The Polar Record (May 1961) volume 10 number 68 p545 and Encyclopaedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans ed. Bernard Stonehouse, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester (2002) ISBN 0471986658 SPRI Library (7) and Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
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