The collection comprises of material relating to the British Exploring Expedition, 1901-1902 (led by Hanbury) to the Keewatin area of Canada
David Hanbury collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 David Hanbury
- Dates of Creation1901-1902
- Name of Creator
- Language of MaterialEnglish.
- Physical DescriptionExpedition material (3 volumes)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
David Theophilus Hanbury was born on 8 March 1864 in England. He was educated at Elstree and at Clifton College in Bristol. He began to travel at an early age, visiting among other places the Rocky Mountains, Chinese Turkistan and Siberia. He studied surveying and geology under the auspices of the Royal Geographical Society, of which he became a member in 1894.
In 1899, Hanbury led the British Exploring Expedition, a private expedition to explore the unknown region between Chesterfield Inlet and Great Slave Lake. He had first attempted this journey in 1898, but had failed because poor ice conditions in Hudson Bay prevented him from setting out from Churchill, Manitoba, early enough. He returned to Churchill by dog sledge in 1899, later travelling to Marble Island and through Chesterfield Inlet to Baker Lake, before reaching the Thelon River. Mapping the Thelon River, he ascended its western branch, Hanbury River, crossing from there to Clinton-Colden Lake before reaching Great Slave Lake. He continued to Fort McMurray from where he returned by dog sledge to Edmonton. After the expedition, Hanbury served with the Light Horse Regiment during the Boer War in South Africa, participating in the capture of Pretoria in 1900.
Hanbury returned to the Canadian north with the British Exploring Expedition, 1901-1902, a private expedition to explore the interior of Keewatin District. In 1901, accompanied by his assistant, Hubert Darrell, Hanbury performed in reverse his previous journey, travelling from Great Slave Lake to Baker Lake, before continuing to Chesterfield Inlet and later to Depot Island, where he collected supplies from the New Bedford whaler Francis Allyn. In 1902, Hanbury and Darrell travelled from Baker Lake to the mouth of the Coppermine River on the Arctic coast, before returning to Edmonton by way of Great Bear Lake. During the expedition, he and Darrell gathered information on geology, natural history, anthropology, and meteorology. His account of the expedition, Sport and travel in the northland of Canada, was published in 1904. He spent his later years as a farmer on an island in San Francisco Bay. He died on 26 October 1910 in San Francisco.
The collection is arranged chronologically
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Arctic, exploration and development c500 BC to 1915, an encyclopaedia by Clive Holland, Garland Publishing, London (1994) and Exploring Polar Frontiers, a historical encyclopaedia by William Mills, San Diego and Oxford, 2003 and Canadian biography
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
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