Josephine Butler to Stanley Butler

Archive Unit
  • This material is held at
  • Reference
      GB 106 3JBL/49/14
  • Former Reference
      GB 106 5465
  • Dates of Creation
      23 Feb [1905]
  • Physical Description
      1 item

Scope and Content

Photocopy of a letter. Written from [Wooler, Northumberland]

Letter deal mainly with European politics wars and rumours of wars; France's 'unnatural' alliance with Russia and the possible complication of Germany also siding with Russia in her war with Japan and so France being allied with her old and bitter enemy. [The Russo-Japanese war lasted from 8 Feb 1904-23 Aug. 1905]. Gives instances of the tyrannical actions of the Russian Government, told by refugees she has met in Switzerland. Notes that at the Elswick docks at Newcastle they are building two immense ships for Japan and comments on 'the wicked wily advances of Russia towards Tibet, which are the reason for Lord Kitchener's 'Mission''

Administrative / Biographical History

23 Feb [1905]

'Republican France has put herself in an awkward predicament by that silly and unnatural alliance with Russia'

Following Bismark's dismissal by the Emperor William II in Mar 1890 the Treaty between Germany and Russia was not renewed; and Russia came slowly under French influence. Russian loans were floated in Paris, in 1891 the French fleet visited Kronstadt and a military convention was signed Dec 1893

(Ensor England 1870-1914 p 196)

JB had a great dislike of Russia because of her tyrannical methods of government. Victorian England was moved by the tales of Russian refugees then as it is today

'The Near East was fast approaching'

'At the Elswick docks at Newcastle they are building two immense ships for Japan ... George sometimes reads me a bit which helps me to understand the war'

The Russo-Japanese War lasted from 8 Feb 1904 to 23 Aug 1905. The Peace of Portsmouth signed on that date terminated the war

'The wicked wily advances of Russia towards Tibet, which are the reasons for Lord Kitchener's 'Mission''

Kitchener was created Viscount in 1902 and sent to India as Commander in Chief of the forces there. In 1909 he left India

1903 onwards Russia actively intrigued in Tibet and various hostile acts were committed by Tibetans on their frontier with India

(Ensor England 1870-1914 p 383)