The collection comprises of material relating to the British Arctic Expedition, 1875-1876 (leader George Strong Nares), correspondence and material from the Royal Geographical Society.
Lewis Beaumont collection
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- ReferenceGB 15 Lewis Beaumont
- Dates of Creation1875-1922
- Name of Creator
- Physical DescriptionExpedition material (1 volume, 14 leaves), Committee minutes (14 leaves) and correspondence (Circa 125 leaves)
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
Lewis Anthony Beaumont was born on 19 May 1847. In 1860, he entered the Royal Navy and seven years later was promoted lieutenant, serving on the Australian Station from 1868 to 1871. After qualifying as gunnery lieutenant, he was appointed instructor during the torpedo experiments. He served as senior lieutenant in HMS Discovery on the British Arctic Expedition, 1875-1876 (leader George Strong Nares), sent by the Admiralty to attempt to reach the North Pole and to explore the coasts of Greenland and adjacent lands. Setting out from Discovery Harbour on 6 April 1876, Beaumont led a major sledging journey eastward to explore the northwest coast of Greenland, reaching Sherard Osborn Fjord before turning back on 22 May 1876.
After the expedition, Beaumont was promoted commander and in 1882, served as the Naval Attach for Europe. Between 1882 and 1885, he served as private secretary to the First Lord of the Admiralty, and from 1894 to 1897 as director of Naval Intelligence. He was promoted rear admiral in 1897, serving as commander-in-chief of the Pacific Station between 1899 and 1900, and of the Australian Station from 1901 to 1903. He was knighted in 1901 and promoted admiral in 1906. In 1905, Beaumont was appointed commander-in-chief at Devonport, a post he held until 1908. He retired from the Navy in 1912 and died on 19 June 1922.
The collection is arranged into three sub-fonds covering the expedition, correspondence and Royal Geographical Society respectively.
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Descriptions compiled by N. Boneham, Assistant Archivist with assistance from R. Stancombe and reference to Arctic exploration and development C 500 BC to 1915, an encyclopaedia by Clive Anthony Holland, Garland Publishing Inc. New York (1994) and British polar exploration and research, a historical and medallic record with biographies 1818-1999 by Lieutenant Colonel Neville W. Poulsom and Rear Admiral John A.L. Myres, Savannah Publications London (2000) SPRI Library Shelf 737.2 and Robert Keith Headland Antarctic Chronology, unpublished corrected revision of Chronological list of Antarctic expeditions and related historical events, (1 December 2001) Cambridge University Press (1989) ISBN 0521309034
Other Finding Aids
Clive Holland Manuscripts in the Scott Polar Research Institute, Cambridge, England - a catalogue, Garland Publishing New York and London (1982) ISBN 0824093941.
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