Prince Peter Alexeivitch Kropotkin 1842-1921.
Prince Peter Kropotkin was the son a relatively wealthy army officer and camefrom a noble lineage. He was educated in the Corps of Pages, Petrograd, 1857- 1862 and Petrograd University 1869 - 1873.
He became the aide-de-camp to the military Governor of Transbaikalia andbecame the attache for Cossack Affairs to the Governor-General of EasternSiberia. In 1864 he crossed North Manchuria from Transbaikalia to the Amur.He received the Gold Medal of the Russian Geographical Society for thisjourney. Also in 1864 he went up the Sungari to Kirin. He became Secretaryto the Physical Geography Section of the Geographical Society and in 1871 hewent to Finland and Sweden to explore the glacial deposits.
However his career changed in 1872 when he joined the International WorkingMens' Association. He was arrested and confined in the fortress of St Peterand St Paul in 1874. In 1876 he escaped from a military hospital and came toEngland. He left England some time later for Geneva where he founded theanarchist paper La Revolte. He was expelled from Switzerland in 1881 andwent to France where in 1883 he was condemned to five years imprisonment atLyons.
Kropotkin was a prolific writer on revolution, capitalism and geography,including:
- Conquest of Bread(1892)
- Memoirs of a Revolutionist(1899)
- Fields, Factories and Workshops(1901)
- Mutual Aid(1902)
- The Great French Revolution(1909)