Frederick Denison Maurice (1805-1872) was born on 29 August 1805 at Normanston, near Lowestoft. He entered Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1823, before transferring to Trinity Hall in 1825. Maurice decided to take orders, and entered Exeter College, Oxford, in 1830. He was ordained in 1834, and became curate of Bubbenhall near Leamington. In 1836 he became chaplain of Guy's Hospital. He was made professor of English literature and history at King's College, London, in 1840, and in 1846 became chaplain of Lincoln's Inn. In 1848 he was one of the founders of Queen's College, London. Maurice was the spiritual leader of the 'Christian socialists', and helped to found a Working Men's College in London in 1854, of which he became the principal. In 1860 he was appointed to the chapel of St Peter's, Vere Street, in London, and in 1866 became the Knightbridge professorship of 'casuistry, moral theology, and moral philosophy' at Cambridge. His health began to decline in 1870, and he died on 1 April 1872.