Edward Hyde, Earl of Clarendon: History of the Rebellion and Civil Wars in Ireland

Archive Collection

Scope and Content

Two copies of Lord Clarendon's History of the rebellion and civil wars in Ireland, titled a 'Short View of the State and Condition of Ireland from the Year 1640 to this Time'.

MS.Add.4347: An anonymous copy of Lord Clarendon's History, 87 folios. On p. 170: 'Robt. Taylor' (c. 1690). Outside the back cover: 'Sir Arthur Achison, Bart.' (19th century).

MS.Add.4348: An imperfect copy of Lord Clarendon's History, 45 folios. This copy breaks off at the head of p. 95 of the printed edition. A contemporary hand has noted the name of the author in the margin at the head of fo. 1, and made marginal notes, among them being frequent references under the head 'Burt' to Edmund Borlase's History of the Irish rebellion (1662).

Administrative / Biographical History

Edward Hyde, 1st Earl of Clarendon (1609-1674), was born on 18 February 1609. He attended Magdalen Hall, Oxford, and became a barrister at Middle Temple in 1633. Hyde represented Saltash in the Long Parliament. He joined Charles I at York in 1642, and drew up the King's declarations during the next three years. He became a privy councillor and chancellor of the exchequer in 1643, and played a leading role in negotiations with the parliamentarians, notably at Uxbridge in 1645. He was an important member of Prince Charles' council in the west in 1645, and travelled with the prince to the continent in 1646, becoming his chief advisor and, in 1658, lord chancellor. He was chancellor of Oxford, 1660-1667, and was created Baron Hyde in 1660, and Viscount Cornbury and Earl of Clarendon in 1661. Hyde was dismissed from office in 1667, and, facing impeachment, fled to France. He died at Rouen on 9 December 1674.

Conditions Governing Access

Open for consultation by holders of a Reader's Ticket valid for the Manuscripts Reading Room.

Acquisition Information

Received from the collection of Henry Bradshaw, 1905.

Note

Description compiled by Robert Steiner, Department of Manuscripts and University Archives. The biographical history was compiled with reference to the entry on Hyde in Sidney Lee, ed., Dictionary of national biography, Vol. X (London, 1908), pp. 370-389.

Other Finding Aids

Additional Manuscripts Catalogue.

Custodial History

MS.Add.4347 was bought by Henry Bradshaw at the sale of the library of the 4th Earl of Gosford, descendant of Sir Arthur Acheson, 1884; MS.Add.4348 was bought by Henry Bradshaw from William Ridler, second-hand bookseller, 1885.

Bibliography

The history was printed in Dublin, 1719-1720.

Geographical Names