Josephine Butler to Mrs Tanner

Archive Unit
  • This material is held at
  • Reference
      GB 106 3JBL/24/15
  • Former Reference
      GB 106 4040
  • Dates of Creation
      22 Jun 1885
  • Physical Description
      1 item

Scope and Content

Written from Winchester. Notes that Mr Stansfeld has secured the first place on Tuesday, 14 Jul for 'calling attention to the CD Acts and moving a Resolution'. He cannot decide on the form of the Resolution till it is known which party is to be in power. [Lord Salisbury formed a minority Government 24 Jun 1885 which lasted almost exactly 7 months] But they can get to work urging all members to write to their MPs about the necessity of Repeal and of supporting Mr Stansfeld. Hopes her friend will attend the Federation Conference at Antwerp in Sep [1885]. They need a good, rousing leaflet for circulation among the new county electors [the Franchise Bill of 1884 raised the electorate from about 3 millions to about 5 millions]

Administrative / Biographical History

22 Jun 1885. 'Notice of the form of the Resolution, which he cannot decide on till it is known which party is to be in power.' There were 2 elections close to each other in 1885, 1886. The end of 1885 the Liberals were returned. Jun 1886 the Conservatives were returned. For details see Note letter of 13 Apr 1885. By the Franchise Act of 1884 'The UK electorate was raised from about 3 millions to about 5 millions. 79 towns of less than 15,000 population ceased to be seats; 36 of less than 50,000 lost one of their 2 members. The Universities and the boroughs between 50,000 and 165,00 alone remained 2 member constituencies; the rest of the country, rural and urban, was artificially chopped up into single member divisions; and the historic 'communitates' (counties and boroughs) ceased to be, as such, the basis of the House of Commons. The individual for the first time became the unit and numerical equality ('one vote, one value'). The master principle.' (Ensor England 1870-1914) p.88. 'Thus for the first time the agricultural labourer became a voter.' Biog: Mr JE Ellis; Joseph Arch; H Broadhurst.