Typescript copy of a Master of Arts thesis by the Reverend Harold Edwin Sheen, rector of St John the Evangelist, Miles Platting, Manchester. The thesis is entitled The Oxford Movement in a Manchester Parish, specifically relating to St John the Evangelist, Miles Platting and the prosecution of the Rector Sidney Faithorn Green under the Public Worship Regulation Act of 1874. It includes a letter from the author to the Librarian of the John Rylands Library, dated 31 January 1944.
Typescript Thesis on The Oxford Movement in a Manchester Parish
Scope and Content
Administrative / Biographical History
In 1833 a group Anglican clergymen and academics within the University of Oxford attempted to renew the Church of England through the revival of catholic doctrines and rituals. This attempt to stir the established Church into new life became known as the Oxford Movement. Prominent figures involved were John Henry Newman, John Keble, Richard Hurrell Froude, Charles Marriott, Edward Bouverie Pusey and Richard William Church. The group was also known as the Tractarians following the publication of a series of ninety pamphlets, Tracts for the Times (1833-41). They exerted great influence, doctrinally, spiritually, and liturgically on the Church of England and the wider Anglican Communion, in their aims to return to the beliefs and customs of the early, undivided church.
Harold Edwin Sheen was born in 1898 and studied theology at the University of Durham, before attending Chichester Theological College. He was ordained a deacon in 1922, and a priest in the following year. His first clerical post was as curate of St Peter Westleigh in the diocese of Manchester, from 1922 until 1926, when he moved to St Philip's Salford. From 1929 until 1947 he was rector of St John the Evangelist, Miles Platting in east Manchester. In 1941 he obtained an MA from the University of Manchester; his thesis was on the Oxford Movement and he appears to have aligned himself within the Anglo-Catholic strand of the Church of England. From 1947 to 1972 he was rector of Holy Trinity, Bath, and he oversaw the building of a new church to replace the one that had been destroyed by German bombing in 1942. He wrote a considerable number of books and pamphlets on religious subjects, many intended for use in religious instruction within schools and Sunday schools (see below). Sheen's last entry in Crockford's Clerical Directory appears in 1971-2 and he is reported to have died in 1972.
Conditions Governing Access
The manuscript is available for consultation by any accredited reader.
Donated to the John Rylands Library by Rev. H.E. Sheen in February 1940.
Description compiled by Jo Humpleby, project archivist, and John Hodgson, Keeper of Manuscripts and Archives, with reference to:
- Crockford's Clerical Directory, 1971-2;
- http://www.bartleby.com/65/ox/Oxfordmo.html ;
Other Finding Aids
Catalogued in the Hand-List of the Collection of English Manuscripts in the John Rylands Library, 1937-1951 (English MS 962).
Published works by Harold Edwin Sheen include:
- Teaching the Collects: a year's course of lessons based on the Collects (London: Faith Press, 1965);
- Canon Peter Green: a biography of a great parish priest, by the Reverend H.E. Sheen (London: Hodder and Stoughton, 1965);
- Foundations of the faith: being a course of lessons for a year for the Middle School, based on the church catechism (London: Faith Press; New York: Morehouse, 1936, reprint of 1st (1935) edition);
- Teaching the Epistles: a year's course of lessons for seniors based on the Sunday Epistles (London: Faith Press, 1961);
- The Church and her Children. Being a hand-book for priests, catechists, Sunday School teachers and other church-workers, etc. (London: Faith Press, 1933);
- The Gospel of Light. Being a year's course of kindergarten lessons for church Sunday Schools, etc. (London: Faith Press, 1935);
- Looking unto Jesus. Being a year's course of kindergarten lessons for Church Sunday schools, etc. (London: Faith Press, 1931);
- One Thing Needful (London: Faith Press, 1940);
- Our Childhood's Pattern. Being a year's course of kindergarten lessons for Church Sunday Schools, together with notes for the teachers' preparation class, and blackboard sketches (London: Faith Press, 1938);
- Suffer Little Children. Being a book of lessons for Church Sunday Schools for children under five years of age, together with notes on their instruction and characteristics (London: Faith Press, 1946);
- Through the Eyes of a Child. Being a series of seven-lesson courses of addresses for children, etc. (London: Faith Press, 1928);
- The Way of the Epistles. Being a course of lessons for a year for the middle or senior school based on the Sunday Epistles (London: Faith Press, 1937);
- What Do You Know of the Bible? Being simple studies for ordinary folk on subjects of interest and importance concerning the Holy Scriptures (London: Skeffington & Son, 1936);
- With Childlike Eyes. Being a series of seven-lesson courses of addresses for children, etc. (London: Faith Press, 1931);
- Ye Are to Take Care! Being a handbook of instruction on definite church teaching and practical hints for confirmation and post confirmation classes (London: Faith Press, 1940);
- The unveiling of the collects. Being a year's course of lessons for church Sunday schools on the prayer book collects for use in the middle school (London, 1934).