WEBB SIDNEY JAMES 1857-1947 BARONPASSFIELD

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Memorandum on the draft constitution of the World Order of Socialists, sentto the Webbs by Keighley Snowden (1860-1947).

Administrative / Biographical History

James 'Keighley' Snowden (1860-1947)

Snowden was in Preston, Lancashire, and educated at the School of Science andArt, Keighley. He became a novelist and journalist, and worked on the staffof Yorkshire Observer, Birmingham Daily Post, Yorkshire Post, Daily Mail,Pall Mall Gazette, and the National Food Journal.

His publications include:

Sidney Webb 1859 - 1947

Sidney Webb, the son of an accountant, was born in London on 13th July, 1859.At the age of sixteen Webb became an office clerk but he continued to attendevening classes at the University of London until he acquired thequalifications needed to enter the Civil Service. Webb also contributed tothe "Christian Socialist" and taught at the London Working Men's College. In1885 he joined the Fabian Society.

In 1892 Webb married Beatrice Potter (1958 - 1943), the social reformer. Inthe same year he stood as the Fabian Society candidate for Deptford in theLondon County Council elections. Webb won the seat and he retained it for thenext eighteen years. Webb was appointed as Chairman of the TechnicalInstruction Committee and as a result was known as the Minister of PublicEducation for London. In 1894 Henry Hutchinson, a wealthy solicitor fromDerby, left the Fabian Society 10,000. Sidney and Beatrice Webb suggestedthat the money should be used to develop a new university in London. TheLondon School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) was founded in1895.

When the Conservative Party won the 1900 General Election, the Webbs draftedwhat later became the 1902 Education Act. In 1915 Sidney Webb was appointedto the Labour Party National Executive. By 1922 he was Chairman of theNational Executive and the following year, in the 1923 General Election, waschosen to represent the Labour Party in the Seaham constituency. Webb won theseat, and when Ramsay MacDonald (1866 - 1937) became Britain's first LabourPrime Minister in 1924, he appointed Webb as his President of the Board ofTrade. Webb left the House of Commons in 1929 when he was granted the titleBaron Passfield. Now in the House of Lords, Webb served as Secretary of Statefor the Colonies in MacDonald's second Labour Government.

His publications include:

Arrangement

One volume

Conditions Governing Access

OPEN

Acquisition Information

Webb, Sidney, Baron Passfield andBeatrice Webb

Other Finding Aids

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