Josephine Butler to Mrs Tanner

Scope and Content

Written from Liverpool. Gives her views on the different points of her agenda. 1) Annual meetings: agrees London, would like the National to join and have it at St. James Hall; some time after the New Year. 2) In favour of a special campaign at Plymouth in conjunction with the National to start soon after the New Year, favoured by; (i) the exposure of Annie's falsehoods (see letter of Josephine Butler to Miss Priestman c.1876); (ii) a strong religious revival in Plymouth and Devonport following the visit of Moody and Sankey. 3) Petition: she would advise continuing. 4) Paid agency: impossible to do without some paid agency for the laborious part of organising large public meetings. For Mrs Campbell: seems a good thing to retain her services through the winter for the work of getting up a meeting in Liverpool for working men and tradesmen as she is a Liverpool woman. She is bringing out Fallot's speech as a leaflet, 'Valuable as a weapon and means of enlightenment among the Educated'.

Administrative / Biographical History

'The National' i.e. the National Association for the Abolition of the Acts with headquarters in London. Founded in 1869 at a meeting held in Bristol, where Dr Hooppell read a paper on the subject of the Acts. It was the central body of the organisation. 'in the Federation meeting'. This refers to the International Conference of the Federation held in London, Jun 1881. 'The two days Convention contemplated by the Friends' Association to take place earlier in the year [1883]'. Before this JB was discussing when the annual meeting of the LNA should take place and decided that it would benefit from the 'fervour and quickened activity' resulting from the two days' Convention of the Friends, which took place in Jan 1883. The annual meeting was therefore fixed for some time in Feb 1883. 'The members of the late Parliamentary Committee'. This refers to the Select Committee of the House of Commons appointed in 1879 to examine the expense and efficiency of the CD Acts, finishing in 1882. (For further details, see Note: letter of 4 May 1882, Rev George to his wife.) 'Canon Wilberforce' He was a Canon of Winchester from 1828-82 and Warden of the Wilberforce mission. In this capacity he 'devoted himself with conspicuous success to mission works in Portsmouth and Aldershot' (D.N.B.). JB thought 'he was not yet sound on the Acts, having been blinded by Southampton doctors and police'. But she recognised him as 'a growing man'. He was appointed to the newly appointed see of Newcastle-on-Tyne in 1882 and consecrated 25 Jul in Durham Cathedral. 'The splendid exposure of Annis' falsehoods by his own town.' See Note above on '. The members of the late Parliamentary Committee'. The Minority Report would be read and digested by more people than the Parliamentary Committee. 'a very strong religious revival in Plymouth and Devonport, attendant on the visit of Moody and Sankey'. 'The preaching tour of the American lay evangelist D.L. Moody and his singing companion, Ira D. Sankey, through the British Isles 1873-5, marked the beginning of an outburst of Anglo-US revivalism.' (Enc. Brit. 1967, article on Revivalism) 'The fact of his recent death is fresh in their minds.' E.W. Jones, a working man, joined the Repeal movement as one of its public speakers and became the President of the Working Men's National League for Repeal. 'The recent severe struggle against the compulsory notification of diseases ... has called forth in the Liverpool Press several devout prayers that the CD Acts may soon be applied to Liverpool.' JB was always worried about possible extension of the CD Acts since most of the leading medical men were in favour of a stricter control. 'The London Memorial' was an association for the advocates of the continental system of control of prostitutes. (See Note to letter of CW Shirley Deakin to Dr Carter, 13 Feb 1872 and letter of 7 Mar 1872 from Dr Berkeley Hill to unnamed man about the Association.) 'The Professors of the new University [at Liverpool]' (For Note on this see letter of 24 Nov 1881, JB to her son Stanley.) 'Their attention has been much called (this being a port) to the 'traffic''. This referred to the traffic in young English girls to the brothels of Belgium and France. See Notes to letters of May 1881, JB and James Stuart giving notice of London Conference 20-22 Jun 1881 and [3 Nov 1880] from JB. 'There is now a certain good, strong 'blue ribbon' element among them.' 'blue ribbon' was a term used to describe those who supported teetotalism either as members of a teetotal society or on their own. 'their hero Simpson' 'The Working Men's National League was originated by working men at Liverpool after a series of lectures given by Mr Simpson and Mr Burgess' (Shield, 1 Nov 1875, p.278). He was a very eloquent speaker. In letter of JB to HJ Wilson, 9 Apr 1875, writing of the Aldershot case (Mrs Percy's suicide) she says: 'A crowded meeting of working men was held last night here on this case. Simpson spoke magnificently, Bligh tells me.' Biog: Canon Wilberforce; Annis; Miss Bewicke; Mrs Steward; Mrs Campbell; Mr E.W. Jones; Dr Nevins; Dr Carter; Mr Dyer; Simpson; Mr Thomasson; Mr Banks; Mme Venturi; Lord Coleridge; Moody Dwight; Lyman Sankey; Ira D.