The history of the Kniveton family at Osmaston is poorly documented. A Kniveton family ofMercaston, Derbyshire is better recorded, as a baronetage for that family was created on 29 June1611 for William Kniveton (d.1632). His son, Sir Gilbert Kniveton of Mercaston, held property inBradley, Derbyshire which his successor, Sir Andrew Kniveton, sold to the Meynell family. Thebaronetage became extinct following the death of the fourth baronet, Sir Thomas Kniveton, in about1706. A different Thomas Kniveton is recorded as being elected coroner for Derbyshire in 1616 and isdescribed as a 'gentleman' who was also coroner for the borough of Derby in 1639. William Knyveton(baronet) was a justice of the peace for Derbyshire in 1594, 1604 and 1624.
White's 1857 directory for Derbyshire affirms the connection between the Kniveton family with thevillage of Osmaston near Ashbourne, Derbyshire. In 1712, a Thomas Kniveton bequeathed the rentreceived from his lands for a sermon in Osmaston church to be given on Ascension Day and St.Thomas's day or, by default, to the poor. Matthew Kniveton died in the possession of the manor ofOsmundestune [Osmaston] in 1562 and the manor later passed with the Kniveton's Bradley estate to theMeynells, suggesting a link with the Knivetons of Mercaston.
The Meynotts are referred to in several documents in this collection and seem to provide the keyto the connection between the Knivetons and the Baileys. Rev. Edmund Meynott was the Rector of SouthNormanton, Derbyshire in the 1730s who purchased coal mines in the parish from Francis Revell. Itseems likely that Meynott also owned land in Osmaston as well as South Normanton. He had at leastthree daughters, Susanna, Rebecca and Ann. Rebecca and Ann married men from Blidworth.
The history of the Bailey (or 'Baily' as it is spelt in some documents in this collection) familyis equally unclear. James Bailey is recorded in White's 1832 directory of Nottinghamshire as afarmer and surveyor living on Pythorn Hill, Blidworth. William Bailey was a gentleman and a landvaluer at Halam in 1932 and it is likely that James was his son. The bond in this collectiondemonstrates that there is certainly a connection between these two men. By 1855, it appears thatJames was succeeded by John Bailey as the farmer on Pythorn Hill, an occupation and address that heretained until at least 1881. By 1887, no Baileys are recorded as resident at Blidworth.