Triads,

Scope and Content

A volume containing transcripts by Edward Williams ('Iolo Morganwg') of miscellaneous series of Welsh triads. P. ix is inscribed, presumably as a 'titlepage' for the volume, 'Llymma Lyfr Trioedd Beirdd Ynys Prydain A gasglwyd o amrafaelion o Hen Lyfrau Ysgrifen gan Iolo Morganwg, B.B.D., 1796'. Pp. 1-90 contain transcripts of five series of triads called 'Trioedd Doethineb' and of further series with the superscriptions 'Llyma Drioedd Llelo Llawdrwm o'r Coetty', 'Trioedd y Gwragedd', 'Llyma Drioedd y Gwragedd Priod . . . ', 'Llymma Drioedd y Cybydd', 'Trioedd Mab y Crinwas', 'Llymma Drioedd y Meddwyn', 'Llyma Drioedd y Cymro', and 'Trioedd y Sais'. All these were reputedly transcribed from a [manuscript] volume or collection of triads compiled from specified sources by [the seventeenth century Glamorgan scribe] Thomas ab Ifan of Tre Brynn (see the note on p. 90 and the transcripts on p. x and p. xii of the ? inscription on the title-page of, and the preface to, this volume reputedly compiled by the said Thomas ab Ifan). Pp. 90-93 contain an anecdote relating to triads in prose and verse ('ar fesur Triban') written by Gwilym Hir, a carpenter ? employed by Hopgin Thomas Philib of Y Gelli Fid, parish of Glynn Ogwr [co. Glamorgan]. Pp. 93-2115 contain transcripts of further series of triads from specified manuscript sources with the following superscriptions 'Trioedd Gwiw eu gwybod au cofiaw er addysg Doethineb ...', 'Trioedd y Doethion ...', 'Llymma Drioedd y Brodyr', 'Llymma Eraill o Drioedd y Brodyr', 'Llymma Drioedd yr Arglwydd Wiliam Herbert, Iarll Rhaglan', 'Trioedd y Lladron', 'Trioedd y Gwragedd', 'Trioedd Addwynder', 'Llymma Drioedd Dyfnwal Moelmud a elwir Trioedd y Cludau a Thrioedd y Cargludau', 'Llymma eraill o Drioedd Dyfnwal Moelmud a elwir Trioedd Gwladoldeb a Chywladoldeb. . . ', and 'Llymma Drioedd Dyfnwal Moelmud etto a elwir Trioedd Bonedd a Braint. . . ' (incomplete, one only). The series listed thus far, with the exception of 'Trioedd y Lladron' and the incomplete last-named 'Trioedd Bonedd a Braint', have been published, with certain textual and orthographical changes, etc., in The Myvyrian Archaiology of Wales . . ., vol. III (London, 1807), pp. 1199- 3118. The remainder of the present volume contains, pp. 229-64, transcripts of three series of triads with the superscriptions 'Llymma Drioedd Cerdd Dafod Beirdd Ynys Prydain . . . ', 'Llyma Drioedd Cerdd Eraill. . . ', and 'Llyma Drioedd Dosparth y Ford Gronn', and of series of miscellaneous other triads.

Note

Title based on contents.

Formerly known as Llanover C. 23.

Preferred citation: NLW MS 13110B.

Other Finding Aids

The description is also available in the Handlist of Manuscripts in the National Library of Wales, Volume IV (Aberystwyth, 1971).

Additional Information

Published