The collection comprises of material created for or during the expedition.
British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1913
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- ReferenceGB 15 British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1913
- Dates of Creation1885-1913
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionExpedition material (Circa 28 volumes, 4 plans and 102 loose leaves)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
The British Antarctic Expedition, 1910-1913 (leader Robert Falcon Scott) spent two winters at Cape Evans on Ross Island. Extensive scientific investigations and exploration was conducted along the coast of Victoria Land and on the Ross Ice Shelf. The expedition ship Terra Nova carried out Hydrographic work during her voyages.
A winter sledging journey was undertaken by Edward Wilson, Henry Bowers and Apsley Cherry-Garrard to the emperor penguin rookery at Cape Crozier to obtain specimens, a party led by Griffith Taylor spent three months exploring the western mountains and this work was continued after the departure of the polar party in 1911.
A northern party led by Victor Campbell (comprising of Abbot, Browning, Dickason, Levick, and Priestley) established a base at Cape Adare from where they conducted scientific programmes. After moving camp the party were forced to spend the winter of 1912 in ice caves on Inexpressible Island before walking back to the Cape Evans camp.
Herbert Ponting acting as camera artist during the first year made a cin documentary film of an Antarctic expedition, 90° South.
Depot laying sledging journeys were sent south ready for the pole attempt which commenced in 1911. After successfully reaching the South Pole on 17 January 1912 Scott and his companions (Henry Bowers, Edgar Evans, Lawrence Oates and Edward Wilson) perished during the return journey. Search parties found the bodies of Scott, Bowers and Wilson in November 1912.
Pole Party, Robert Falcon Scott, Henry Bowers, Lawrence Oates, Edward Wilson, Edgar Evans
, Northern party, Victor Campbell, George Abbott, Frank Browning, George Levick, Raymond Priestley, Harry Dickason,
Shore party, Edward RGR Evans, Edward Atkinson, George Simpson (meteorologist), Thomas Griffith Taylor (geologist), Edward Nelson (biologist), Frank Debenham (geologist), Charles Wright (physicist), Herbert Ponting (Camera artist) Cecil Meares (in charge of dogs), Bernard Day (motor engineer), Apsley Cherry-Garrard (assistant zoologist), Tryggve Gran, (ski expert), William Lashly (chief stoker), W W Archer (chief steward), Thomas Clissold (chef), Robert Forde, Thomas Crean, Thomas Williamson, Patrick Keohane, (all petty officers), F J Hooper (steward) Anton Omelchenko (groom) Dmitriy Girev (dog driver)
Terra Nova party, Harry Pennell (lieutenant), Arthur Bailey, Albert Balson, Robert Brissenden, Wilfred Bruce, William Burton, Alfred Cheetham, Francis Davis, James Denniston, Francis Drake, William Heald, William Horton, William Knowles, Charles Lammas Joseph Leese, Dennis Lillie (biologist), John Mather, W H Neal.Robert Oliphant, Frederick Parsons, James Patton, Mortimer McCarthy, Angus McDonald, William McDonald, Edward McKenzie, Thomas McGillson, Thomas McLeon, Henry Rennick, Bernard Stone, William Williams and Charles Williamson
The collection is arranged chronologically.
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Anyone wishing to consult material should ensure they note the entire MS reference and the name of the originator.
The term holograph is used when the item is wholly in the handwriting of the author. The term autograph is used when the author has signed the item.
Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034 and Encyclopaedia of Antarctica and the Southern Oceans ed. Bernard Stonehouse, John Wiley & Sons, Chichester (2002) ISBN 0471986658 SPRI Library (7) and The worst journey in the world; Antarctic 1910-1913 by Apsley George Benet Cherry-Garrard, Constable London (1922) SPRI Library Shelf Special Collection (7)91(08)[1910-1913 Scott] and Hell with a capital H Katherine Lambert, Pimlico, London 2002 SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(08) and Scott's last Expedition Carroll and Graf publishers, New York, 1996 SPRI Library Shelf (7)91(08)[1910-1913]
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
Additional finding aids are available at the Institute.
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Further accessions possible.
Scott's last expedition Robert Falcon Scott recounts the expedition, copies are available at the Institutes Library (7)91(08)[1910-1913]