George Harry Grey (1765-1845), 6th Earl of Stamford, succeeded his father, the 5th Earl of Stamford, as Lord Lieutenant and Custos Rotulorum of Cheshire in 1819 and held both offices until his death in 1845 (for the letters patent appointing him to the offices see EGR4/2/1/4-5 above). George Harry Grey became Lord Lieutenant at a time of growing radicalism, which culminated in the meeting in St Peter's Fields, Manchester, on 16 August 1819, which was violently suppressed. In the following year the Cato Street Conspiracy was uncovered. Lord Stamford followed these developments closely, and took a leading role in ensuring that there was no breakdown of order within Cheshire. As Lord Lieutenant George Harry Grey also headed the Commission of the Peace for Cheshire, and it was his prerogative to recommend names for inclusion in the Commission. In spite of the difficulty of persuading members of the Commission to act as magistrates in the growing industrial towns, he was reluctant to expand the Commission beyond its traditional gentry membership, and refused absolutely to appoint anyone connected with trade.
The series contains the following items: a bundle of Home Office circulars and other papers, 1817-1830 (EGR4/2/3/1); two bundles of printed matter related to seditious meetings and the Peterloo Massacre, 1817-20 and 1819 (EGR4/2/3/2-3); a bundle of papers relating to the militia and yeomanry cavalry, 1819-40 (EGR4/2/3/4); a bundle of engravings on the subject of the Cato Street Conspiracy, 1820 (EGR4/2/3/5); two bundles of correspondence and other papers relating to appointments to the Commission of the Peace for Cheshire, 1819-36 and 1830-7 (EGR4/2/3/6-7); a list of Chelsea out-pensioners resident in Cheshire, and related papers, 1836 (EGR4/2/3/8); letters relating to appointments to the Commissions of the Peace for Lancashire and Cheshire, 1841 and 1842 (EGR4/2/3/9-13); and a list of officers in the Dunham Massey and Altrincham troops of the King's Regiment of Cheshire Yeomanry Cavalry, 1842 (EGR4/2/3/14).
[For papers arising from the 6th Earl of Stamford's role as Colonel of the Royal Regiment of Cheshire Militia, see EGR4/2/2 above. For Quarter Sessions agendas, minutes and other papers relating to Lord Stamford's membership of the Commission of the Peace but not connected with the Lord Lieutenancy, see EGR4/2/4 below.]