Josephine Butler to Stanley Butler

Scope and Content

Photocopy of letter. Written from La Gordanne [pres Perroy]

'Aunt Eliza' had returned to Genoa where her daughter Mrs Leupold lived.

'Did you see Gladstone's letter to 'The Figaro'? Tell read it aloud to us. I admire it much. 'The Figaro' had asked for his opinion [on the Armenian massacres]'

Reference to a series of massacres of the Armenians by the Turks, of which news first came through in Jul 1894. A commission of enquiry was set up on the initiative of Lord Kimberley which highlighted the massacres but owing to divisions among the Great Powers no action was taken.

Administrative / Biographical History

'Aunt Eliza'

Josephine Butler's eldest sister b 1819 and the mother of Edith Leupold who lived at Genoa. M (1) Morrison (2) Masson

(See Biog Index)

'The Armenian question ... the massacres were repeated and prolonged' culminating in 'a wild orgy of massacre ... in the streets of the Turkish capital in which 6000 Armenians perished' in Aug 1896. See Ensor, England 1870-1914, p 219-20, 238)

Biog: Aunt Eliza (Mrs Masson), WE Gladstone