Josephine Butler to her sons

Scope and Content

Written from Rome.

Writes about the troubles besetting Italy with hunger riots in the South and great depression in all the industrial towns of Italy. Tommasi-Crudeli has turned the financial stringency to the advantage of the Cause by suggesting that funds devoted to the Police des Moeurs should be saved for the Government Exchequer. Describes an evening when she dined at the house of Tommasi-Crudeli when the other guests were the Count and Countess of Pasolini, old General Pallavicini. Had a long talk the next evening with the Countess Pasolini who came to see her. 'Everyone ... advise me strongly to see Leo XIII'. '...and asked if I was the aunt of Marchesse Donghi ... I wrote to tell Bice (Beatrice) how much indebted I am to her for being my niece!!'. Bice, the Marchesse and the Marquis Donghi are mentioned at a family gathering at Ludwig and Edith Leupold's residence in Genoa in Mar 1894 (see letter from Josephine Butler to Rhoda Butler (Stanley's wife) dated 12 Mar 1894). 'About 15 years ago the Dowager Lady Dalhousie sent to us ... a present of a book which she had translated ... 'The Life of Count Pasolini'

Administrative / Biographical History

Bice (Beatrice) (1863-1865) was the daughter of Harriet Jane, Josephine's sister, and Tell Meuricoffre.

Edith Leupold (niece of Josephine's) had two sisters, Constance, who married Mr Baldwin, and Mary about whom no information is given.

Leo XIII (papal office 1878-1903). He was known for his liberal outlook.

Biog: Signor Celli (deputy), Tommasi-Crudeli (Senator), Count Pasolini, Garibaldi, Aicardi, The Marchesse Donghi, Lady Dalhousie (dowager)