Scope and Content

The earliest extant Qur'an written in the Bihari script, a variation of naskh, is dated 801 AH (1399 CE), and was produced in Gwalior in Central India. The script evolved through the course of the fifteenth century, developing its distinctive elongated horizontal strokes. This Qur'an contains three double-page openings illuminated with bold abstract floral designs. In the centre of the side margins are semi-circular protuberances, or ansae, flanked by medallions. The borders of the illuminated panels are edged with lotus leaves. This Qur'an was produced in one of the Sultanate States in Northern India, possibly Delhi or Jaunpur.

Conditions Governing Access


Physical Characteristics and/or Technical Requirements

H20.2 x W15.4cm

Conditions Governing Use

For permission to publish, please contact Archives & Special Collections, SOAS Library in the first instance